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Discussions on development opportunities and challenges
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How to make gender equality work for everyone

1. Februar 2023 - 10:06

By Laura Parry-Davies, Digital Communications Officer, OECD Development Centre

The pandemic has set equal rights for women and girls back significantly. What can the international community do to reverse this trend and put social, economic and physical equality back on track? 

Experts from UN Women, London School of Economics and Political Science, MenCare Global Fatherhood Campaign, and the OECD gathered to discuss next steps for empowering young women and girls as part of the OECD Development Centre’s 60th Anniversary Dialogues.

Read on for some of our key takeaways from this discussion.

The post How to make gender equality work for everyone appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

The fourth Industrial Revolution and the reskilling challenge: a view from the Global South

23. Januar 2023 - 15:35

By Ramiro Albrieu, Senior Researcher and Megan Ballesty, Project Co-ordinator, Center for the Implementation of Public Policies for Equity and Growth (CIPPEC-Argentina, member of the Southern Voice network)

The fourth industrial revolution is redefining the role of people in the workplace and, consequently, challenging 20th century education systems.
Many of the breakthroughs in the field of applied artificial intelligence and related technologies enable the automation of “codifiable” or repetitive tasks, representing hard-to-beat competition for workers performing them. Societies are therefore making efforts to redirect human capital investments away from learning goals associated with performing routine and repetitive tasks. Although this goal is clear, the specific features of policy frameworks to achieve it are hard to design, as they are highly context-dependent.

A few examples follow.

The post The fourth Industrial Revolution and the reskilling challenge: a view from the Global South appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Accelerating the green energy transition in emerging markets in times of crisis

20. Januar 2023 - 15:17

By Maurizio Bezzeccheri, Head Latin America region, Enel; Francesco Ciaccia, Manager, Eni; and Marta Martinez, Climate Change and Alliances, Iberdrola

The world is in the midst of an unprecedented and complex global energy crisis. Governments across emerging markets face two apparently conflicting priorities: ensuring immediate energy security and accelerating the energy transition to address the longer-term challenge of climate change. But are these priorities truly conflicting? And what can the private sector do to change the calculus by accelerating the green transition in times of crisis?

The post Accelerating the green energy transition in emerging markets in times of crisis appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

G20 – a unique opportunity to advance digital public infrastructure

12. Januar 2023 - 16:59

By Liv Marte Nordhaug, Co-Lead, Digital Public Goods Alliance

As we enter 2023, there is no shortage of global challenges, crises, and wars that will test the robustness of our digital foundations. But which are the models to point to?

The post G20 – a unique opportunity to advance digital public infrastructure appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Our top 5 blogs of 2022!

11. Januar 2023 - 15:04

These were our 5 most popular blogs of the past year:

1. What is transformative change for gender equality and how do we achieve it?
By Jenny Hedman, Lisa Williams and Laura McDonald

2. Why intersectional feminism matters for development
By Aviva Stein

3. To recover from the crisis, tax the wealth of multimillionaires like me
By Djaffar Shalchi

4. A faster path to digital transformation in Latin America
By Angel Melguizo, Eduardo Salido Cornejo and Welby Leaman

5. Forced migration in Nigeria is a development issue
By Fatima Mamman-Daura

Click to access all blogs

The post Our top 5 blogs of 2022! appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Migration is accelerating – How can everyone benefit?

16. Dezember 2022 - 17:12

By Laura Parry-Davies, Digital Communications Officer, OECD Development Centre

The number of migrants in the world has increased by more than 46% in the last 30 years. Yet, global development agendas have, up-to-this-point, failed to adequately integrate the role of human mobility into country strategies for growth and wellbeing. What needs to change?

The post Migration is accelerating – How can everyone benefit? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

It is time to give highly indebted countries a fresh start

15. Dezember 2022 - 15:17

By Rachid Bouhia, Economist, and Patrick Kacmarczyk, Consultant, UNCTAD

In many developing countries, the prolonged debt burden has been the major cause of financial stress and obstacle to further mobilising financial resources for the SDGs. For more than a decade, those economies have been trapped in a spiral of high public indebtedness with disadvantageous economic and social outcomes, hampering structural transformation and Agenda 2030. All these countries have periodically sought assistance from the IMF, with a new unsurprising wave in the summer of 2022, but never managed to get out of the red despite implementing macroeconomic policies and reforms that came with the financial assistance. With little reason to assume that public debt will stabilise soon, especially post-pandemic and with the ongoing war in Ukraine, financial vulnerabilities and hindrance to financing for development are likely to persist.

Under the exceptional global circumstances, these countries would benefit from a significant round of debt cancellation targeting low- and middle-income countries that request it.

The post It is time to give highly indebted countries a fresh start appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

The Energy Transition or Development – Will Developing Countries Need to Choose?

13. Dezember 2022 - 9:30

y Laura Parry-Davies, Digital Communications Officer, OECD Development Centre

Countries with low access to energy and minimal contributions to greenhouse gas emissions are being asked to prioritise the low-carbon transition over economic growth.

Is this fair? Will the benefits of switching to net-zero outweigh the costs?

The post The Energy Transition or Development – Will Developing Countries Need to Choose? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Four ways to make development finance fairer and more effective

8. Dezember 2022 - 17:12

By Harald Hirschhofer, Senior Advisor, TCX

Low-income country debts are mostly owed to multilateral and bilateral official lenders. Unfortunately, these development institutions’ default practice is to lend – from a borrower’s perspective - in foreign currency, i.e. USD, Euros or Yen. As they are risk conservative, they put the currency risk on the shoulders of low-income country borrowers. Although on concessional terms, such hard-currency development finance frequently turns out to be more expensive than borrowers can afford. The true costs of borrowing are hidden behind a veil of currency risk.

The post Four ways to make development finance fairer and more effective appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How to build global resilience in a multi-crisis world – #DEVat60 Dialogues

7. Dezember 2022 - 15:20

By Laura Parry-Davis, Digital Communications Officer, OECD Development Centre

From climate change to COVID-19 to Russia’s war against Ukraine, the world is weathering a series of multiple, cascading crises. How can we - the international community - scale-up our response?

Experts from ODI, the Boston University Global Development Policy Center, IMF, SIDA and OECD gathered to discuss the risks associated with today’s crises and put forward suggestions for next steps – as part of the OECD Development Centre’s 60th Anniversary Dialogues.

The post How to build global resilience in a multi-crisis world – #DEVat60 Dialogues appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

India at the helm of the G20

5. Dezember 2022 - 15:20

By Ambassador Dr. Mohan Kumar, Professor and Dean of the Office of International Affairs & Global Initiatives, O.P. Jindal Global University

On 1 December, India assumed the presidency of the G20 for the first time.  This is a momentous event for India and for the G20, at a crucial time in the world.

The presidency offers both opportunities and challenges. Opportunities, because India can help set the global agenda, push for reconciliation/resolution of at least some of the global issues and finally, offer solutions to problems based on its own experience. Challenges, because the world is polarised, there are intractable problems at hand and unexpected ‘black swan’ events may emerge.

The post India at the helm of the G20 appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Three challenges threatening the multilateral development system and possible solutions

2. Dezember 2022 - 17:14

By Abdoulaye Fabregas, Economist, Jieun Kim, Policy Analyst, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, and Olivier Cattaneo, Head, Policy Analysis and Strategy Unit, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, and Adjunct Professor, Paris School of International Affairs in SciencesPo

Halfway into the implementation timeframe of Agenda 2030, the multilateral development system is under growing pressure, faced with the continued fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing war launched by Russia against Ukraine. The war has aggravated global inflationary pressures; food and energy prices are soaring, threatening the livelihoods of the most vulnerable. This week, the UN launched a record USD 51.5 billion humanitarian appeal for 2023. In this challenging context, our new report shows that the multilateral development system is confronting three paradoxes.

The post Three challenges threatening the multilateral development system and possible solutions appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Le numérique au service de l’éducation en Afrique de l’Ouest

1. Dezember 2022 - 15:41

Par Guy Mehou, Économiste Macro-Financier & Charles Millogo, Responsable de l‘Économie Numérique, La Banque Ouest Africaine de Développement (BOAD)

En Afrique subsaharienne, l’insuffisance de connectivité constitue encore un frein majeur au développement des systèmes éducatifs. L’accès à Internet dans les pays de l’Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) – estimé à 10.2 % au Niger et à 39.5 % au Sénégal – est en effet loin de la moyenne mondiale qui est à 56.7 % et des performances des pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes évaluées à 68.3 %. Aussi, non seulement posséder un ordinateur ou une tablette est réservé à un nombre limité, mais l’accès au réseau de communication électronique haut débit disponible et de qualité reste tout de même assez préoccupant.

The post Le numérique au service de l’éducation en Afrique de l’Ouest appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Can digitalisation spur growth and close gaps?

25. November 2022 - 15:24

By Welby Leaman, Senior Director Global Policy Strategy, Walmart, Ana Valero, Director of Public Affairs and Regulatory for Latin America, Telefónica and Amy Alvarez, AVP, International External and Regulatory Affairs, AT&T

As the shift towards digitalisation intensifies, closing digital gaps between and within countries is paramount to ensuring inclusive development. For this reason, beyond supporting connectivity, regulations should prioritise closing digital gaps across regions, businesses or socioeconomic groups, lowering the rural-urban divide and eliminating disparities linked to education and gender.

The post Can digitalisation spur growth and close gaps? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Why today’s debt crisis requires a different kind of thinking

24. November 2022 - 17:41

By David McNair, Executive Director for Global Policy at The ONE Campaign and Non-Resident Scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Daouda Sembane, CGD Distinguished Nonresident Fellow and/or AfriCatalyst CEO

African countries have more than doubled their debt stocks in the last decade. In an era of historically low interest rates that made sense, given the continent’s massive infrastructure needs, high security spending and rising social expenditure driven by a rapidly growing population. But that era is now over.

The post Why today’s debt crisis requires a different kind of thinking appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Growing green in Mozambique

23. November 2022 - 16:53

By Köeti Serôdio, Programme Manager Resilience (Humanitarian, Climate Action & Social Protection), Growing Green

Marta Uetela is a young Mozambican who is transforming the lives of people with disabilities. She founded the revolutionary green start-up BioMec, which developed the world’s first prosthetics and eco-wheelchairs made of recycled plastic marine litter.

Despite being the fifth most affected country by extreme weather over the past two decades, characterised by high levels of poverty and inequality and going through an armed conflict - Mozambique’s extraordinary resilience and determination is best expressed by its young, creative and determined population.  

Marta was able to grow her innovations through the financial, technical and mentoring support provided through Ireland’s Growing Green initiative. The initiative supports the identification, testing and promotion of local, low-cost, climate-sensitive and innovative solutions by enabling young entrepreneurs to grow their climate-positive businesses. It uses two funding strands: one supports trialling and testing ideas for small projects in their very early stages (the Head of Mission Fund); the other helps scale up promising initiatives that performed well and have sustainability and scalability potential (the Emerging Opportunities Fund).

The post Growing green in Mozambique appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How to close the gender care gap in Sub Saharan Africa

22. November 2022 - 16:23

By Madina M. Guloba, Development Economist and Senior Research Fellow at the Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC) in Kampala, Uganda

Due to gender bias and the patriarchal nature of many African economies, care work, especially unpaid, is considered a woman’s prerogative. This is often intertwined with negative social and cultural norms. In this context, is paternity leave a realistic solution to closing the gender care gap?

In my country, Uganda, the article 33 of the 1995 constitution codifies equal opportunities for women in the economic, social and political spheres, so that they can realise their full potential. It states that women have the right to affirmative action to redress the imbalances created by a history of sociocultural norms that undermine their status in society. Yet, it does not provide clear strategies for reducing the unpaid care workload at home and in workplaces

The post <strong>How to close the gender care gap in Sub Saharan Africa</strong> appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Scaling innovations to accelerate progress towards development and climate goals

21. November 2022 - 13:46

By Benjamin Kumpf, Head of OECD Innovation for Development Facility, Johannes F. Linn, Co-founder Scaling Up Community of Practice and Senior Fellow at Brookings Institution, and Parnika Jhunjhunwala, Junior Innovation Specialist at OECD Innovation for Development Facility

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C necessitates radical, quick and large-scale transformations, as echoed throughout the IPCC’s 1.5°C Special Report. The same is true for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. To achieve these transformations, we need disruptive, context-fitting, technological and social innovation, and to create incentives to ensure that once proven effective, innovations are scaled-up. Unfortunately, too many promising innovations fall into the ‘pilot project trap’ and fail to have an impact at the national, regional and global scales.

The post Scaling innovations to accelerate progress towards development and climate goals appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Four key practices for a more effective philanthropic sector

18. November 2022 - 15:47

By Larry Kramer, President, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

The past two years have changed the terrain on which philanthropy works, not least by bringing overdue recognition to persistent racial, gender, and wealth disparities. This, in turn, has served as a call to action for philanthropy and international development institutions to examine how our own practices have contributed to creating or perpetuating inequity. More importantly, it is a call to do something about it.

We have, at the same time, seen a massive infusion of new capital into philanthropy, a by-product of huge fortunes that have been made in recent years. These new resources offer an opportunity for philanthropy to change as well as grow. We need to create a new “normal”, one that does a better job at advancing the goals and aspirations we talk about but seldom achieve.

The post Four key practices for a more effective philanthropic sector appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Africa’s COP: Where does West Africa stand with respect to the global climate agenda?

17. November 2022 - 11:14

By Brilé Anderson, OECD Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat

The year’s COP27 is being called ‘Africa’s COP’. Even though African countries bear little responsibility for global emissions, they bear some of the harshest impacts. But far from being passive observers, they are active participants in the global climate agenda.

All 17 West African countries have submitted nationally determined contributions (NDCs) - their plans to cut emissions and adapt to climate change under the Paris Agreement. NDCs offer insights for participants at COP27 into the region’s ambition, financing needs and ability to implement.

The post Africa’s COP: Where does West Africa stand with respect to the global climate agenda? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

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