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Tackling data scarcity in developing countries through public-private partnerships

29. September 2022 - 15:19

By Mustafizur Rahman, Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), Bangladesh

Government agencies are the custodians of official data. They are in charge of reporting on national performance in SDG-related and other areas. However, in developing countries, lack of human resources, financial constraints and also lack of access to modern data generation tools often prevent agencies from producing the data countries need. In turn, without access to reliable data, policy makers struggle to take appropriate decisions and to assess and monitor progress of policy implementation.

Non-state actors, including think tanks, NGOs and the private sector, gather and produce significant amounts of information.  This trove of rich and useful data could serve as a powerful tool for policymakers to identify challenges, assess key variables, and quantify progress.

Can public-private partnerships be an effective means of addressing data gaps in developing countries?

The post Tackling data scarcity in developing countries through public-private partnerships appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Five ways to build resilience in Nigeria’s education system

15. September 2022 - 16:50

By Adedeji Adeniran, Director of Research at the Centre for the Study of the Economies of Africa (CSEA) and Thelma Obiakor, PhD Candidate at the London School of Economics and Political Science

Nigeria has the highest rate of out-of-school children, low literacy rates, and high inequalities between and within groups in terms of education access and learning outcomes. The pandemic further reduced school attendance by approximately 17%, particularly among adolescents aged 15 to 18, according to a working paper by Dessy et al. For many school-aged children, temporary school closures have become permanent.

Meanwhile, evidence suggests about half a year’s worth of learning loss on average across the country. In other African countries with data, the learning loss ranges from eight months (South Africa) to two years (Uganda).  

New thinking and innovations are required to rebuild Nigeria’s education system. Based on our research and practice in the sector, we have pinpointed five ways in which Nigeria’s education sector can achieve an inclusive recovery from the pandemic.

The post <strong>Five ways to build resilience in Nigeria’s education system</strong> appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Are emerging economies already engaging with Industry 4.0 technologies?

28. Juli 2022 - 15:30

By Michele Delera, UNU-MERIT, Carlo Pietrobelli, UNU-MERIT and University Roma Tre, and Elisa Calza and Alejandro Lavopa, UNIDO

There are many controversies among economists but one fact is undisputed: long-run productivity growth depends on the absorption and deployment of new technologies. Some estimates indicate that differences in technology diffusion account for a quarter of cross-country differences in per capita income. In the midst of a new Industrial Revolution driven by artificial intelligence, machine-to-machine communication, cloud computing and additive manufacturing, countries’ capacity to catch-up will likely depend on the speed with which they absorb these technologies. The implications for emerging economies are profound. New technologies may undermine the viability of labour-intensive development. Yet they may also open up new ways for developing countries to integrate in the global economy.

Are Industry 4.0 technologies already diffusing to lower-income economies? And, if so, what is driving their adoption?

The post Are emerging economies already engaging with Industry 4.0 technologies? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Trois pistes d’action concrètes pour combler les lacunes en matière de données sur le genre

27. Juli 2022 - 15:48

Par Deirdre Appel, Community Manager, Clearinghouse, PARIS21 et Fatoumata Ngom, Analyste des politiques, OCDE, Direction de la coopération pour le développement

Il est certes possible de mobiliser davantage de financements internationaux concessionnels pour les données sur le genre jusqu'en 2030. En un mot, les budgets doivent être substantiellement augmentés et dépensés de manière efficiente, compte tenu du manque global d'investissements dans les statistiques nationales. Toutefois, pour combler le manque de financement des données sur le genre, l'Aide publique au développement (APD) n'est qu'une partie de la solution. Tous les pays ont signé l'ODD 5 et sont responsables de la réalisation de cet objectif et de ses cibles, de sorte qu’une mobilisation efficace des budgets nationaux pour les statistiques de genre sera également primordiale. Il est grand temps de passer des plaidoyers et diagnostics à des actions tangibles permettant des investissements pour une égalité des sexes informée par les données.

(This post is also available in English)

The post Trois pistes d’action concrètes pour combler les lacunes en matière de données sur le genre appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Conflicts are becoming increasingly rural in North and West Africa

26. Juli 2022 - 17:09

By Steven M. Radil, U.S. Air Force Academy, Olivier Walther, University of Florida, Nicholas Dorward, University of Bristol, Matthew Pflaum, University of Florida and Marie Trémolières, Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC), OECD

The ruralisation of conflict has been particularly spectacular in the West African Sahel, although Jihadist organisations have maintained a complex relationship with cities. On the one hand, cities provide ideal conditions for Jihadist organisations to flourish due to their large population of unemployed youth (...)

On the other hand, controlling cities has become less important for Jihadist groups than in the early years of the insurgencies. Since the violence affecting West Africa has largely shifted from the Sahara to the Sahel and its southern margins, these groups do not have to physically control cities to influence civilians and have access to natural, mineral and agricultural resources.

The post Conflicts are becoming increasingly rural in North and West Africa appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Why we need to build trust and guarantee civic space to deal with global challenges    

25. Juli 2022 - 15:12

By Gabriela Keseberg Dávalos, Head of Communications, Southern Voice, and Rita da Costa, Senior Counsellor, OECD Development Centre

It is important that the international community treats civic space not only as critical for democracy but also for all aspects of life, including responding to crises. Strengthening regional and international human rights bodies such as the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the European Court of Human Rights and the African Court on Human and People’s Rights, boosts citizens' capacity to work together creatively to respond to challenges that arise.

The post Why we need to build trust and guarantee civic space to deal with global challenges     appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Shifting our approach on migration from security to development

22. Juli 2022 - 16:29

By Xavier Savard-Fournier, International migration specialist & Reporter and analyst of international affairs

The securitisation of migration – the inclusion of migration in the realm of security affairs – can be understood as the will to control who belongs ‘in’ and whom to keep ‘out’. Security-led migration narratives and policies against migrants are predicated on seeing “others”, often non-white [forced] migrants, as a threat to the cultural, economic, and security aspects of society. These biases do not take into account what such migrants can bring to the development of host societies and sending countries, including through remittances.

The post Shifting our approach on migration from security to development appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Spiralling gender inequality is not inevitable: here’s how we can fix it

21. Juli 2022 - 13:27

By Gabriela Bucher, Executive Director, Oxfam International

The more we listen to women’s rights leaders across the world, the harder it is to ignore the reality that we have been witnessing profound and staggering setbacks to gender equality.

Despite the huge progress we have made, it was already tragic that it would take an estimated 99 years to achieve gender equality. This has now been set back by a generation in the wake of the pandemic, to 135 years.

Women the world over have faced an ignored pandemic of increased gender-based violence.  Nearly 1 in 2 women have reported that they or a woman they know faced violence during the pandemic. Over eleven million girls may not go back to school after the pandemic.

Around the world, women are bearing a heavier load of unpaid care work – estimated even before the pandemic at 12.5 billion hours each day. This free labour keeps societies running but traps women at the bottom of the global economy.

The post Spiralling gender inequality is not inevitable: here’s how we can fix it appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Sri Lankans are crying for food, fuel and a government they can trust: The world needs to listen

20. Juli 2022 - 13:28

By Elizabeth Holbourne, Speechwriter and Editor, OECD Development Centre

Since the unfolding of the economic crisis in March, young middle-class Sri Lankan professionals who have seen their purchasing power vanish, students, families and people desperate for change, have taken to the streets, taking part in largely peaceful demonstrations. Sri Lanka’s protests (#GotaGoGama) calling on the government to address the endemic corruption that has plagued the country for decades have prompted mass resignations and forced the president to resign and flee the country.

People want food and fuel but they also want justice, accountability and good governance. The next government must listen. So should the rest of the world.

The post Sri Lankans are crying for food, fuel and a government they can trust: The world needs to listen appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Three ways to close the gender data gap

18. Juli 2022 - 17:24

By Deirdre Appel, Clearinghouse Community Manager, PARIS21 and Fatoumata Ngom, Policy Analyst, OECD, Development Co-operation Directorate

Less than half the data needed to monitor SDG 5, “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls”, is available. Gender data are about much more than sex-disaggregated data. According to the UN Statistics Division, they include data that affect women and girls exclusively or primarily, they span a wide range of socio-economic issues, and they provide meaningful insight into differences in wellbeing across women and men, and girls and boys. Failing to capture and measure gender issues with sound and timely data when designing policies, leaves the most vulnerable further behind. More and better gender data contribute to more equitable and gender-informed policy, all of which contribute to sustainable economic prosperity for all.

The post Three ways to close the gender data gap appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Le potentiel de la protection sociale en faveur des personnes déplacées de force

8. Juli 2022 - 17:23

La politique de protection sociale doit être adaptée pour soutenir les personnes déplacées de force. Cela peut avoir pour effet de réduire les coûts, car les personnes déplacées de force contribuent au financement de l'assurance sociale et au système fiscal plus large du pays d'accueil. Cela ne peut toutefois pas se faire du jour au lendemain. Les systèmes publics de protection sociale des pays à revenu faible ou moyen peuvent avoir du mal à inclure rapidement des bénéficiaires supplémentaires (les déplacés de force), à moins que le système ne soit développé, suffisamment souple et doté de ressources adéquates.

The post Le potentiel de la protection sociale en faveur des personnes déplacées de force appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

The expanding threat to food security in least developed countries

5. Juli 2022 - 17:41

The number of severely food insecure people across the world is estimated to have doubled in the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic to 276 million. This number is expected to reach 323 million in 2022 due to the war in Ukraine. Least developed countries (LDCs) are particularly exposed to this crisis within a crisis: data from the Food and Agriculture Organization indicates more than 251 million people in LDCs are severely food insecure.

What makes LDCs particularly vulnerable to food insecurity?

The post The expanding threat to food security in least developed countries appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

A new global economic diversification index

1. Juli 2022 - 14:52

Economic diversification – a key to addressing economic risks, macroeconomic stability, volatile economic growth and sustainable development issues – has become an everyday term in the policy lexicon of natural resource dependent countries. Although many diversification policies have been implemented over the past several decades, there has been little effort to assess if they have been successful. The majority of existing research focuses on trade diversification.

The post A new global economic diversification index appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

The potential of social protection for forcibly displaced people

28. Juni 2022 - 12:00

Policy on social protection should be adapted to support forcibly displaced people. This can help reduce costs as the forcibly displaced people begin to contribute to social insurance and the broader fiscal system of the host country. This cannot happen overnight, however. Government social protection systems in low- and middle- income countries may find it hard to rapidly include additional (forcibly displaced) beneficiaries, unless the system is mature, flexible enough and adequately resourced.

The post The potential of social protection for forcibly displaced people appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How Graduation can complement social protection for women in extreme poverty

27. Juni 2022 - 16:28

The Graduation approach is more complex than a singularly focused social protection or jobs intervention. It is costlier and harder - albeit demonstrably possible - to scale. It can also be cost-effective - but not for everyone. In the 20 years our community has been implementing, evaluating, and evolving Graduation, we found that these programmes are most transformative and cost-effective for women of working age who live in extreme poverty, because they have the working capacity, but lacked the skills, and financial and social capital to enter into productive livelihoods. 

The post How Graduation can complement social protection for women in extreme poverty appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Working together on global supply chains can help prevent climate disaster

23. Juni 2022 - 16:29

Climate change is a global problem that needs global solutions. It is not just about implementing environmental and climate policies in developed countries. We have to be aware of the risk that companies in these countries could move carbon-intensive production to countries with a less strict approach.
For decarbonisation to be effective, we need a regulatory regime that sets appropriate standards, tracks progress and performance against those standards, and establishes a transparent mechanism for reporting emissions and avoiding “greenwashing”.

The post Working together on global supply chains can help prevent climate disaster appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How women African entrepreneurs can overcome the “beauty pageant problem”

21. Juni 2022 - 15:04

In the beauty pageant problem, the pageant judges believe that their job is not to vote for the most attractive contestant, but rather the contestant they think the other judges will find attractive. When the pageant is done, everyone agrees that the winner is not really the most attractive contestant, but rather the most similar to the contestants who have won before. (...) Many, although not all, mainstream start-up investors approach investing like judges in the beauty pageant problem. Even when they see inherent potential in great, underrepresented founders, they discount that potential because they don’t think the other judges will see it. They believe that the biases of the past will control outcomes in the future.

The post How women African entrepreneurs can overcome the “beauty pageant problem” appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Why it is time to invest in African entrepreneurs

17. Juni 2022 - 17:26

One of the biggest challenges Africa will face is creating jobs for young people. The African Development bank estimates that 10 to 12 million young Africans join the labour force every year, where they find just 3 million formal jobs. While entrepreneurship is not the panacea for Africa’s socio-economic challenges, it most certainly is a lever for turning a potential disaster into a promising dividend.

The post Why it is time to invest in African entrepreneurs appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english