Sie sind hier


Newsfeed OECD abonnieren OECD
Discussions on development opportunities and challenges
Aktualisiert: vor 23 Stunden 43 Minuten

A package deal: why we need to invest in safe and clean mobility

17. Mai 2022 - 17:45

The twin scourges of air pollution and road traffic accidents disproportionately affect the most vulnerable populations. Road traffic crashes are the leading killer of children and young adults between the ages of 5 and 29. An estimated 93% of children under 15 breathe densely polluted air, which jeopardises their development. For example, in Thailand which has the 9th highest rate of road traffic fatalities in the world, over 400 schools were closed for several days in Bangkok in 2019 and 2020 due to severe smog. In Beijing, China, lack of clean air stopped outdoor activities and prevented children from playing outside with their friends in 2013. And despite the evident link between vehicle emission and pollution, 25.5 million cars had been newly registered in China by 2019., with the numbers increasing every year.

The post A package deal: why we need to invest in safe and clean mobility appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Closing the municipal finance gap for migrants and refugees

16. Mai 2022 - 15:58

The lack of municipal financing for migrants and refugees not only strains cities’ capacity to provide for growing populations of marginalised residents, but also blocks a critical opportunity for international and national actors to leverage city governments as actors worthy of investment.

The post Closing the municipal finance gap for migrants and refugees appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Three thoughts on the graduating Commonwealth LDCs          

11. Mai 2022 - 16:48

The recent experience of a significant number of least developed countries (LDCs) graduating from that category has generated a certain level of interest in the development discourse. The Commonwealth Secretariat's latest report is a welcome addition to that. It presents a cogent picture of the accomplishments and challenges that the 14 Commonwealth LDCs have experienced over the past decade. Five of these LDCs, Bangladesh, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Zambia, are poised to graduate in this decade.

The post Three thoughts on the graduating Commonwealth LDCs           appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Collateral damage? The Russia-Ukraine conflict and energy transitions in Least Developed Countries

28. April 2022 - 17:47
The Russia-Ukraine conflict has sent international prices for energy, food and fertilizer soaring. The world’s Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have been particularly badly affected: Somalia, Benin, Laos, Sudan, Congo and Senegal are directly dependent on Russia and Ukraine for two-thirds or more of their wheat imports. The doubling of fertilizer costs in countries such as Ethiopia that are simultaneously ravaged by drought and conflict augurs badly for local efforts to bolster domestic production in the short term. Today’s geopolitical tensions also spell trouble for long-term resilience in the face of climatic shocks and further undermine the prospects, already tenuous before February 2022, for successful energy transitions in LDCs.
Kategorien: english

Towards gender-inclusive industrialisation in a post-pandemic world

26. April 2022 - 12:53
Between 2019 and 2020, average women’s labour-force participation in emerging and developing economies fell by 6.1% - a decline that was 50% higher than for men. Even more dramatic was the decline in the employment-to-population ratio for women, which fell by 7.8%. The deterioration of gender equality in labour markets is highly concerning and threatens to compromise achieved and future progress towards Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5, turning the short-term effects of the pandemic into long-term consequences for women. Industrial policies should aim at ‘building forward better’ by addressing the risk of reversing progress made on social and inclusiveness indicators, such as SDG 5. The post-COVID-19 scenario offers opportunities for a more gender-inclusive industrial development, which could be achieved through guiding principles for industrial policy.
Kategorien: english

Time for a UN agreement on carbon pricing

20. April 2022 - 15:24
Carbon pricing is crucial for meeting climate change goals. It has two positive effects. First, it generates an incentive for private actors to take production or consumption decisions consistent with global goals. And second, depending on how it is designed, it can also provide revenues for the public sector. These revenues can be used to finance public sector investments that contribute to mitigating or adapting to climate change, either at home or in support of developing countries.
Kategorien: english

Why intersectional feminism matters for development

13. April 2022 - 16:42
Intersectional feminism has two overarching applications in development. At the micro level, it allows us to explore individual identity, and to identify and react to the ways in which different characteristics affect people and their needs. We are able to dive deeper into the ways that gender, in particular, interacts with race, ethnicity, religion, social norms, economic status, employment, education, environmental action, (dis)ability, age, political affiliation and participation, and more.
Kategorien: english

Doing climate adaptation better

11. April 2022 - 16:03
Many countries and international agencies have endorsed principles for locally-led climate adaptation, but will they help the most vulnerable communities in the most vulnerable developing countries?  
Kategorien: english

Support to Ukrainian refugees and official development assistance

8. April 2022 - 17:08
In the first week of the Ukraine war, roughly 6,000 people crossed the border into neighbouring countries every hour. This sort of displacement is unprecedented in modern day Europe. At the time of writing, two thirds of Ukraine’s refugees, mostly women and children, are hosted by Poland, Hungary and the Slovak Republic. These three Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors account for just under 1% of total official development assistance (ODA) for all DAC members combined. Now that they have become the scene of the biggest refugee crisis in Europe, how will other countries help Poland, Hungary and the Slovak Republic, which are DAC members, but also Moldova, which is an ODA recipient, and Romania?
Kategorien: english

The IMF and the capital account: Another step forward but still out of step

7. April 2022 - 17:21
Last week, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) took another step forward in recognising that regulating international capital flows is important to maintain financial stability. However, the IMF’s new policy change is still not fully in step with the policies needed to manage the capital account volatility that emerging and developing countries face. 
Kategorien: english

Covid-19 vaccines and official development assistance

6. April 2022 - 14:49
When scientists announced the discovery of a Covid-19 vaccine, the world sighed with relief. But soon after, many people around the globe discovered that others would get access to jabs faster than them. The sad term ‘vaccine inequality’ was coined. Only 6% of people are fully vaccinated in low-income countries today. In a bid to fill the gaps and curb the pandemic, there were calls for high-income countries to share and donate vaccine doses to developing countries, in particular through the COVAX Facility – the multilateral mechanism for providing developing countries with vaccines.
Kategorien: english

New approaches to development

4. April 2022 - 11:31
2022 will be a year of new approaches to development, in particular new financing models and revitalising development motivation. The main reason why there is a lack of motivation for development is the lack of belief or trust in the existing economic infrastructure in many developing countries of the world. That is why building self-confidence is indispensable to accelerate development, starting with the least developed economies.
Kategorien: english

What the Russia-Ukraine war means for Bangladesh’s economy

31. März 2022 - 15:45
Since the war between Russia and Ukraine began on February 24, 2022, the global economy has entered a new terrain of uncertainty. The war-induced challenges have surfaced on various fronts. With global economic integration, a crisis of such nature, which involves a country like Russia, is bound to impact other economies.[2]
Kategorien: english

The European way: policy first for the people

21. März 2022 - 15:44
“Policy first” is an emerging concept in the European Union’s (EU) external action and development co-operation. The idea is that shared policies and political priorities between the EU, EU Member States and partner countries should guide the EU’s external action and development co-operation, as opposed to former approaches more driven   by  the legal and administrative aspects of external financial instruments rather than policy.
Kategorien: english

Resilient state-building: A new approach for the hardest places

18. März 2022 - 15:29
Over a decade ago, the OECD’s group of donor countries declared that state-building was the central objective for good international engagement to support fragile contexts. Despite its importance, partners have struggled to outline an effective approach to state-building, often defaulting to short-term projects and scattered technical assistance to address systemic breakdowns in institutions, markets and social contracts. This has contributed to highly uneven results and missed opportunities in diverse fragile contexts, including Haiti, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Liberia and Libya.
Kategorien: english

How can Africa benefit from the private sector’s growing interest in climate finance?

17. März 2022 - 18:12
Rich countries have not only polluted their way to prosperity, but their economic model is also premised on the over-consumption of the world’s resources and high emissions per capita. Africa is the last frontier; it can be the continent that shows the world it is possible to develop and thrive in a green, sustainable and inclusive way.
Kategorien: english

How Africa can move up the value-chain

10. März 2022 - 16:59
African countries currently do not have a competitive advantage in backward-participating production sectors. Additionally, the size of these sectors is not significant when compared with Africa’s primary-producing sectors.
Kategorien: english

How data can help migrants

8. März 2022 - 16:33
Actors across sectors are experimenting with new data innovations to improve decision-making on migration and fill gaps in official statistics and traditional data sources. Non-traditional data, including privately held information, can complement traditional data sources that are not always timely or sufficient.
Kategorien: english

A faster path to digital transformation in Latin America

2. März 2022 - 14:32
Covid-19 put in stark relief the urgent need for accelerated digitalisation around the world. The good news is that so many people stepped up to meet this challenge. In many parts of the private sector, digital rollout that business executives thought would take years was achieved in weeks or even days, as customers’ digital adoption soared. Latin America was no exception to this phenomenon: in mid-March 2020, internet traffic increased by more than 40% practically overnight. The robustness of telecommunications infrastructure in the region – built by decades of investment – and the flexibility of many Latin American governments during the pandemic, were among the factors that facilitated this transition.
Kategorien: english

Can the African Continental Free Trade Area drive Africa’s automotive industry?

28. Februar 2022 - 16:28
With a large and growing middle class, Africa has huge potential as an automotive market. Vehicle ownership rates across the continent are low, at just 45 per 1 000 persons compared with a global rate of 203 per 1 000. Even more striking is the low level of production: the continent accounts for less than 1% of global vehicle output. Outside South Africa and Morocco, production is minimal: most small national  markets are supplied by imports, consisting mainly of used cars shipped primarily from Europe, Japan and the US.
Kategorien: english