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Civil20 to Visit Grassroot Communities and Handover Communique to President Joko Widodo in Bali Summit

27. September 2022 - 19:29

Being connected to the grassroots communities and hearing the voice of youth is once in a blue moon. Therefore, C20 realized it into C20 Summit People Caravan, where young activists, influencers, media, and representatives from seven Working Groups will visit, dialogue, and engage with the local CSOs on C20 priority issues. It kicked off from Jakarta on September 27, 2022 to visit Cirebon, Yogyakarta, Banyuwangi, and will end in C20 Bali Summit on October 3, 2022 to share their aspirations in front of the G20 leaders.

“The caravan aims to recognize the role of local CSOs so that their voices can be heard before the C20 Summit on October 5-7, 2022. We will also schedule a handover to the C20 India Presidency to maintain continuity and sustainability of the advocacy work to the G20, “said Ah Maftuchan, C20 Sherpa, at the C20 Pre-Summit Media Briefing on September 26, 2022.

All civil society organizations and grassroots communities worldwide will witness the key political event, which is handing over the Policy Pack (policy recommendations) and Communique (political statement) to the President Joko Widodo of the Republic of Indonesia at the C20 Summit. Around 300 participants representing Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) across the world have registered and are expected to participate in several parallel side events and plenary sessions during the meeting. With a message of ‘Voicing and Realizing a Just Recovery for All’, C20 calls G20 to realize recovery in a just manner throughout the world.

A number of high-ranking officials are scheduled to attend the meeting, namely the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Airlangga Hartarto, Minister of Finance, Sri Mulyani, Minister of Health of the Republic Indonesia, Budi Gunadi Sadikin, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Retno Marsudi, Minister of Energy, Natural Resource, and Mineral, Arifin Tasrif, as well as next year’s G20 leading country representative, Minister of Finance of the Republic of India, Smt Nirmala Sitharaman.

“C20 has been working for more than eight months in formulating recommendations at the Indonesian and international levels. In the final round, we will present the work results at the C20 Summit in solutions, accountability, and new demands that have not been adopted. The Summit will become a forum for the C20 to unite amid diversity which resulted in many recommendations before the G20 summit in November,” said Sugeng Bahagijo, C20 Chair, in his welcoming remarks.

Maftuchan also stressed that C20 facilitates G20 countries and non-G20 countries to speak up about what is most important to the G20. No one should be left behind, for example, don’t let digital technology advances only favor the rich. “If the problem is not resolved, then the G20 should form a new Working Group. If the issue is considered important, the G20 needs to create one new facility funded by them. If we need one policy change, the G20 leaders should agree to it,”

A brief testimony for the G20 Indonesia Presidency, he opined that the G20 has relatively maintained inclusivity for all engagement groups. “We have the opportunity to speak out and G20 also attended the C20 Policy Dialogue Meeting. The finance track process in Indonesia’s presidency is quite open. C20 requested that FIF governance be more inclusive and reflective of a multi-stakeholder approach so that C20 representatives could be in the FIF governing body. We proposed periodic monitoring of the G20 to be carried out annually, but it resulted that it will be carried out every four years. We have made efforts to influence the work of the G20,”

Finally, C20 asks the G20 to stop the political contestation. Otherwise, society will be disappointed.

Writer: Sita Mellia
Contact: sitamellia01@gmail.com

C20 to the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting G20 Indonesia Presidency

14. September 2022 - 12:08

After reviewing the priority issues on the Labour and Employment, C20 call on the concrete steps to turn the commitment into the real actions to solve the current global labour and employment issues.

The labour market landscape around the world is changing , due to digital transformation, the impact of COVID-19 Pandemic, natural disaster, conflicts, wars and global recession, the G20 need to create more job opportunities especially for persons with disabilities, women, youth, migrants, undocumented workers in both land and sea-based sectors.

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The Precariat amid Crisis, How Would the G20 Respond This?

13. September 2022 - 17:00

Having the opportunity to intervene at the G20 Labor Employment Ministerial Meeting on September 13-14, C20 SDGs and Humanitarian Working Group held the G20 LEMM Side Event meeting in Bali, September 12, 2022, themed ‘G20, Crises, and the Precariat’ to strengthen concrete recommendations to the G20.

This event aims to discuss the issue of the precariat, vulnerable workers, domestic workers, and migrant workers affected by Covid-19. “We note that although in 2014 the G20 was committed to realizing the principle of non-discrimination against women and other workers, only 3 out of 20 member countries have ratified the ILO Conventions. So, the G20’s commitment to realizing decent work deserves to be questioned,” said Wahyu Susilo, a member of SDGs and Humanitarian WG.

Wahyu also revealed that C20 used to advocate for human trafficking, but the space is limited while the cases continuously increase. “The ironic case is that of workers case in the UK. Both countries, the victims and recipient country, are from G20 member countries. So, I hope this side event will produce concrete formulations that we will intervene at the G20 Labor Employment Ministerial Meeting,” he continued.

Chair of C20 Sugeng Bahagijo explained that this event is one example that C20 has ideas, enthusiasm, and has proposed solutions. He stressed that CSOs are not doing good for themselves, but C20 is trying to articulate or defend a better world for citizens. “C20 has one job, namely how to promote and articulate CSOs’ concerns both in the global south as well as in the global north,”

Although this is not an easy task, Sugeng is optimistic as many of the results of C20 engagements have begun to be adopted. “As an illustration, the process of policy formation at the G20 leaders is now in its second round. Policy recommendation documents have now been entered at the ministerial level. Furthermore, these documents will be processed one more level into a G20 leaders document and will be ratified in November,”

“The challenge now is how the solutions that the CSOs have voiced can be included in the document and agreed at the ministerial level and the level of the G20 leaders,” he reminded the audience. One of them which SDGs and Humanitarian Working Group frequently voice is lowering the cost of remittances from 12-13% to 6% and also social security for migrant workers.

Indian speaker Beem Reddy Mandha also briefly talked about the condition in India that the Covid-19 pandemic caused most of Asian workers, including Indians, to be sent back to their home countries. He proposed that every sending country or country of origin should have its policies or fund mechanism for the emergency return, like the fund mechanism for disaster management, and they have to rescue the migrant workers who return to their home country as migrant workers have contributed to the state’s economy by sending remittances.

Within the remaining time until the G20 Summit in November, instead of being pessimistic, an advisor to Migrant Care, Indri DS Saptaningrum, has seen good engagement with the labor ministry of Indonesia, who let EWG discussions at the ministerial level. She believes the government will welcome some additional input or proposed tax to strengthen the agenda.

Indrasari Tjandraningsih from AKATIGA Bandung said that some companies consider skill development as a cost instead of an investment, which causes no significant increase in employment. As skilled workers today could be regarded as precariat, she proposed that skill development or re-skilling should be one of the investment requirements.

Writer: Sita Mellia
Contact: sitamellia01@gmail.com

Civil 20: It’s Time for Being Concrete, No More Principled Policy Recommendations

1. September 2022 - 15:30

One month right after delivering recommendations to the G20—so-called Policy Dialogue—Civil 20 conducted a Round-table Expert Discussion on August 30 and 31, 2022, in Jakarta to strengthen policy recommendations—C20 Policy Pack & Communique—to be handed over to G20 leaders at C20 Summit 2022.

“The policy pack and communique are not solely made from this round-table meeting, but they are also as result from the process of policy dialogue to the G20, working groups’ finalization, and the one-on-one interaction process between C20 Steering Committee-International Advisory Committee and C20 seven working groups transparently and dialogically, which is conducted today, on the first day of the meeting,” said Olisias Gultom, one of the policy pack team.

The meeting aims to check on how cohesive, attractive, sharp, and concrete C20 Policy Pack & Communique to be read by the G20 leaders. “Broadly speaking, the C20 Indonesia Presidency is trying to formulate a concrete policy recommendation that goes beyond principles. We hope that the C20 can deliver more operational policy options,” said C20 Sherpa Ah Maftuchan on the second day of the meeting.

Due to these days’ situation, Maftuchan said that C20 indeed focuses on pandemics, health, and just energy transition as we are currently in a climate crisis. Besides, fair, equitable, and affordable access to digital technology is critical to encourage the fulfillment of education for all and to support the economic development of citizens such as MSMEs.

C20 also encourages a more equitable financial system with recommendations as the followings:

  1. Tax reform, which taxes the super-rich to pay more taxes.
  2. Allowing multinational companies to pay taxes to be more compliant with a minimum rate of 25% for corporate taxes.
  3. Scheduling debt for developing countries and allocating debt to overcome the health and climate crises.
  4. A responsible financial business by banking and insurance institutions following the principles of protecting the environment and social conditions of society.

Finally, Ah Maftuchan hopes that the G20 leaders can accept the policy pack and communique at the C20 Summit on October 5-7, 2022 and recognize it as one of the adopted policy options.

Writer: Sita Mellia
Contact: sitamellia01@gmail.com

Beware of Climate Change! C20 Urges G20 Utilities to Adapt Faster, Learn Faster, and Implement Solution Faster

30. August 2022 - 13:24

August 29, 2022 was a decisive momentum for helping the world be on track with the 1.5 pathway of the Paris Agreement as Civil 20 purposely rounded up strategic panelists for a discussion called ‘The Role of G20 Power Utilities in Climate Mitigation Efforts’ in Courtyard by Mariott, Nusa Dua, Bali.

            Panelists such as Darmawan Prasodjo, the Director of Indonesia’s State-owned PT PLN (Perusahaan Listrik Negara), Youngjin Chae, the Vice President of Strategy and Planning from the Republic of Korea’s KPX (Korea Power Exchange), Federico Lopez de Alba, the Manager of Mexico’s CFE (Comisión Federal de Electricidad), and Dennis Volk, Germany’s BNetZa (Bundesnetzagentur), gathered to share plans on climate mitigation.

            The discussion explored how to generate energy more efficiently and implement measures to the expansion planning, including analyzing energy storage, expansion of renewable and low-carbon energy systems, clean industrial development, grid integration, and energy efficiency. In terms of financing, the energy transition also requires new projects and investments.

            Keynote speaker Phillipe Benoit, Adjunct Senior Research Scholar, enter on Global Energy Policy, Columbia University, delivered  that state-owned power companies (SPCs) are key to resilience on climate change mitigations or adaptation, “whether we think of mitigation, whether we think of adaptation, the ‘who’ is SPCs, and that we need to take into account,”

            As economic development immensely impacts to the environment, Sous Sherpa C20 Risnawati Utami Richard delivered points to note, “Due to the unsafe energy production, it’s time for G20 countries and stakeholder and energy business production have to involve civil society organizations to balance the environmental justice into a collective action to mitigate climate change in response to all kind of natural disaster that currently happen in the world,”

            The event was also enlivened by her critical question, “Who will be the most affected, if there are any natural disasters because of climate change? There are persons with disabilities, elder people, women and children and other indigenous people and other marginalized groups that will affect the worst situation of climate change,”

More concretely, she captured evidence of the current situation in the pacific because of  extreme weather. “There are persons with disabilities who are not normally considered for preparedness and responses activities to the various barriers they encounter in which include accessibility to information, services, and infrastructure, less of assistive devices and technology, support services, social protection, discriminatory procedure, and community-based inclusive development which limits their effective participations and humanitarian work and even in accessing relief program, this is not a good sign, at all,” she emphasized.

            At the end of the session, C20 Co-chair Fabby Tumiwa gave clarity of challenges faced by utility, “Utility today, in my understanding, is facing very various challenges. Utility deals with five key issues. One of the key issues is climate change, and we need to know that climate change brings challenges for utility to operate. The problem of climate change needs to be addressed because every utility now has to plan to reach net-zero emission by the middle of this century,” he said.

Lastly, he hopes this conversation can continue and calls G20 utilities to conduct skill-sharing so that they can adapt faster, learn faster, and implement the solution faster.

Writer : Sita Mellia
Contact : sitamellia01@gmail.com

C20 Encourages G20 to Maximize the Flexibility of TRIPS

22. August 2022 - 9:05

Two months remaining to the C20 Summit 2022, C20 Sherpa Ah Maftuchan and VAHWG Coordinator Agung Prakoso presented critical points to note related to Financial Intermediary Fund (FIF) during C20 Korea Forum’s online seminar called ‘Towards the G20 Leaders’ Summit and C20 Summit 2022: 2022 C20 Korea Forum – Vaccine Access and Global Health’ on August 19, 2022.

Co-hosted by Korea NGO Council for Overseas Development Cooperation (KCOC), Korean Advocates for Global Health (KAGH), Global Fund Advocates Network Asia-Pacific (GFAN AP), Korean Society of Global Health, and C20 Vaccine Access and Global Health Working Group, this event was conducted hybrid from Seoul, South Korea with forty-five online participants.

            Ah Maftuchan and Agung Prakoso were the two out of five speakers on C20 Major Agenda and International Health Priorities, moderated by Dr. Ahn Dongil, the Professor of Yonsei University and the former Director of WHO WPRO.

            Warmly welcoming the discussion from Indonesia, Agung explained the main issues that became a concern for the C20 VAHWG related to the Financial Intermediary Fund (FIF) for Pandemic Prevention, Preparedness, and Respond (PPPR) Mechanism and the Expansion of the Manufacturing Hub and Research.

He stated the importance of FIF transparency and accountability through the representation of developing countries and civil society organizations in their governing body. This is following the priority issue of C20 VAHWG, which is an inclusive Global Health Architecture.

G20’s initiative to expand the manufacturing and research hub must also be accompanied by alleviating the main barrier to manufacturing, namely Intellectual Property. Therefore, C20 VAHWG encourages G20 countries to commit to maximizing the flexibility of TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) to promote this. In addition, C20 VAHWG expressed their disappointment at the failure of the TRIPS Waiver negotiations which should have been the main avenue for the expansion of the Manufacturing Hub.

            Lastly, Ah Maftuchan urges Korean CSOs to advocate vaccine access, FIF, and health reformation in their state so that the Korean government could bring C20 recommendations to the G20 forum. He also gladly announced and invited all participants to join the upcoming C20 Summit on October 5-7, 2022 in Bali, Indonesia.

writers:
Sita Mellia
contact : sitamellia@gmail.com

Vaccine Access & Global Health WorkingGroup Statement

19. August 2022 - 6:54

G20 must avoid the equity failures that are we still facing two years into COVID-19 and ensure that we have sustained and proactive investments in research, development, and delivery of medical
countermeasures that are critical to responding effectively to the medical needs of the most
vulnerable. This investment must also be ustainable and predictable, with clear priority given to open approaches and areas most likely to be neglected by the market.

Learning from the Past and Building on Existing Mechanisms: Key lessons must be drawn from challenges related to the implementation of the Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility (PEF) of the World Bank so that costly mistakes are never repeated. In addition, the G20 has to build on existing responses, infrastructure and lessons learned from existing mechanism.

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C20 Urges G20 to Stop Prioritizing Profit Over Humanity

18. August 2022 - 6:52

In response to the upcoming 3rd G20 Health Working Group Meeting, C20 Vaccine Access and Global Health Working Group (VAHWG) performed a meeting themed “Ensuring Access to Health and Covid-19 Tools through G20: End the Inequalities, Build Stronger Mechanism” from 11th to 13th of August 2022 in the Ashley Hotel, Jakarta to consolidate and finalize recommendations to the G20, particularly in the issue of vaccine access.

VAHWG Coordinators Agung Prakoso, Rachel Ong, and Daniel Marguari were among the thirty-five participants who attended in person. While Angela Taneja and other forty participants joined online. The first day of the meeting discussed vaccine access, challenges, and financing. Access on ARV and TB drugs in Indonesia, trips and access to medicine, and ensuring access and technology in therapeutic post Covid-19 were also discussed on the second day. The event was finished by a press conference on the third day.

In this meeting, C20 emphasized that all needs for prevention, containment, and treatment related to COVID-19 and all other health must become public goods and free from profit interests. For this reason, G20 countries need to be serious in providing for all the needs of the COVID-19 pandemic by placing the principle of people’s safety above profit interests. Pharmaceutical companies still monopolize, especially all the needs of COVID-19 through various intellectual property protection rules that make poor and developing countries unable to produce their own needs even though they have adequate manufacturing capacity.

C20 delivered that if the Indonesian government wants to expand manufacturing, intellectual property barriers must also be overcome. After the failure of the TRIPS Waiver negotiations at the 12th WTO Ministerial Conference, initiatives to overcome intellectual property barriers can be encouraged through maximizing the flexibility of TRIPS, including compulsory licensing and technology transfer. Manufacturing improvement can also be encouraged through continuous collaboration and collaboration outside big pharma’s domination.

Financial Intermediary Fund (FIF) has become one of the concerning issues by C20 as FIF was agreed as financing for Prevention, Preparedness, and Response to Covid-19 pandemic. C20 urges transparency, inclusivity and accountability in the governance of these mechanisms. According to KOMPAS (2022/07/26), Sherpa of C20 Ah Maftuchan said that global funding commitments must be sustainable. Moreover, in the long run, the coverage is not only targeting G20 countries, but all countries in the world.

“To have a good impact, we propose that civil society organizations be involved in FIF governance, whether as a board member or supervisor group. Ideally, the CSO’s representatives have voting rights as well since they participate in the governance body of FIF. The G20 Leaders must keep the engagement and inclusion approach in the process and governance because it will be helping to ensure the equal benefits among citizens and stakeholders globally,” said Maftuchan at the Joint-discussion of C20 Vaccine Access and Global Health and SDGs & Humanitarian Working Group on July 26, 2022.

He recalled it on the first day of the meeting, “It is our challenge for today, and we should make some new efforts on how we reach our colleagues globally. For example, to push the G20 to open the governance of FIF for CSO representatives,”

Aired live on the Civil 20 YouTube channel, Agung appreciated the G20 Health Working Group who will conduct the 3rd meeting entitled ‘Expanding Manufacturing and Research Hub on Vaccine Diagnostic and Therapeutic’ on August 22-23, 2022. He on the one hand opined that expanding manufacturing is not easy.

“We appreciate the Government of Indonesia for bringing the manufacturing expansion initiative to the needs of Covid-19 through the G20. But, we remind you that this is not easy. Some developed countries in the G20 reject the TRIPS Waiver proposal, which can overcome intellectual property barriers for COVID products. For this reason, we must be firm, especially urging developed countries in the G20 to commit to humanity and stop prioritizing profit over humanity,” said Agung Prakoso, one of C20 VAHWG Coordinators.

Lanz Espacio, C20 member of the People’s Vaccine Alliance Asia, confirmed that Big Pharma like Pfizer, BioNTech, and Moderna actually make more than 4 million dollars in one hour just from vaccine profits. Yet more than 100 billion dollars of public funds have been invested into pharmaceutical companies for the development and production of vaccines.

            Lastly, Daniel Marguari, one of VAHWG Coordinators, sharply stated that the G20 momentum is the right momentum for the Government to re-engage with civil society. “With time remaining before the G20 Summit, we ask that our voices be heard by the G20, given the opportunity to speak in the discussion and implemented well by the G20 countries,”

writers: Ah Maftuchan, Agung Prakoso, Sita Mellia

C20 Chair: Open Government Needs to Enlarge Its Scale and Strengthen Its Commitment

9. August 2022 - 18:13

In the 3rd Side Event of the G20 Development Working Group Meeting, ‘Mainstreaming Open Government Values ​​in Governance and Sustainable Development’ on August 9, 2022, the Chair of C20 Indonesia delivered what should be improved on open government as an initiative to promote the quality of relations between civil society and government.

Sugeng Bahagijo, who also served as a civil society member of the Open Government Partnership Steering Committee, considered that Open Government is desirable and very doable. He said that from an ordinary perspective, the open government seems to be limiting, but actually, the limit is advantageous. 

“In sociology, it is called a beneficial constraint, the open government is a bit limiting if seen from an ordinary point of view, but it will provide great benefits for the citizens, for the quality of institutions, and change what has been exclusive to be inclusive,” he said.

More concretely, he gave an interesting example of how Taiwan, a nonmember of Open Government, succeeded in providing a direct impact through an online consultation called vTaiwan, an online-offline consultation which brings together government ministries, elected representatives, scholars, experts, business leaders, civil society organizations, and citizens. 

“One of the interesting results is how the Taiwan government regulates or manages Uber’s operations in Taiwan. It resulted that the residents finally agreed that 1) Uber employees should be considered workers, not partners, and 2) other standards for consumers’ safety and protection. That’s an interesting example of the direct impact and the direct benefit,”

He explained that the Open Government process is helpful for citizens to have the opportunity to voice and participate. On the other hand, the legitimacy and trust in the government also increase or are maintained through participatory work methods.

In addition, the open government will also greatly help improve the work between CSOs and the government. In open government, there must be a relationship so that civil society can have the freedom to express their concerns and solutions.

Meanwhile, the points that need to be addressed from the open government in Indonesia are its scale and its commitment. “We need to expand the illustration that has already happened. We want this to be a generalized and nationwide innovative phenomenon, not just a few good women, just a few good men. So far, we cannot implement open government, not because of a lack of knowledge or facilities and resources, but a lack of commitment,” he added.

  Therefore, according to him, we should consider that open government is not for others, but for ourselves, to increase trust and legitimacy and to strengthen the quality of democracy.

He recommended that to create a large-scale open government; we must provide adequate resources which are also driven by a commitment from government at both national and local levels. Sugeng also welcomed the Presidential Regulation for Open Government so that in the next 5-10 years, Indonesia will have a stronger foundation to encourage open government at all levels. Finally, a possible way forward is to establish an Open Government Working Group in the G20.

Writer : Sita Mellia
Contact : sitamellia01@gmail.com

C20 Sous Sherpa Reveals How the G20 Should End Poverty 

4. August 2022 - 13:07

After the plenary talk show “Questioning the G20 Recovery Strategy When the Brink of Global Recession is Inevitable” at the C20 Policy Dialogue Meeting on July 27, 2022, Sous Sherpa of C20 Indonesia Risnawati Utami Richard delivered the importance of decent work for persons with disabilities in order to end poverty.

Risna said that the G20 presidency this year is actively involving persons with disabilities in their discussions. “I see that civil society, especially organizations of persons with disabilities, have been involved in the discussion process in the mainstreaming of persons with disabilities, one of which has been strengthened is the inclusive labor market,”

Despite that, she found the labor market is still not open inclusively, “However, there is no provision of adequate accessibility and accommodation, disabilities especially women will find it difficult to get decent work.” she continued. Besides, women with disabilities will face multiple discriminations due to their gender, their disabilities, the lack of access, or their poverty.

“People with disabilities, both men and women so far, can only work in the informal sector. G20 policies in the future may provide jobs in the informal sector and formal ones and they must provide access and reasonable accommodations in the workplace. For example, for people using wheelchairs like me, there must be a path for a wheelchair, accessible toilets, and an accessible workplace such as a desk and place to work that supports wheelchair users to work equally,” she added.

Risna wishes G20 to eradicate poverty through giving decent work to persons with disabilities. “As poverty for people with disabilities is very high compared to non-disabled, the G20 policy, which focuses on economic growth, can help reduce social-economic inequalities by giving them access to employment. People with disabilities, especially women, should get decent employment and decent work as one of their fundamental rights. ‘Decent’ here means quality and improves their welfare,” she said.

 According to her, people with disabilities are more thorough and diligent as they want to show excellence. It has been proven that once they find their passion, they will have an extraordinary career.

Writer : Sita Mellia
Contact : sitamellia01@gmail.com

The Importance of Multi-Stakeholders Involvement in Post-Pandemic Education Recovery

2. August 2022 - 5:01

C20 Press Release on 3rd G20 Education Working Group (EdWG) Meeting
Education, Digitalization and Civic Space Working Group (EDCSWG) Education Sub-Working Group

Jakarta, 1 August 2022 – The G20 Education Working Group (EdWG) recently held its third meeting on 27-28 July 2022 online, discussing the third and fourth priority agendas of the education sector, namely, Solidarity and Partnership, and the Future of Work Post-COVID-19 aimed to achieve a global-scale gotong royong in preparing students with relevant skills needed in the future.

On this occasion, the G20 EdWG Host or the Indonesian Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology (MoECRT) invited Civil 20 (C20) and Think 20 (T20) as part of the official Engagement Groups; international organisations such as UNICEF, UNESCO, and OECD; and the G20 Employment Working Group (EWG) or the Indonesian Ministry of Employment.

The C20 Education, Digitalization and Civic Space Working Group (EDCSWG) appreciates the invitation from the G20 EdWG to participate in the working group’s 2nd and 3rd meetings, and to share findings as well as experiences related to Solidarity and Partnership as part of reimagining, rebuilding, and recovering the education sector. The C20 EDCSWG also values various examples and best practices implemented by multiple stakeholders at all levels from public to private in many countries with different backgrounds, systems, and needs, with one common purpose; to give their very best in responding to recovery.

During the 3-minute intervention, presented by the C20 Coordinator for EDCSWG, Imelda Usnadibrata, stated that the presence 3Cs (COVID-19, Conflicts, Climate Change Crisis) emphasised the need for a Resilient Education System, which could be achieved through Multi-Stakeholders Involvement. These stakeholders include families, communities, healthcare and social protection agencies, the private sector, education authorities, and educational institutions such as schools and colleges, whose collaboration can be enhanced with the use of technology. In such involvement, the role of civil society is undeniable. In fact, civil society organisations (CSOs) are amongst those at the frontline of COVID-19 and other humanitarian responses and recovery.

The C20 EDCSWG also pointed out numerous ways CSOs around the world had contributed to the education sector during the COVID-19 crisis, such as (1) supporting local and national governments in designing and implementing equity strategies; (2) initiating collective movement through alliances and other education networks, from early childhood to higher education levels to serve stronger support in improving access and quality of education for students and other school-aged children and youth; (3) contributing as volunteers with their own resources, from travelling by any means of transport to distribute learning materials, establishing reading camps in villages, implementing learning hours commitments with parents and village leaders, to facilitating home visits programmes; and (4) promoting and supporting capacity building of safe schools for mitigating disaster risks and child-friendly schools for children preventing violence against children.

With all those experiences marked by the spirit of Solidarity and Partnership, the C20 EDCSWG presented two recommendations:

  1. The role of CSOs needs to be strengthened as partners, given their field experiences and resource mobilisation capacities, thus, the ability to inclusively reach larger geographical areas and more stakeholders as well as beneficiaries.
  2. Governments should provide larger room to create an equal partnership with all education stakeholders. Thus, sharing and scaling up best practices can be leveraged to prepare children/youths facing current and future challenges as well as opportunities.

Overall, the recommendations given by the C20 correspond to the agendas formulated by the G20 EdWG. The C20 EDCSWG is looking forward to future engagement and cooperation with the G20 EdWG for a stronger post-pandemic recovery.

#RecoverTogetherRecoverStronger #C20forG20 #YouAreHeard

Further contact:
Imelda Usnadibrata
Coordinator for C20 Education, Digitalization, and Civic Space Working Group (EDCSWG)
Email: Imelda.Usnadibrata@savethechildren.org

About C20:
C20 is one of the official engagement groups of the G20. It provides a platform for civil society organisations around the world to voice people’s aspirations with world leaders in the G20. The C20 engages more than 800 civil society representatives and networks from various countries beyond the G20 member countries. Education, Digitalization, and Civic Space Working Group (EDCSWG) participants: 135 members from 41 countries. The C20 EDCSWG Policy Brief, C20 Education Executive Summary and Presentation Material can be accessed and downloaded by scanning the QR codes or links below:

EDWG G20 Ciptakan Komitmen Gotong Royong untuk Siapkan Generasi Terampil

2. August 2022 - 4:41

Bandung, 29 Juli 2022 – Pertemuan ketiga Kelompok Kerja Pendidikan G20 (G20 Education Working Group/EdWG) yang berlangsung pada 27-28 Juli 2022 membahas agenda prioritas ketiga dan keempat G20 bidang pendidikan. Pembahasan agenda Solidaritas dan Kemitraan serta Masa Depan Dunia Kerja Pasca Covid-19 dilakukan guna mewujudkan gotong royong global dalam membekali para pelajar dengan keterampilan yang relevan di masa depan.

Ketua EdWG G20 (Chair of the G20 EdWG), Iwan Syahril mengatakan, “Pandemi semakin menyadarkan kita akan adanya kebutuhan mendesak untuk mentransformasi sistem pendidikan, tidak hanya di skala nasional tetapi juga global. Di masa pandemi, pelajar di seluruh dunia, terlepas jenjang dan usia, mengalami learning loss. Ditambah lagi, ada juga pelajar yang sama sekali tidak mendapatkan akses terhadap pendidikan selama pandemi. Hal ini secara substansial memengaruhi proses belajar dan dapat menghambat para pelajar untuk meraih mimpi.”

Pada pertemuan ketiga EdWG G20 ini, Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset, dan Teknologi (Kemendikbudristek) turut mengundang kelompok pelibatan (engagement group) seperti Civil20 dan Think20; organisasi internasional seperti UNICEF, UNESCO, dan OECD; serta Kelompok Kerja Bidang Ketenagakerjaan G20 (G20 Employment Working Group/EWG).

Kehadiran para perwakilan ini bertujuan untuk menyampaikan informasi terbaru kepada EdWG G20 agar pembahasan agenda prioritas G20 bidang pendidikan semakin relevan dengan aspirasi pemangku kepentingan bidang pendidikan dan ketenagakerjaan yang lebih luas

Dalam pertemuan ini, UNESCO memaparkan G20 Skills Strategy yang dikembangkan bersama EWG G20 untuk mendukung pendekatan pembelajaran sepanjang hayat (lifelong learning approach).

The Director of the Division for Policies and Lifelong Learning Systems, UNESCO, Borhene Chakroun menjelaskan bahwa sistem pendidikan tidak hanya menjawab transisi lapangan pekerjaan, tetapi  dapat membentuk kebutuhan lapangan pekerjaan. Kebutuhan ini dapat dipenuhi dengan cara mengubah pedagogi (changing pedagogy), mengadaptasi kurikulum (adapting curricula), meningkatkan peran guru (upgrading the role of teachers), melindungi dan reimajinasi sekolah (protecting and reimagining schools), serta mempromosikan ruang belajar baru (promoting new learning spaces).

Masukan dari UNESCO tersebut tengah bergulir di Indonesia melalui berbagai terobosan Merdeka Belajar. Antara lain melalui Kurikulum Merdeka, Asesmen Nasional. berbagai kebijakan yang berpusat pada guru seperti Guru Penggerak dan Platform Merdeka Mengajar, serta  Sekolah Penggerak.  

“Berbagai sudut pandang yang bermanfaat untuk memulihkan sektor pendidikan disampaikan melalui kesempatan berdiskusi bersama kelompok kerja dan organisasi internasional di luar EdWG G20. Saya sangat berharap kita semua dapat belajar dari pengalaman dan informasi yang dibagikan, serta menjadikannya sebuah inspirasi untuk mengembangkan pendekatan terbaik untuk mentransformasi sistem pendidikan,” tutup Iwan Syahril.

SOURCE : kemdikbud.go.id

Kemendikbudristek Pimpin Pemulihan Sektor Pendidikan Dunia Lewat Pertemuan EDWG Ketiga di Bandung 

2. August 2022 - 4:37

Bandung, 29 Juli 2022 – Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset, dan Teknologi (Kemendikbudristek) telah sukses menggelar pertemuan ketiga Kelompok Kerja Pendidikan (Education Working Group/EdWG) G20 yang berlangsung pada 27 s.d. 28 Juli 2022 secara hibrida dari kota Bandung, Jawa Barat.

Pada pertemuan ini, Kemendikbudristek kembali menegaskan pentingnya menguatkan semangat gotong royong sebagai landasan dari upaya negara-negara G20 untuk mereimajinasi, membangun kembali, serta memulihkan sektor pendidikan.

“Pertemuan ketiga EdWG ini menandai komitmen kita untuk bergotong royong mempertahankan kolaborasi dan kemitraan agar dapat pulih bersama dan pulih lebih kuat, khususnya di bidang pendidikan,” jelas Chair of G20 EdWG, Iwan Syahril.

Pada kesempatan yang sama, Alternate Chair G20 EdWG, Anindito Aditomo yang juga menjabat sebagai Kepala Badan Standar, Kurikulum, dan Asesmen (BSKAP) Kemendikbudristek memaparkan draf dari laporan dan kompendium EdWG G20. “Apresiasi saya sampaikan kepada para delegasi G20 yang telah memberikan masukan dan berkomitmen untuk  terus bergotong royong dalam upaya mentransformasi dunia pendidikan,” kata Anindito.

Konsep gotong royong, menurut Gianluca Grandi, Troika Co-chair G20 EdWG dari Italia, mendukung tujuan EdWG G20 pada Presidensi Indonesia untuk membangun sistem pendidikan yang adil, tangguh, dan berkelanjutan.

Apresiasi juga disampaikan para delegasi atas inisiatif Kemendikbudristek untuk membawa hasil EdWG G20 kepada negara-negara anggota Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (PBB) melalui Transforming Education Summit (TES) yang akan diselenggarakan pada 19 September 2022 di New York.

Sebagai wujud nyata  komitmen Kemendikbudristek untuk menguatkan kolaborasi dalam upaya pencapaian agenda prioritas ketiga, yaitu Solidaritas dan Kemitraan (Solidarity and Partnerships), pada pertemuan ketiga EdWG  turut diundang Ketua Kelompok Kerja Ketenagakerjaan (Employment Working Group/EWG) G20, yakni Sekretaris Jenderal Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Anwar Sanusi, serta kelompok pelibatan (engagement group) seperti Civil20 (C20) dan Think20 (T20) untuk berbagi informasi dan pengalaman kepada para delegasi EdWG.

Delegasi C20, Imelda Usnadibrata, memaparkan hasil dari kolaborasi antara  kebijakan pemerintah dengan gerakan kemasyarakatan dalam upaya memperbaiki sistem pendidikan secara global. Adapun delegasi dari T20, Heni Kurniasih,  menjelaskan bahwa sistem pendidikan pascapandemi perlu berfokus pada perwujudan pendidikan yang inklusif dan mampu mempersiapkan generasi muda dengan keterampilan-keterampilan yang relevan di masa depan.

Masukan dari kedua kelompok pelibatan tersebut selaras dengan agenda prioritas keempat EdWG G20 yaitu Masa Depan Dunia Kerja Pasca COVID-19 (The Future of Work Post-COVID19).

Pada pertemuan ini, Kemendikbudristek juga mengundang organisasi internasional seperti UNICEF, UNESCO, dan OECD untuk berbagi perkembangan terbaru dalam transformasi sistem pendidikan di konteks global. UNESCO memaparkan G20 Skills Strategy yang dikembangkan bersama Kelompok Kerja Ketenagakerjaan EWG G20 untuk mendukung pendekatan pembelajaran sepanjang hayat (lifelong learning approach) dalam upaya mempersiapkan peserta didik dengan dunia kerja di masa mendatang.

Iwan Syahril menutup sesi terakhir EdWG ketiga ini dengan mengundang para delegasi untuk hadir pada pertemuan EdWG keempat dan pertemuan tingkat menteri bidang pendidikan yang akan diadakan di Bali pada September 2022 mendatang.

“Saya percaya pertemuan di Bali nanti akan menjadi peristiwa yang monumental untuk pulih bersama menjadi lebih kuat. Saya sangat mengapresiasi kehadiran dan kontribusi para delegasi dalam pertemuan EdWG ketiga ini,” tutup Iwan.

SOURCE : kemdikbud.go.id

C20 Urges Collaboration between G20 & Civil Society to Develop Data Protection System

1. August 2022 - 8:04

C20 PRESS RELEASE ON 3RD DEWG MEETING

Jakarta, 25 July 2022 – The G20 Digital Economy Working Group (DEWG) recently held its 3rd Meeting on July 20-21, 2022 in Labuan Bajo, East Nusa Tenggara. The meeting discussed DEWG’s 2nd and 3rd priority issues, namely Digital Skills and Digital Literacy, Data Free Flow with Trust (DFFT) and Cross-Border Data Flow (CBDF). Furthermore, the meeting was expected to discuss 3 deliverables: firstly, Recommendations and Policies to Increase Involvement of Vulnerable Group in the Digital Economy, secondly, G20 Toolkit on Digital Skills and Digital Literacy and Workshops, and lastly, Summary of Practices and Policies on Advanced Digital Skills and Digital Literacy.

First and foremost, The C20 Working Group on Education, Digitalization, and Civic Space (EDCWG) applaud several crucial statements issued by the DEWG during the 3rd Meeting. First, the importance of empowering small and medium enterprises to reap the benefits of the digital economy, second, the urgent need to address global data governance issues, including digital security, third, the unequal distribution of benefits of data, and lastly, the urgent need to encourage infrastructure and digital human resources development.

While the working group note positively that the Minister Johnny G. Plate emphasized human-centered digital development as the Government’s priority agenda in the Indonesian G20 Presidency, C20 is very concerned that the 3rd DEWG meeting appears to be lacking meaningful participation and inclusivity from the affected and most vulnerable groups, and from civil society organizations that can bring their issues to the table. Whereas, DEWG statement regarding digital transformation as one of the priority issues, it is emphasized that “the discussion of the agenda for creating a more inclusive digital transformation to the world shows how significant the role of the G20 forum is to the world”.

“Therefore, we urge DEWG G20 to be more active in involving civil society organizations, including those within the C20 corridor, in a number of meeting agendas related to digital transformation issues”, said Alia Yofira The Coordinator of Sub Digitalization issue of C20.

Alia also stresses the importance of the DEWG to be more transparent on how they intend to put this vision into practice, and ensure that the planned actions are in line with international human rights standards. We understand human rights to include both civil and political rights on one side and social economic rights on the other. All these rights apply to the digital arena, including in terms of skills but also to structural issues like data governance, which should be guided not just by privacy and security concerns, but also equally economic distributional concerns.

The currently employed framework in G20 discussions of DFFT (Data Free Flow with Trust) focuses on privacy and security, which are extremely important. The C20 congratulates the G20 for adding these issues to the earlier frames of unregulated global data flows. We appeal that this current round of G20 discussions – under the chair-ship of a developing country, Indonesia which along with others have had reservations in accepting the DFFT framework at the Osaka G20 meeting as one-sided – is used to expand the notion of data related rights to also include data related economic rights, of individuals, groups, communities and workers.

“We therefore propose a new framework of ‘Data Flow with Data Rights’, where data rights include all three generations of rights; civil and political rights, social and economic rights, and collective rights, including those of communities and countries (like the right to development). Civil society groups are happy to work with the G20 to expand these ideas, so that a globally inclusive and sustainable data governance regime can enable easy global flows and exchanges of data, maximizing the gains of a global and national digital economy for all”, said Parminder Jet Singh, the Coordinator of the C20 EDCWG.

Parminder further explains that beyond economic value, cross-border data flows also have its implications towards human rights. From a development lens, the public good nature of data has implications beyond national borders. This, however, needs to be accompanied by an appropriate regulatory environment, including data protection, cybersecurity, legal accountability and interoperability between countries (WEF, 2020). Data abuse risks come not only from the private sector but also by Governments, and it affects the trust and hinder potential benefits of a data-driven digital economy.

Parminder emphasizes that the C20 urges the crucial step in integrating a human rights-based approach to cross-border data flows. Given its multidimensional nature, it is thus crucial for policymakers to strike a balance between the economic and non-economic aspects. Therefore, the G20 should take into account the UNCTAD’s 2021 Digital Economy Report that calls for a Global Data Governance Framework which takes note of both economic and non-economic aspects of data.

Moreover, the influence of big tech companies has increasingly weakened our governments to regulate data protection. Trade rules are being used to leverage this influence. Much as sectoral commercial interests have sought to use trade rules as a vehicle for expanding power and influence, we are increasingly seeing the incorporation of ‘digital chapters’ in trade agreements and proposed new international digital trade agreements, in bilateral trade deals and at the WTO.

“Therefore, the C20 urges the G20 leaders to ensure the global digital and data governance and framework should not be governed by any international trade rules (WTO or bilateral and regional FTAs). The G20 Countries should take a concrete action to develop a just global digital and data governance and framework as a global public good with an independent, representative multilateral mechanism, backed by an international treaty (or human rights treaty)”, said Parminder.

Furthermore, The C20 EDCWG are tremendously concerned with the recent development of the Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) Regulation No. 5/2020 (MR5), which was released without adequate and meaningful public consultation. Alia explains that a number of articles in the MR5 appear to be inconsistent with international human rights instruments and could create significant negative impacts for not only the digital economy, but also the freedom of expression and human rights of people who are impacted by the MR5.

Quoting what was said by the Indonesian Minister of Communication and Information Technology during the 3rd DEWG meeting, “without proper and inclusive data governance, data utilization will not run equitably, hence it is possible that data will become a limited commodity, resulting in group-based data utilization”.

“We believe that the threat of disproportionate administrative sanctions, such as blocking digital technology companies, for poor compliance without transparency, accountability, or remedy is a significant shortfall of the spirit of “proper and inclusive data governance” itself”, said Alia
In the spirit of making the Indonesian G20 presidency more inclusive, transparent, and centered around human and their rights, C20 calls on the DEWG to actively engage in an open policy dialogue with civil society organizations, vulnerable groups and other stakeholders about the DEWG’s priority issues and how those can best be achieved consistent with international human rights instruments.

The C20 Education, Digitalization, Civic Space Working Group (EDCWG)

For media inquiries please contact:
Alia Yofira, The Coordinator of Sub-WG Digitalization (alia@elsam.or.id)
Parminder Jet Singh, The Coordinator of C20 EDCWG (parminder@itforchange.net)

About the Civil 20 (C20):
C20 is one of the official Engagement Groups of the G20. It provides a platform for Civil Society Organizations (CSO) around the world to voice the people’s aspirations with the world’s leaders in the G20. The C20 engages more than 800 civil societies representatives and networks from various countries beyond the members of the G20.

C20 Calls on G20 Leaders to Address Multidimensional Global Crises

29. Juli 2022 - 8:37

Jakarta, Thursday (28/7) – The Civil 20 (C20) members across the world gathered in Jakarta on 27-28 July 2022 to finalize policy priorities and recommendations from C20 to G20 leaders on the current multidimensional global crises. 71 million people have fallen into extreme poverty in the first quarter of 2022, and more than 250 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance and protection by the end of the year. C20 urges that the multidimensional global crises should be tackled faster, fairer and in a sustainable manner. It is essential that the G20 leaders put people before politics, for economic growth is not a possible thing without actual contribution of the people’s voices, and active participation of all layers of the communities including women and persons with disabilities. C20 fruitfully discussed potential ideas and recommendations that are not only inclusive but also addressing the entirety of the current political, economic and social turmoil.

“Representing the voices of civil societies, we call on G20 leaders to make a concrete effort to provide and share resources to prevent and respond to the current crises. The G20 should increase the quantity and quality of funding for the global crises and recognize the non-state actors as humanitarian actors. It is time for the current leadership to move from ‘doing good for ourselves to ‘doing good for others’”, said Sugeng Bahagijo, Chair of C20 Indonesia in his opening remarks. 2022 has the most significant amount of people in need of humanitarian aid to date. The number still increases and it is driven by Covid-19 pandemic, natural disasters, climate crisis, social-economic injustice, social-political conflict, food and energy crisis, inflation, bad governance and others. Climate change issues have also become one of the biggest triggers of the escalating global humanitarian turmoil as we are likely to fail to meet the Paris Agreement target, which is to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees C or below. “This has impacted various aspects of our lives, including food and water insecurity which leads to malnutrition and an increased gap in various ountries; in addition, the world economy would also become 10%-18% smaller,” stated Binny
Buchori, Steering Committee of C20 Indonesia.

The food crisis which worsens the current humanitarian crisis is also triggered by spiking inflation and market speculation that has caused a significant increase in food prices. According to the latest World Bank report, more than 80 per cent of Low-Income Countries (LICs) and Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) have seen inflation levels above 5%. While the G20 agenda to achieve the SDGs requires an inclusive global system that promotes economic growth and job market, financial institutions such as banks, hedge funds and traders are stealing the opportunity to squeeze the benefit of the deregulation of the global food markets which negatively affect the wealth of the low-income community. Economic and social policies during this multidimensional crisis should be centred on people, with holistic social protection packages, universal healthcare, and basic services made available across borders to reach the most vulnerable.

“We are witnessing immense suffering of the people day by day because of the prolonged pandemic, global economic and humanitarian crisis. While the C20 acknowledges G20’s effort in establishing the proposed Financial Intermediary Fund (FIF) for Pandemic Preparedness, Prevention, and Response (PPR) as a way to escape the crises, it is important for the G20 to ensure the FIF’s transparency, inclusivity, and accessibility of developing countries and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), and more importantly, to ensure that this not just a new debt.” stated Nadia Daar of Oxfam International during her session at the Plenary titled ‘Questioning the G20 Recovery Strategy When the Brink of Global Recession is Inevitable’.
The recent G20 Finance Track’s meeting in July has failed to find common ground on the Ukraine-Russia war, and G20 must realize that the inability and unwillingness of its members to address the issue will create not only a more devastating cost to human lives but also severe economic consequences and a step back in ending poverty.

Responding to the intriguing global crisis data presented by the civil society, Indonesia as the current president of G20 is proposing a strategy to strengthen the recovery and resilience required to withstand future crises in the developing countries, including the last-developed countries and small island developing states. According to Wempi Saputra, Finance Deputy of G20, solving the global crises in terms of food crises, energy crises and financial crises needs strong collaboration and participation of all stakeholders including civil society organizations, and this needs to be done through collective action. Wempi also stated his support for the Civil Society Organizations to be provided more spaces of dialogue and conversation with G20 leaders. Amalia Adininggar Widyasanti, the Deputy Minister for Economic Affairs Ministry of National Development Planning of the Republic of Indonesia, who is also part of the G20 Development Working Group, also attended and echoed the importance of strong collaboration and participation of civil society organizations in G20 dialogues.

“In these times of multiple crises, it is more important than ever for the G20 to commit to inclusive, transparent and democratic global economic governance, and reach out to the most vulnerable communities. Decisions on global issues should be made in a forum where all countries can participate on an equal footing, and that forum is the United Nations.” urged Tove Maria Ryding from the European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD). “With the last remaining quarter before the G20 Leaders summit in November is held, the C20 strongly encourages G20 Leaders to intensify dialogues and engage with Civil Society Organizations to produce a concrete-deliverable and strong-commitment which address and provides more ambitious solutions to the current multidimensional crisis affecting people on a day-to-day basis.”, said Ah Maftuchan, C20 Sherpa.

Contact person:
Ah Maftuchan, Sherpa of C20 Indonesia
E: c20.secretariat@g20-indonesia.id

Summary of C20 Working Group Dialogue

29. Juli 2022 - 8:10

The C20 Indonesia Policy Dialogue is a dialogue between the C20 working group (WG) and related G20 representatives in conveying their recommendations and point of views so that they become valuable inputs in the recommendations of the G20 forum in November 2022.

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On the Road to Summit, C20 Indonesia is Ready to Dialogue with the Government

26. Juli 2022 - 5:15

In order to strengthen policy recommendations and deliver the peoples’ voices inclusively to the G20, C20 Indonesia will hold its second biggest event called Policy Dialogue Forum on July 27-28, 2022 at Le Meridien Hotel, Jakarta and Zoom Meeting. Both C20 Working Groups and the G20 Working Groups will present the agenda and policy recommendations to be brought to the G20 Summit.

            The first day will be a talk show ‘Questioning the G20 Recovery Strategy when the Brink of Global Recession is Inevitable’ inviting Wempi Saputra, Expert Staff of Minister of Finance for Macro Economy and International Finance (G20 Finance Deputy) and

Amalia Adininggar Widyasanti, Deputy of Economics, Ministry of National Development Planning. It will be followed by the main agenda–C20 Public Dialogue. The dialogue recap and press conference will be conducted on the second day.

“Policy Dialogue becomes the process that finalizes the ideas and analysis of all C20 Working Groups so that they are well-prepared to be presented at the C20 Summit later in October,” said Sugeng Bahagijo, Chair of C20 Indonesia, on July 25, 2022.

Sugeng also highlighted why it should be G20 and the importance of democracy on Friday, July 22, 2022.

“In addition to the UN, we only have the G20, which truly represents broader leadership, compared to the G7, which consists of developed countries. So, in our opinion, the G20 is worthy to carry out its leadership role. The leadership role must solve pandemic, climate change, the increasing inequality, technology companies that go too far,”

On the other hand, there is a trend of authoritarian and semi-authoritarian countries becoming increasingly influential and excessive, such as the influence of China and Russia in the political economy.

“G20 consists of democratic and non-democratic countries. In other words, our voice (CSOs) aims to make the G20 democracies assert that only with democracy can we improve the situation, and with democracy, we can correct what has been a deficit so far. There are mechanisms for improvement with democracy, both through elections and civil society organizations,”

He shared that if there is no democracy, there is no prospect for improvement. Leadership should move from ‘doing good for ourselves’ to ‘doing good for others’ so that countries do not think about themselves but also about other countries that are in trouble. For example, during this pandemic, many countries have not been able to buy vaccines. No one is safe until everyone is safe.

            Finally, Sugeng hopes that G20 stakeholders will give input to the C20 Working Groups policy recommendation, and the public, through the media, will also understand the recommendations’ background.

Writer : Sita Mellia

A Remarkable Hilary Pennington’s Speech: Disability Rights and Its Intersectionality with Gender

20. Juli 2022 - 12:50

Around 30 representatives from international women with disabilities activists, national women’s activists, and organizations of persons with disabilities attended the GEDWG side event ‘Promoting Disability and Gender Equality in the G20 Policies and Commitments to Ensure Inclusive Economic Growth’ in Nusa Dua, Bali, July 20, 2022.

The Executive Vice President of the Ford Foundation Hilary Pennington made a highlight in her keynote speech.

“As an international forum of 20 major economies, G20 should adopt the disability rights and its intersectionality with gender into its commitment and policies to be aligned with the UN CRPD principles. The G20 should also make a commitment to tracking expenditures to promote inclusion in national and international development cooperation,” said Hilary.

Therefore, Mike Verawati, C20 GEDWG Coordinator, also emphasized that disability is an integral part of the global development agenda. Women with disabilities are affected by construction, which impacts layered injustice. Gender and disability issues must be the framework of G20 countries, and Indonesia as the executor of the presidency must also have a strong commitment to ensuring that the voices of women, women with disabilities, and other vulnerable groups are accommodated.

“15% of the world’s population are people with disabilities. Of this, 80% of the lives reside in developing countries. It is important for civil societies to guard the G20 agenda and encourage gender equality, disability and social inclusion to become the heart of every framework for global economic development,” she added.

Co-chair of C20 Herni Ramdlaningrum also shared that there are so many interconnections between taxation and disability, including the import tax rate for goods needed by people with disabilities.

“In the Regulation of the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia Number 224/PMK.011/2012, goods for special purposes of the blind and disabled people are actually excluded from the import tax. However, in reality, the tax is still imposed. And it’s, of course, one important thing we need to speak about,” said Herni.

She continued that C20 members aim to ensure the G20 leaders are recognized and commit to protect people with disabilities’ rights, including the right to go to school, to live in one’s community, to access health care, to start a family, to engage in political participation, to be able to play sport, or to travel, and to have decent work.

Writer: Sita Mellia

G20 Should Establish a Standalone Disability Working Group for the Next India’s G20 Presidency

19. Juli 2022 - 6:09

To influence G20 countries to adopt gender equality, disability, and social inclusion (GEDSI), C20 Gender Equality and Disability Working Group (GEDWG) will hold a side event entitled “Promoting Disability and Gender Equality in the G20 Policies and Commitments To Ensure Inclusive Economic Growth” in Nusa Dua, Bali on July 20, 2022.

“We have been preparing for this event since April and it involves international women with disabilities activists, national women’s activists, and organizations of persons with disabilities,” said Risnawati Utami, Sous-Sherpa C20, on Friday, July 15 2022.

Most G20 countries have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD). It means they must fulfill the rights of persons with disabilities and ensure non-discrimination and gender equality.

However, according to GEDWG Coordinator Mike Verawati, the G20 countries have not implemented the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which are legally binding, especially on international economic development.

“As a strategic international economic forum, the G20 should adopt disability rights and their intersection with gender into policies by aligning the principles of the UN CRPD. The G20 must commit to track spending to promote inclusion in national and international development cooperation,” said Mike.

She continued that this commitment not only to implement the rights of persons with disabilities and gender equality, but also to increase the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of G20 members by around 1 to 7%.

Nidhi Goyal, the UN Women Executive Director’s advisory group, also expressed her urgency. “The human-centered approach must ensure that no one is left behind, even to the most vulnerable like women with disabilities. Opportunities for women with disabilities have been fewer to the right for education and livelihoods,”

She urges the G20 to focus on inclusion and decent work across gender and disability, equity in access to health care, disaster response, climate justice action plans, and digital transformation.

To include women with disabilities, Goyal delivered essential points to note:

  • acknowledgment,
  • accessing the situation,
  • building capacities like providing training, and
  • action with a form of commitment to have inclusive, representative, and contributive growth.

Finally, the C20 GEDWG urges that disability rights issues be included in the existing C20 Gender Equality Working Group and expanded into a standalone Disability Working Group for the next India’s G20 presidency.

Writer : Sita Mellia

C20 TSFWG to Urge G20 Issuing Legally Binding Regulatory Framework for Sustainable Finance

18. Juli 2022 - 9:40

To strengthen policy recommendations to the G20 Finance Track and the upcoming C20 Policy Dialogue, Taxation and Sustainable Working Group held a meeting of national members to consolidate three issues, namely Taxation, Sustainable Finance, and Debt on July 13-14, 2022, at the Ashley Hotel.

The first day of the meeting resulted in tax policy recommendations, including asking the G20 and other countries to establish a United Nations agency on Global Taxes and demanding the OECD abolish the unfair tax burden on women, adopt progressive, redistributive and gender-equal taxation.

Meanwhile, on the second day of the meeting, TSFWG focused on strengthening recommendations for sustainable finance policies. The TSFWG Coordinator, Fiona Armintasari, said that the TSFWG strategy is to intervene in the agenda of the G20 Sustainable Finance Working Group, namely

  1. developing a transitional framework and increasing the credibility of financial institutions,
  2. promote sustainability instruments that focus on accessibility and affordability,
  3. policy levers to encourage the transition.

One of the recommendations is to urge the jurisdictions of the G20 member countries to issue a legally binding regulatory framework related to sustainable finance. Also, the TSFWG discussed its position regarding the carbon tax.

“In terms of the carbon tax, redistribution and pricing need special attention. TSFWG is concerned that the carbon tax will be imposed on consumers so that the prices of goods and services will rise. Companies can escape taxes and continue to emit carbon by throwing taxes on the prices of goods and services,” said Fiona on the second day of the meeting.

She also considered that a carbon tax rate that is too low is ineffective in stopping the use of carbon.

Herni Ramdlaningrum, Co-chair of C20, also opined on the global economic crisis. “To recover the global economy, developing and poor countries need independent funding support,” she said.

According to her, the state must strengthen its fiscal capacity in two ways, namely through the wealth tax system (the super-rich tax) and debt restructuring through debt reduction initiatives outside of the Debt Service Suspension Initiative/DSSI, the Common Framework/CF, and the IMF debt reduction restructuring. In addition, inequality can be reduced through a fixed rate mechanism on wealth values ​​above 10 million USD.

Finally, Fiona hopes that the G20 can concretely implement the TSWG policy recommendations.

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