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Now Live: Public Consultations on Monitoring Framework’s Proposed Refinements

1. März 2018 - 17:14

The Global Partnership is updating its monitoring framework to better respond to the needs of countries, to better reflect the challenges of the 2030 Agenda and better track the effectiveness of all types of development co-operation.

An online, public consultations platform has been launched and all development co-operation stakeholders are invited to provide feedback on the eight indicators that have are being revised. Participants are invited to provide general comments or annotated comments on the proposed refinements. To participate, click here.

The Global Partnership monitoring is a biennial, country-led, multi-stakeholder monitoring of effective development co-operation commitments, supporting accountability among all development partners by measuring progress on 10 indicators.

Kategorien: english

What Will It Take to Meet the SDGs?

1. März 2018 - 17:08

Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will require more than increasing development finance from billions to trillions. It will require smart co-operation between all development actors.

It will require a clear direction from governments on the development results they intend to achieve, supported by sound country statistics, and monitoring and evaluation systems to track results – including disaggregated data to leave no one behind.

It will require that governments create space to listen to the priorities, needs and concerns of those whose collaboration is needed to boost economic development and social inclusion – including the private sector, civil society organisations, parliaments, local governments and others.

It will require that [all] development partners working in a country align their support to the results prioritised by that country, and that development co-operation is delivered in a predictable and transparent manner. In the delivery of development co-operation, development partners will also need to ensure that their support relies on, works with and strengthens country institutions, instead of duplicating, competing or replacing them in the individual pursuit of results.

And the last piece of the puzzle will be setting up accountability arrangements where all development actors with a stake in the country’s development can jointly assess achievements to date – in a regular, transparent and inclusive manner.

Achieving the SDGs will require this type of collective responsibility. And this type of compact with the country is critical for sustainable impact.

Rethinking Effectiveness in the SDG Era

Every two years, the Global Partnership monitoring framework has been supporting 125 countries to track whether all the conditions for effective co-operation were in place.

However, some of the ten Global Partnership indicators (marked in blue in the figure below) required substantive rethinking to really reflect the full breath of actors and behaviours needed to successfully implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The monitoring process also needs to move away from a one-size-fits-all approach to stay relevant for the wider development co-operation landscape of countries – those as diverse as Sierra Leone, Vanuatu, Mexico or Belarus.


We have just completed a careful review of the current indicators with multiple expert groups, in a process which started in 2015 and went full steam in the last few months. The draft proposals are now available for public consultation, until April 1st, 2018; and we very much welcome all stakeholders’ feedback to ensure that we get it right before we launch, this year, the third global monitoring round in more than 80 countries.

In addition, we will continue stimulating collective thinking and dialogue during 2018 and 2019 on how to better measure what development effectiveness means in the context of the 2030 Agenda. Stay tuned!

Kategorien: english

Taxing Multinationals is Pivotal to Financing Development

1. März 2018 - 3:48

Financing the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a significant challenge, and was the rationale behind the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA). The AAAA recognised the need to mobilise more domestic public resources for development, and identified them as the single largest and most important source of financing for the SDGs. One way to mobilise more domestic public resources is by increasing government tax collection, however, large-scale tax avoidance remains challenging, particularly for developing countries with weak tax administrations.

How does tax avoidance affect development?

According to the OECD, in 2015, African countries had a total tax revenue to GDP ratio of around 19 percent, with Latin America and Asia averaging at around 22 percent and 15 percent respectively. This compares to around 34 percent for OECD countries.

One of the contributors to this gap is large-scale tax avoidance. Multinational enterprises (MNEs) play a part, as they frequently engage in highly complex international tax planning strategies to shift profits from where they are earned to low or no tax jurisdictions; this is also called base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS).

According to UNCTAD, an estimated US$100 billion of annual tax revenue losses for developing countries can be attributed to multi-nationals’ offshore hubs. This means that developing countries also lose out on future re-investment of this income. Adding both together, total ‘development finance loss’ is estimated in the range of $250 billion to $300 billion annually.

If MNEs pay their fair share of taxes, it could positively influence developing countries’ ability to raise domestic resources. According to UNCTAD, the percent of MNE contributions to government revenues is around 10 percent in developing countries, compared to just 5 percent in developed countries. In Africa, the share of MNE contributions to government revenues is 14 percent. Appropriate MNE taxation is thus central to increasing the domestic resources of developing countries, so that taxes are paid where economic activity occurs and value is created.

How are we addressing the challenge?

UNDP and OECD launched a joint-initiative, called Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB) in July 2015, which is now one of 29 Global Partnership Initiatives. The aim is to support developing countries’ administrations to build tax audit capacity and increase domestic revenues. TIWB transfers tax audit knowledge and skills by providing technical assistance from highly trained independent tax audit experts to local tax officials. With 30 programmes in 25 countries so far, the initiative provides support in a variety of sectors including mining, tourism, financial services, maritime, manufacturing and telecommunications. Some technical focus areas include transfer pricing, asset valuations and risk assessment.

Results to date have been significant, with the mobilisation of an additional $328 million USD in tax revenues for developing country governments. It is estimated that for every dollar spent on the initiative, these countries can receive more than $1,000 from taxes recovered, making it an incredible return on investment.


President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia has personally praised the initiative, stating, ‘we are quite sure that TIWB will be able to help our revenue authorities to be more efficient in managing our tax systems, and to reform it appropriately, to ensure greater level of revenue to support our development.’

South-South deployment is also a growing element of TIWB programmes. As a trusted development partner in this joint initiative, UNDP brings local knowledge, reach and scale to the table. It leverages field support, builds demand and political support for tax reform, ensures the initiative is embedded in national development strategies, and informs national and international policy dialogues on broader international tax reform.

What are the challenges for TIWB and the way forward?

TIWB hosted an international workshop in Paris in November 2017 for tax experts to share experiences and discuss ways of tackling common challenges, given TIWB’s ambitious goal of 100 programmes by 2020. Two major themes emerged: managing potential conflicts of interest between stakeholders, and looking beyond just the easily quantifiable tax revenue numbers. It is thus important for TIWB to strengthen its checks and balances and expand its impact measurement by veering its key indicators of success towards sustainable skills transfer, institution-building and long-term change in the tax compliance culture of developing countries.

MNE tax avoidance remains a major concern for development. Thus, given TIWB’s tremendous potential to bring about large-scale systematic change and UNDP’s focus on mobilising diverse sources of financing to effectively deploy them in support of sustainable development, TIWB is emerging as the new champion for domestic resource mobilisation and the development financing agenda.

For more information, visit the Tax Inspectors Without Borders website.

What are Global Partnership Initiatives?

29 GPIs are led by Global Partnership members from national governments, civil society organisations, foundations and members of the private sector, among others. They generate evidence, policy-relevant lessons and innovative solutions to advance country and regional-level implementation of the effective development co-operation principles and commitments. In addition, GPIs share lessons-learned and help the Global Partnership make fuller use of knowledge generated to support increased development impact.

To demonstrate your organisation’s commitment to the principles of effective development co-operation and register as a GPI, review the guidance note and submit an application to 


Original blog posted on 

Kategorien: english

10 Pilot Countries Selected: Enhancing Effective Co-operation at the Country Level

28. Februar 2018 - 17:32

On 22-23 February, the Global Partnership launched the Enhanced Effectiveness at Country Level Pilot Workshop in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The pilot workshop is a key activity under Strategic Output 1 of the 2017-2018 Work Programme of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC). 10 country pilots were selected, namely Bangladesh, Cambodia, El Salvador, Georgia, Laos, Kenya, Malawi, Mexico, Rwanda and Uganda.

The objective of these pilots is to support increased effectiveness at country level and to demonstrate the positive impact of effective development co-operation and the achievement of national, regional and global development goals. The focus and design of the country pilots will vary from country to country, depending on country context. The aim is to understand the types of activities taking place, to document best practices, and collect and analyse evidence on country level implementation of the effectiveness principles.

The workshop successfully reviewed common challenges in the implementation of effective development co-operation commitments which included the availability and use of data on development co-operation at country level, building partnerships with the full range of development stakeholders, and managing increasingly diverse development co-operation flows. Participants also developed a common understanding of the conceptual approach for the piloting work, including desired outcomes and implementation modalities. In closing, representatives discussed key next steps for the piloting process.

Pilot activities will be implemented throughout 2018 and the evidence generated through this piloting exercise, along with evidence from other sources, will inform the creation of a Global Compendium of Good Practices related to country level implementation of the effectiveness principles.

Kategorien: english

A Knotty Problem: Turning Words into Action on Tied Aid

20. Februar 2018 - 15:54

“Tied aid doesn’t work.” That was the verdict of the UK’s top development minister at a recent parliamentary hearing.

And the evidence bears the minister out. Tied aid – aid that can only be used to buy goods or services from the country providing the aid – is having a negative impact on the world’s poorest people.

Tied aid generally costs more than untied aid – an estimated 15 – 30 % more for many goods and services, and more still in the case of food aid. It also tends to deliver less, since it is less well suited to local contexts and preferences. This isn’t just a question of bean counting. Tied aid is used in sectors from emergency response to malaria control: bad value for money can cost lives and put basic rights in jeopardy.

Tied aid also holds back the long-term development of communities in the global south, because it goes against the fundamental principle that effective development should be led by local priorities, and channelled where possible through country systems. In particular, this type of aid makes it impossible to support local producers – even though doing so could bring a “double dividend”, delivering both project results and building up the local economy for the long term.

This is why untying aid has been high on the agenda in successive agreements on effective development cooperation (reinforced again in Nairobi in 2016) , and why donor governments have signed up to a (limited) agreement on aid untying.

Yet despite these promising commitments, tying persists. The latest data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Development Assistance Committee (OECD DAC) reports a figure of around US $16.8 billion – more than the entire ODA budgets of Italy, the Netherlands and Norway combined.

That’s just the tip of the iceberg. Those US $16.8 billion relate to aid that is ‘formally’ tied – where the contract explicitly states that goods or services must be bought from the country providing the aid.

Even more worrying is the level of aid that is tied informally – where the contract doesn’t specify a particular supplier country, but in practice barriers in the procurement process stop companies from outside competing – for example, if tenders are only advertised in the donor country language.

It’s impossible to say exactly how much aid is tied informally, but the best available proxy is to look at data on which firms are actually winning aid contracts. This data paints an alarming picture. In 2014 (the most recent year for which data is available), donors reported to the OECD on some 15 billion US dollars’ worth of individual aid contracts. Of this, 46 percent  went to firms in the donor country and just 4 percent went to firms in the poorest countries.

In some donor countries the share of contract spending with domestic firms was higher still – even in countries reporting very low levels of aid as formally tied aid (Figure 1).

Source: Eurodad analysis of OECD DAC, 2017 Report on the DAC Untying Recommendation
Notes: this data covers bilateral aid within the scope of the DAC’s Recommendation on Untying ODA (and excludes administration costs and in-donor refugee costs). The completeness of reporting on contract awards varies among donors, and some (Czech Republic, Finland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Sweden) did not report at all in 2014.

Most attempts to monitor donor progress on untying aid have only told half the story. The OECD DAC Development Cooperation Report; OECD DAC peer reviews; as well as a range of donor rankings produced by third parties all focus on formal tying. While the OECD DAC does report regularly on the distribution of contract awards, this is a technical document that attracts only limited attention beyond specialist circles.

However, the current review of the indicators for the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation’s (GPEDC) monitoring report, offers hope that this pattern will change. Through its wide-ranging coverage and diverse global participation, the GPEDC monitoring exercise attracts worldwide attention. Indicator 10 deals with untying aid. Eurodad is calling for the indicator to include systematic reporting on the values of contracts awarded to companies in different countries, in addition to data on formal tying.

This could have a powerful influence on how donors approach untying. The more untying aid is seen to be about where the money actually goes, the more pressure there will be for donors to remove barriers that prevent companies in the global south from competing.

Getting a comprehensive picture of informal tying will take time. A complete view would require not only full data on contract awards, but also information on sub-contracts, on who really benefits from companies located in the global south (‘beneficial ownership’) and on the tied aid implications of more aid being channelled through so-called private sector instruments.

For now, basic data exists, and could in the short term be supplemented by case studies. In the longer term, the drive for better data on aid procurement could encourage the use of country procurement systems (part of GPEDC indicator 9b), and boost the drive for transparency of over beneficial ownership – potentially contributing to a virtuous circle for effective development cooperation.

It would be an exaggeration to say that better monitoring of informal tying is enough to cut the Gordian knot of tied aid. As a recent Eurodad briefing set out, a whole sequence of actions is needed – from stamping out formal tying, through changes in procurement procedures, to pro-active policies to procure in favour of the poorest. But an increase in emphasis on informal tying in the GPEDC monitoring report could tilt the balance towards a new way of approaching aid procurement – a way that does work, for the poorest people, not just for the commercial interests of multinationals in the global north.


Kategorien: english

Upcoming Workshop to Discuss Strengthening Linkages between GPIs and the Global Partnership

16. Februar 2018 - 22:14

On March 19-20, the Global Partnership and GIZ will host a workshop on Strengthening Global Partnership Initiative’s Engagement in Bonn, Germany. Representatives from 29 Global Partnership Initiatives (GPIs), Steering Committee members and Co-Chairs will explore ways in which the Global Partnership can make better use of knowledge generated by GPIs, including how GPIs can contribute to the work of the Global Partnership through its 2017-2018 programme of work and strategic Working Groups.

GPIs are voluntary initiatives which contribute to the Global Partnership’s vision by directly implementing the internationally-agreed development effectiveness principles. Currently, there are 29 GPIs led by 58 organisations that contribute to 9 key areas of work.

This workshop will provide a mechanism for exchanging knowledge and lessons learned on implementation of the development effectiveness principles. Gathering experts from different backgrounds, including government, civil society, foundations, private sector and other development partners, the workshop will discuss the mechanisms necessary to make better use of GPI knowledge and activities, and to harness synergies between GPIs and the Global Partnership.

The workshop will take place on the eve of the Global Festival of Action for Sustainable Development, which will bring together the global community, taking action to make the Sustainable Development Goals a reality.

Eligible GPI representatives and Steering Committee members should register for the workshop at no later than 22 February.

If you are interested in becoming a GPI, please refer to our guidance document.

Kategorien: english

Business & Development Actors Partnering to Reach the SDGs Together – Insights from Global Partnership Bangladesh Workshop

5. Februar 2018 - 18:07

Realising the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 requires resources from all actors – public and private, domestic and international. A Technical Workshop on Private Sector Engagement (PSE) explored how the government, businesses, civil society and the development community can work together in practical ways to create “shared value” for business profit and development impact.

Embracing this shift-change in development co-operation, participants agreed on how different partners can align their interests and foster trust to use development co-operation in innovative ways to work with the private sector and scale up much-needed solutions to Bangladesh’s development challenges.

The workshop was held as a first in a series of country-level consultations in Dhaka, Bangladesh on 4-5 February 2018, hosted by the Ministry of Finance, together with the ICC Bangladesh, with support of the Government of Germany and under the aegis of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC).

A case study based on a mapping of over 240 private sector engagement projects in Bangladesh with development co-operation support – focused on finance, agriculture, manufacturing and energy – served as background for the discussions. Policy recommendations on effective private sector engagement focused on engaging the business and development community in more inclusive, government-led policy dialogue, and more structured knowledge sharing and learning to align interests, strengthen trust and build capacity around a range of specific national priorities. Emphasis was placed on generating greater poverty impact of PSE through development co-operation, with a focus on supporting micro-, small- and medium-enterprises, greater transparency and accountability as well as a focus on data, results and impact, social dialogue, climate change, and gender equality.

The Global Partnership 2017-2018 Work Programme aims to guide the development community on how to adapt policies and approaches to engage the business sector on the SDGs. It works towards mutually agreed guidelines for effective private sector engagement through development co-operation.

The event was attended by around 60 representatives from the Government of Bangladesh, many development partners, small and medium enterprises, large domestic and transnational firms, business associations, civil society organizations, trade unions, parliamentarians, foundations, and research and development institutes. It encouraged greater peer learning on effective PSE through development co-operation with participating neighbouring countries India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Similar case study reports are being carried out in Egypt, El Salvador and Uganda in 2018 to generate mutually agreed global guidelines for effective private sector engagement through development co-operation.

For more information on the Technical Workshop, please click here.

To read more about the GPEDC’s Private Sector work please see here.

Kategorien: english

Annual Call for Reporting from Global Partnership Initiatives

26. Januar 2018 - 20:53

On 23 January, the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation launched its annual call for reporting to all Global Partnership Initiatives (GPIs), which will be open through 23 February.

This annual exercise collects feedback from GPIs on their progress, activities and lessons learned and helps to identify results from country and regional-level efforts to implement the Busan Principles. It also presents an opportunity for GPIs to communicate their work to the wider Global Partnership audience and to explore opportunities for further partnership between themselves, the Global Partnership and other GPIs.

GPIs are voluntary initiatives led by different types of development actors, such as national governments, civil society organisations, trade unions, the private sector and others. They advance implementation of the development effectiveness principles and commitments agreed through the Busan Partnership Agreement (2011), the Mexico High Level Meeting Communiqué (2014) and the Nairobi Outcome Document (2016).

GPIs directly contribute to the Global Partnership’s vision by implementing commitments at the country and regional levels, and generating evidence, policy-relevant lessons and innovative solutions that can feed mutual accountability and learning into the Global Partnership.

There are currently 29 active GPIs supported by 58 organisations, with work spanning nine key areas, including promoting country ownership, a focus on results, inclusive partnerships and transparency and accountability, multi-dimensional measurements of poverty, conflict and fragility, resource mobilisation and climate finance.

GPI Focal Points are asked to submit inputs by 23 February to participate in the annual reporting. Questions may be addressed to the Joint Support Team at

The results of the annual reporting will be showcased on the Global Partnership website, at Steering Committee meetings and other Global Partnership events and will directly contribute to the Global Partnership’s efforts to share knowledge around effective development co-operation.

How to become a GPI?

To launch a new initiative, please follow this guidance and submit an application for review against the application criteria.

To update information related to an existing GPI, please contact the Joint Support Team at

Kategorien: english

Financing the SDGs is everyone’s business: Experiences from Asia-Pacific

15. Januar 2018 - 10:31


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Many countries have a growing and increasingly diverse portfolio of financing that can contribute to achievement of development results – though the makeup of these resources is significantly different between countries. Rapid growth in domestic public and private finance is driving resources availability across the Asia-Pacific region, yet the mix at play in a given country varies widely, with different types of resources better able to achieve particular sustainable development results.

But it’s not just government’s business to think about strengthening enabling environments for increased domestic resource mobilization and quality private investment. It is everyone’s business – it’s for all stakeholders to think about integrated approaches to financing the 2030 Agenda.

The key message from the 2016 Asia-Pacific Development Effectiveness Facility (AP-DEF) consultations was clear: countries want to ensure that financing doesn’t just increase, but becomes more effective through country ownership and multi-stakeholder partnerships.

In response, at the 2017 2nd Annual Regional Knowledge Exchange on the Sustainable Development Goals, countries in the Asia-Pacific region shared experiences on strengthening integrated national financing frameworks and financing innovations at country level.  A few main takeaways emerged:

  • Country-level actions and reforms are and will be the driver for financing development toward 2030. It is well recognized that there is strong collective commitment on Agenda 2030 and Financing for Development at the global level. At the country level, innovations are taking place, producing lessons that could be useful across regions and contexts. The connection between the global and country level agendas could be further strengthened to prevent countries having to reinvent the wheel and to bring these lessons to global dialogue.
  • Financing for development in the region goes beyond ODA. However, in some contexts, ODA still provides important volumes of financing which is crucial to poverty reduction efforts and can also play a catalytic role. It was agreed that the development effectiveness principles of ownership, a focus on results, inclusive partnerships and transparency and accountability have indeed demonstrated their relevance for development finance, beyond ODA.
  • The private sector is not merely a funding source, but a key partner without which the SDGs will not be achieved. The private sector has their own initiatives and comparative advantages to address development challenges. Given this, there is huge demand for dialogue at the nexus of the public and private sector silos to strengthen alignment and integrated solutions for development results.

As we embark on 2018, partners in the Asia-Pacific region are using ongoing analysis and these regional  discussions as a basis for action, including through:

  • Country-level dialogue designed to make financing SDGs everyone’s business: AP-DEF is building on experiences with UNDP’s Development Finance Assessment to bring together key policymakers in an evidence-based discussion about how to address the most pressing challenges and opportunities for financing the SDGs across public and private actors;
  • South-South sharing initiatives: To support countries in learning from emerging financing innovations, regional platforms like AP-DEF can facilitate exchange on priorities identified at the consultations, such as measuring private sector impact for the SDGs, harnessing remittances for results, social/green impact investment and Islamic finance opportunities;
  • Synthesizing lessons learned and feeding into global dialogue: Funnelling evidence from country examples that utilize an integrated approach to financing and consider how countries are reshaping their thinking about financing the SDGs into international for such as FFD, HLPF and the GPEDC.



Follow the ongoing Financing SDGs work of the AP-DEF Secretariat at UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub at @apdefplatform @emilyraedavis

More on Asia-Pacific Development Effectiveness Facility (AP-DEF) here

More on the 2017 SDG Regional Knowledge Exchange here, including presentations and photos


The 2017 2nd Annual Regional Knowledge Exchange on the Sustainable Development Goals and AP-DEF consultations were generously supported by the European Commission, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia and the Asian Development Bank.

Inputs of the 2017 Asia-Pacific Regional Knowledge Exchange to the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation are available here.

Kategorien: english

Paving the way for the SDGs – Highlights from the Busan Global Partnership Forum

22. Dezember 2017 - 18:34

The Fourth Busan Global Partnership Forum was convened by the Republic of Korea on 21-22 November 2017, on the eve of the one-year anniversary of the Second High-Level Meeting (HLM2) of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation. The Forum provides a valuable vehicle for policymakers and development practitioners to review progress made since 2011 and discuss how the Global Partnership can concretely support achievement of the 2030 Agenda.

Over 130 practitioners from 35 countries were in attendance in Busan, where they discussed the Global Partnership’s renewed mandate and linkages to the 2030 Agenda. Key messages from the 2017 Busan Global Partnership Forum include:

Translating commitments into country-level action. There is a shared understanding that decisions and commitments made at the global level, including the Nairobi Outcome Document, need to translate into practical action by all stakeholders at the country level, ensuring effective use of resources in support of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Against the backdrop of the evolving development co-operation landscape, effective development co-operation remains crucial in supporting implementation of the 2030 Agenda.

Participants reiterated their commitment to the effectiveness principles, and highlighted the need to reinvigorate political momentum for effective development co-operation; strengthen operationalisation of the principles at the country level; and intensify engagement with non-traditional actors to facilitate learning and sharing of knowledge, in order to scale up the impact of development co-operation in the context of the SDGs.

Participants welcomed efforts made to strengthen the Global Partnership’s monitoring framework and improve its relevance for the SDGs follow-up and review. This will require a heightened focus on outcomes, building on complementary sources to gather qualitative and contextual information.

Global Partnership Initiatives play a key role in facilitating effective development co-operation, including at the country level. Participants urged the Global Partnership to make better use of the evidence generated by GPIs and better facilitate the sharing of this knowledge.

The private sector plays a crucial role in implementing the 2030 Agenda. Participants called for the examination of conditions under which private sector engagement can be leveraged through development co-operation to deliver shared value for both those most in need and the private sector.

Participants also stressed the need to promote high-level political support and strengthen linkages with UN institutions and processes, including providing inputs on effectiveness to the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, Financing for Development follow-up, and ensuring complementarity with the UN Development Cooperation Forum.

Going forward, the Global Partnership will intensify communication with all stakeholders and continue to explore meaningful ways to engage the variety of partners, including Southern partners and private sector, to deepen mutual learning and promote effective and complementary contributions to the 2030 Agenda.

Read the outcome report of the 2017 Busan Global Partnership Forum.

Kategorien: english