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Sustainable Development Solutions
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Evaluation of the social and trade union dialogue in Macedonia

8. Juni 2018 - 22:45

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has commissioned Karsten Weitzenegger to evaluate their work in Macedonia. FES has been represented with an office in Skopje since 1996. There is a part of the regional project “Social and Political Dialogue in Southeastern Europe”.

For decades, FES has been working as a partner in German foreign and development policy. The promotion of social justice, democracy, peace and security has always been the  priority. In Europe, the social design of the European Union and the acceptance of the European idea are central issues. This also determines the overall goals of the FES in Macedonia.

Evaluation criteria are primarily relevance and impact, as well as effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability. The evaluation report should provide recommendations for the further development of project strategy, objectives and steering, which can be used for the future strategic orientation of the project. As a learning organization, the Foundation aspires to use the results of evaluations for the learning process.

Kategorien: english

Building trust in a changing World of Work – Global Deal Report 2018

21. Mai 2018 - 15:12
The Global Deal for Decent Work and Inclusive Growth Flagship Report 2018

The first Flagship Report of the “Global Deal for Decent Work and Inclusive Growth” contributes to the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The objective consists in developing and harnessing the potential of social dialogue and sound industrial relations as instruments for promoting decent work and job quality in line with Sustainable Development Goal 8 on Decent Work and Economic Growth, and thereby fostering greater equality and more Inclusive Growth in line with Sustainable Development Goal 10 on Reduced Inequalities.

The report stresses the critical role of social dialogue in creating decent work and inclusive growth, but that new efforts are needed to ensure the recognition and realisation of the rights to freedom of association and collective bargaining. The report also highlights the crucial role of social dialogue in enhancing the inclusiveness of labour protection and the important role played by social partners in shaping the future of work, through workplace cooperation, collective bargaining and tripartite social dialogue.

The report is co-written by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the International Labour Organization (ILO), and coordinated by the Global Deal Support Unit located in the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Senior Advisors of the Global Deal have reviewed the report and contributed with valuable input.

Download:

The Global Deal for Decent Work and Inclusive Growth Flagship Report 2018: Building Trust in a Changing World of Work pdf (7 mb)

Kategorien: english

ILO sees 24 million jobs to open up in the green economy

18. Mai 2018 - 0:01

ILO flagship report estimates job losses and job creation as the world moves to a greener economy.

GENEVA (ILO News) – Twenty-four million new jobs will be created globally by 2030 if the right policies to promote a greener economy are put in place, a new ILO report says.

According to World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with Jobs , action to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius will result in sufficient job creation to more than offset job losses of 6 million elsewhere.

New jobs will be created by adopting sustainable practices in the energy sector, including changes in the energy mix, promoting the use of electric vehicles and improving the energy efficiency of buildings.

Ecosystem services – including air and water purification soil renewal and fertilization, pest control, pollination and protection against extreme weather conditions – sustain, among others, farming, fishing, forestry and tourism activities, which employ 1.2 billion workers.

But projected temperature increases will make heat stress, particularly in agriculture, more common. It can lead to several medical conditions, including exhaustion and stroke. The report calculates that heat stress will cause a 2 per cent global loss in hours worked by 2030 due to sickness.

“The findings of our report underline that jobs rely heavily on a healthy environment and the services that it provides. The green economy can enable millions more people to overcome poverty, and deliver improved livelihoods for this and future generations. This is a very positive message of opportunity in a world of complex choices,” ILO Deputy Director-General Deborah Greenfield said at the launch.

At the regional level, there will be net job creation in the Americas, Asia and the Pacific and Europe, representing some 3 million, 14 million and 2 million jobs respectively, resulting from measures taken in the production and use of energy.

In contrast, there could be net job losses in the Middle East (-0.48 per cent) and Africa (-0.04 per cent) if current trends continue, due to the dependence of these regions on fossil fuel and mining, respectively.

The report calls on countries to take urgent action to train workers in the skills needed for the transition to a greener economy, and provide them with social protection that facilitates the transition to new jobs, contributes to preventing poverty and reduces the vulnerability of households and communities.

“Policy changes in these regions could offset the anticipated job losses or their negative impact. Low- and some middle- income countries still need support to develop data collection, and adopt and finance strategies towards a just transition to an environmentally sustainable economy and society that includes everyone from all groups of society,” says Catherine Saget, the lead author of the report.

Other key findings
  • Most sectors of the economy will benefit from net job creation: of the 163 economic sectors analysed, only 14 will suffer employment losses of more than 10,000 jobs worldwide.
  • Only two sectors, petroleum extraction and petroleum refining, show losses of 1 million or more jobs.
  • 2.5 million jobs will be created in renewables-based electricity, offsetting some 400,000 jobs lost in fossil fuel-based electricity generation.
  • 6 million jobs can be created by transitioning towards a ‘circular economy’ which includes activities like recycling, repair, rent and remanufacture – replacing the traditional economic model of “extracting, making, using and disposing”.
No gains without the right policies

Although measures to address climate change may result in short-term employment losses in some cases, their negative impact can be reduced through appropriate policies.

The report calls for synergies between social protection and environmental policies which support both workers’ incomes and the transition to a greener economy. A policy mix comprising cash transfers, stronger social insurance and limits on the use of fossil fuels would lead to faster economic growth, stronger employment creation and a fairer income distribution, as well as lower greenhouse gas emissions.

Countries should take urgent action to anticipate the skills needed for the transition to greener economies and provide new training programmes. The transition to more sustainable agricultural systems would create jobs in medium and large organic farms, and allow smallholders to diversify their sources of income, notably if farmers have the right skills.

The report also shows that environmental laws, regulations and policies that include labour issues offer a powerful means to advance the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda  and environmental objectives.

“Social dialogue which allows employers and workers to participate in the political decision-making process alongside governments plays a key role in reconciling social and economic objectives with environmental concerns. There are cases in which such dialogue not only helped to reduce the environmental impact of policies but also avoided a negative impact on employment or working conditions”, concludes Saget.

Kategorien: english

OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector

8. März 2018 - 21:33

The OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector helps enterprises implement the due diligence recommendations contained in the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises along the garment and footwear supply chain in order to avoid and address the potential negative impacts of their activities and supply chains. It supports the aims of the OECD Guidelines to ensure that the operations of enterprises in the garment and footwear sector are in harmony with government policies to strengthen the basis of mutual confidence between enterprises and the societies in which they operate. This Guidance will also support enterprises to implement the due diligence recommendations contained in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. The Guidance is aligned with the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, relevant ILO Conventions and Recommendations and the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy. Together with its modules on due diligence for specific risk areas, this Guidance provides enterprises with a complete package to operate and source responsibly in the garment and footwear sector. This Guidance was developed through a multi-stakeholder process with in-depth engagement from OECD and non-OECD countries, representatives from business, trade unions and civil society and was overseen by the Working Party on Responsible Business Conduct. It is practically-oriented, with an emphasis on collaborative constructive approaches to complex challenges. The Guidance builds on the in-depth reports of the National Contact Points (NCPs) of France and Italy on the implementation of the OECD Guidelines in the textile and garment sector and responds to statements made in June 2013 and 2014 by NCPs following the tragic collapse of Rana Plaza.

Also available in French
Kategorien: english