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Mainstreaming Trade to Attain the Sustainable Development Goals

19. September 2018 - 12:31

The WTO is central to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which set targets to be achieved by 2030 in areas such as poverty reduction, health, education and the environment. The SDGs put significant emphasis on the role that trade plays in promoting sustainable development and recognize the contribution that the WTO can make to the 2030 Agenda. By delivering and implementing trade reforms which are pro-growth and pro-development, and by continuing to foster stable, predictable and equitable trading relations across the world, the WTO will play an important role in delivering the Sustainable Development Goals, just as it did with the Millennium Development Goals before them. This report identifies steps which would help to ensure that international trade contributes to accelerating progress in achieving the SDGs. Source: WTO

In the WTO iLibrary:

    • Click to download PDF – 7.74MB PDF
    • Click to Read online and share READ

WTO (2018), Mainstreaming Trade to Attain the Sustainable Development Goals, World Trade Organization, Geneva, https://doi.org/10.30875/9c96f135-en.

Kategorien: english

IDEAs International Development Economics Associates

5. September 2018 - 22:11

IDEAs or the International Development Economics Associates is committed to building a pluralistic network of committed researchers,  teachers and other economists interested in advancing progressive heterodox approaches to critically analysing and addressing the problems of economic development processes.

IDEAs was established in New Delhi, India with a purpose of building a pluralist network of economists engaged in the teaching, research and analyses of economic development.

  • Revisiting Privatization’s claims by Jomo Kwame Sundaram on 5 September 2018 at 08:53

    Several arguments have been advanced to justify privatization since the 1980s. Privatization has been advocated as an easy means to: Reduce the government’s financial and administrative burden, particularly by undertaking and maintaining services and infrastructure; Promote competition, improve efficiency and […]

  • In Memoriam: Samir Amin by betaideas on 1 September 2018 at 17:12

    IDEAs network mourns the loss of the celebrated Marxist thinker Samir Amin, who was also a Member of our Advisory Board. Samir Amin’s razor-sharp intellect, penetrating analysis, strong anti-imperialism and conviction in the importance of third world solidarity as w […]

  • Emergency 2.0 by Jayati Ghosh on 30 August 2018 at 07:46

    For many Indians, the period of the Emergency in the mid 1970s represents the blackest period for Indian democracy since Independence. As a student at University during that time, seeing the repression and fear all around and knowing some of […]

  • Pakistan: Who needs a crisis? by C. P. Chandrasekhar on 28 August 2018 at 19:45

    With Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) or “Movement for Justice” winning 116 of the 272 seats filled through election in Pakistan’s National Assembly, the former cricketer is set to be installed as his country’s next Prime Minister. So attention has […]

  • Finance versus The People by Prabhat Patnailk on 26 August 2018 at 19:57

    Sometimes even a tiny news-item can reveal volumes about capitalism. The Indian stock market, as is well-known, is booming at present: the 30-share Sensex closed at a new high of 38,278.75 on Monday the 20th of August, and the broader-based […]

Kategorien: english

Sustainable Development Goals 2018: More important, more difficult #SDG2018

16. August 2018 - 23:11

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides a global blueprint for dignity, peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and in the future. Three years into the implementation of the Agenda, countries are translating this shared vision into national development plans and strategies.

The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018 highlights progress being made in many areas of the 2030 Agenda. Since the turn of the century, the maternal mortality ratio in sub-Saharan Africa has declined by 35 per cent and the under-five mortality rate has dropped by 50 per cent. In South Asia, a girl’s risk of marrying in childhood has declined by over 40 per cent. And, in the least developed countries, the proportion of the people with access to electricity has more than doubled. Globally, labour productivity has increased and unemployment rate decreased. More than 100 countries have sustainable consumption and production policies and initiatives.

However, the report also shows that, in some areas, progress is insufficient to meet the Agenda’s goals and targets by 2030. This is especially true for the most disadvantaged and marginalized groups. Youth are three times more likely to be unemployed than adults. Less than half of all children and adolescents meet minimum standards in reading and mathematics. In 2015, 2.3 billion people still lacked even a basic level of sanitation service and 892 million people continued to practise open defecation. Close to 1 billion mostly rural people still lack electricity. In sub-Saharan Africa, the HIV incidence among women of reproductive age is 10 times the global average. Nine out of 10 people living in cities breathe polluted air. And, while some forms of discrimination against women and girls are declining, gender inequality continues to hold women back and deprives them of basic rights and opportunities.

Conflict, climate change and growing inequalities add additional challenges. After a prolonged decline, the number of undernourished people rose from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016, mainly due to conflicts and drought and disasters linked to climate change. In 2017, the North Atlantic hurricane season was the most costly ever, and the past five-year average global temperature is the highest on record.

Without evidence of where we stand now we cannot confidently chart our path forward in realizing the Sustainable Development Goals. To that end, this report also reflects on the challenges faced in the collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of reliable, timely, accessible and sufficiently disaggregated data, and calls for better evidence-based policymaking. Today’s technology makes it possible to collate the data we need to keep the promise to leave no one behind. But, we need political leadership, resources and commitment to use the tools now available.

With just 12 years left to the 2030 deadline, we must inject a sense of urgency. Achieving the 2030 Agenda requires immediate and accelerated actions by countries along with collaborative partnerships among governments and stakeholders at all levels. This ambitious Agenda necessitates profound change that goes beyond business as usual. In doing its part, the United Nations has launched reform initiatives to reposition the United Nations development system to deliver on the 2030 Agenda. The objective is to be more effective, cohesive and accountable. We stand ready to work with all Member States to make the Sustainable Development Goals a reality for everyone, everywhere.

Source: António Guterres Secretary-General, United Nations See teh fuull report at https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2018/
    • Get the SG’s progress report 2018

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Kategorien: english

How are the SDGs changing evaluation practice: The case of Costa Rica

11. August 2018 - 0:51

Karsten Weitzenegger is contracted by German Institute for Development Evaluation (DEval) to carry out a meta-evaluation of poverty-related reports done in Costa Rica recently. The meta-analysis will serve to systematize achievements, favorable and unfavorable factors and recommendations in relation to the objective of the fight against poverty.

During the period 2015-2017, Costa Rica has made important articulation efforts under a multidimensional approach to the implementation of the SDGs; however, despite the progress made, the country faces challenges in terms of establishing long-term strategies to face international and domestic challenges.

FOCEVAL (Fomento de Capacidades en Evaluación en Costa Rica y países seleccionados de América Latina), different elements have been developed that can be used for evaluation in the context of the 2030 Agenda: participatory evaluation, multi-actor platform, meta-evaluation, etc.

The meta-analysis will include the evaluations carried out in Costa Rica to date that are relevant to the SDGs related to the priority item “Fight against poverty” (SDG 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10 , 16). A part of these evaluations were carried out within the framework of the National Evaluation Agenda, others as pilot evaluations during the first phase of FOCEVAL, others by DESAF, the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund (MDG-F) and organizations of the United Nations. A set of 25 relevant and available evaluation reports is considered.

Within the framework of FOCEVAL, different elements have been developed that can be used for evaluation in the context of the 2030 Agenda: participatory evaluation, multi-actor platform, meta-evaluation, etc.

Additional information

Secretaría Técnica de los ODS ubicada en MIDEPLAN https://www.mideplan.go.cr

FOCEVAL (Fomento de Capacidades en Evaluación en Costa Rica y países seleccionados de América Latina) http://foceval.org

DEval – Deutsches Evaluierungsinstitut der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit gGmbH https://www.deval.org

Kategorien: english

How is phytosanitary knowledge managed globally?

10. August 2018 - 14:39

The World Trade Organization has contracted Karsten Weitzenegger to evaluate a phytosanitary capacity development project of the Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF). The independent ex-post evaluation of STDF project performance offers lessons and recommendations to improve future project results.

The Project STDF/PG/350 entitled “Global Phytosanitary Manuals, Standard Operating Procedures and Training Kits” was requested by Côte D’Ivoire, Jamaica, Malaysia, and Sudan in March 2011, in collaboration with the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) Secretariat, housed by FAO.

The project goal was to improve the capacity of National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) to implement IPPC obligations and International Standards on Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) by providing them with internationally accepted technical resources, such as manuals, Standard Operational Procedures (SOPs) and training kits. Specifically, these manuals and kits would inter alia provide detailed guidance on establishment and effective operation of NPPOs and areas such as import verification, export certification, pest surveillance and pest risk analysis.

The project focused on: (i) setting up a Phytosanitary Resources website, i.e. an electronic portal containing a wide array of technical resources and materials; (ii) a global call to identify existing technical resources for review and validation by experts; and (iii) identification and development of priority technical resources (manuals, SOPs and training kits) to support implementation of ISPMs and effective management of plant health issues by NPPOs. Following a call to NPPOs worldwide, over 300 different resources (from e-learning modules, diagnostic protocols and advocacy materials) were shared, validated and posted online.

The project used the convening power of the IPPC to build on existing work and resources, to avoid “re-inventing the wheel” and duplication. Specifically, the project was used to review and validate a number of existing resources and develop new ones that addressed core functions of the IPPC, effective NPPO management and urgent topics. By the end of the project, the Phytosanitary Resources website was set up and populated with relevant content.

More information

Phytosanitary Resources Web site, http://www.phytosanitary.info
Standards And Trade Development Facility (STDF), http://www.standardsfacility.org

Kategorien: english

Evaluation of the social and trade union dialogue in Macedonia

8. Juni 2018 - 22:45

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has commissioned Karsten Weitzenegger to evaluate their work in Macedonia. FES has been represented with an office in Skopje since 1996. There is a part of the regional project “Social and Political Dialogue in Southeastern Europe”.

For decades, FES has been working as a partner in German foreign and development policy. The promotion of social justice, democracy, peace and security has always been the  priority. In Europe, the social design of the European Union and the acceptance of the European idea are central issues. This also determines the overall goals of the FES in Macedonia.

Evaluation criteria are primarily relevance and impact, as well as effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability. The evaluation report should provide recommendations for the further development of project strategy, objectives and steering, which can be used for the future strategic orientation of the project. As a learning organization, the Foundation aspires to use the results of evaluations for the learning process.

Kategorien: english