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CPDE Africa Secretariat to hold Network Management and Project Management Trainings for CSOs

CSO Partnership - 12. August 2022 - 8:02

#SaveTheDate!

CPDE and its regional Secretariat, Reality of Aid Africa, invite Africa-based CPDE members and allies to join these regional capacity development activities.

  • Network Management Training – 31 August – 1 September 2022 – 10 AM to 1PM Nairobi 
  • Project Management Training – 6 and 7 September 2022 – 10 AM to 1PM Nairobi 

Last April 2022, CPDE launched its Capacity Development Materials for CSOs, including a Network Management Guide and Training modules, and a Project Management Guide and Training modules.

Based on these materials, the upcoming learning sessions aim to equip CSOs, especially those working at the national/local level with skills and best practices in managing programmes networks for Effective Development Cooperation (EDC), based on a human-rights based approach to development and other key CPDE principles. 

 

The post CPDE Africa Secretariat to hold Network Management and Project Management Trainings for CSOs appeared first on CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

After the storm: what an environmental tragedy can teach us about climate resilience and ecosystem restoration

UN #SDG News - 12. August 2022 - 6:24
A tiny Caribbean Island known as 'the flower of the ocean' was decimated by Hurricane Iota in 2020. Although the loss of human life was minimal, the impact on precious ecosystems deeply changed the perspective of its inhabitants. Two years later, they’re still working to restore their environmental treasures and preparing for whatever curveballs climate change might throw at them next.
Kategorien: english

The AfCFTA Country Business Index: Understanding private sector involvement in the AfCFTA

Brookings - 11. August 2022 - 20:26

By Stephen Karingi, Wafa Aidi

The narrative around a successful African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)—its potential to increase intra-African trade by 15 to 25 percent, or $50 billion to $70 billion—is promising, but if African businesses do not efficiently utilize this landmark agreement, its ultimate success will be limited. Since the private sector is directly involved in cross-border trade, it is a major stakeholder and beneficiary of the AfCFTA. Thus, to better understand how African businesses are approaching the AfCFTA and, more importantly, how the AfCFTA can best support those businesses through trade, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) created the AfCFTA Country Business Index (ACBI). 

The ACBI is a new AfCFTA-focused, ease-of-doing business index and is based on a robust theoretical framework and data collection process. It enables relevant policymakers to identify bottlenecks in intra-African trade at a country level, which informs the barriers impeding effective AfCFTA implementation from the perspective of the private sector. It aims to inform African policymakers on the trade barriers and guide AfCFTA national strategies. The ACBI aims to ensure that the African Continental Free Trade Area delivers on its projected sustainable development promises, especially for women-owned and small- and medium-sized businesses (SMEs).  

The ACBI captures three dimensions relevant to the understanding of the AfCFTA and related negotiations:  

  1. The ease of trading goods across Africa;
  2. Firm awareness and use of African free trade agreements (FTAs) and the AfCFTA;
  3. Business environment related to trade in services, intra-African investment, intellectual property rights, and competition policy.

For a robust discussion of the ACBI’s methodology, see the bottom of this blog.   

Top ACBI findings: How do African businesses perceive trading within Africa? 

The first round of the ACBI (which covered the seven countries of Angola, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria, Namibia, and South Africa) reveals several important trends in the understanding and utilization of the AfCFTA by African businesses. Here are the key findings: 

Overall, the businesses surveyed reported feeling neutral toward their country’s environment for trading and investing goods across African borders, i.e., on average, firms feel neither positive nor negative on the ease of doing business within Africa (Figure 1). Given that these seven member states have deposited their instruments of AfCFTA ratification, the bottleneck seems not to be on the legal side, but rather in the lack of enterprise support for identifying strategic interests and market opportunities to ensure that the private sector can fully benefit from the AfCFTA. 

Notably, the survey also reveals that perceptions related to trade in goods (Figure 2) constitute significant challenges to trading within the continent. Some of the most commonly identified bottlenecks include unauthorized charges (bribery at a country’s border posts or along transport routes) and other charges on trade (additional customs, border and product surcharges, price controls, reference prices, additional variable charges on goods, statistical taxes, import license fees, etc.). 

Firms appear to have positive perceptions of the sanitary and phytosanitary measures and technical barriers—implying that these measures do not constitute an impediment to intra-African trade. This finding is notable given that some experts have argue that these measures and barriers often constitute a main constraint to Africa’s trade competitiveness and international trade. 

Concerning “awareness and use of the FTAs,” the survey found that most firms were highly aware of their country’s participation in different regional economic communities, but less informed of their country’s participation in the AfCFTA (Figure 3). In other words, African businesses do not have a clear understanding of the AfCFTA mechanisms of operation and market opportunities at the continental level. 

Importantly, the surveyed firms most often named compliance with an FTA’s rules of origin requirements, which determine how exported goods shipped to a country may qualify for free or preferential import tariffs, to be the most binding constraint to trading. Businesses often face difficulties in conforming to these rules, and their complexity can be particularly onerous for informal traders. The rules of origin need to be simple, practical, and business-friendly to enable African businesses to optimize the trade gains expected from the AfCFTA. At the same time, rules of origin must lead to a transformation process that generates value through intellectual property gains and/or new jobs. 

Regarding “the commercial environment,” companies largely report being neutral in their perception of investment, competition, and intellectual property rights policies embedded in the AfCFTA. One possible explanation is that the AfCFTA protocols governing these policies are still under negotiation. For this reason, negotiators and African governments should prioritize finalizing the design of implementation strategies concerning concrete measures to facilitate access to African markets, reduce the services costs, and harmonize regulations related to the business environment. 

Finally, perceptions around trading differ widely between male-owned and female-owned businesses as well as between SMEs and large companies (Figure 5). For example, female-owned firms and SMEs more often cited trading across borders as a major challenge to growing their businesses. This finding aligns with the literature: Female-owned businesses are, on average, more negatively impacted by tariff and nontariff barriers.   

Conclusion and recommendations 

ECA intends for the ACBI to be a monitoring and evaluation tool for African countries to understand and address the challenges encountered by businesses in their countries when implementing the AfCFTA. The active involvement of the private sector is vital for informing AfCFTA National and Regional Strategies and, thus, realizing the expected benefits of the AfCFTA. Rolling out the ACBI in all African countries will support the AfCFTA implementation by identifying the main trade restrictions at country and regional levels. It is equally important to build strong partnerships with national and regional business associations to support the ACBI rollout and share best practices across countries and subregions. 

The ACBI findings make a significant contribution to Africa’s development blueprint Agenda 2063 and to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by identifying bottlenecks in trade regimes that need to be addressed to ensure more inclusive trade under the AfCFTA. Indeed, the ACBI results pinpoint the importance of complementing the AfCFTA with specific trade facilitation policies to ensure more inclusive trade under the AfCFTA.  

In Africa, most medium, small, and micro enterprises are women-owned. It is therefore important to ensure a conducive national but also continental regulatory framework that allows them to participate in an efficient, effective, and competitive way. Thus, African countries should design specific policy responses to support inclusive implementation of the AfCFTA.  

Moreover, an important and immediate action point is to raise awareness on the AfCFTA opportunities and its mechanisms of operation both at national and continental level. This ultimate objective can be achieved through deeper engagement with the private sector and business associations when developing country and regional AfCFTA implementation strategies and through wider dissemination of these implementation strategies once completed to create the required ecosystem for businesses.  

ACBI approach and methodology: An index driven by private sector perceptions 

The ACBI is different from other doing business and integration indexes as it 1) is based on the perceptions of the private sector gathered through primary surveys instead of secondary data and 2) focuses on Africa’s integration by targeting businesses based in trading (and investing) within Africa. It is the first index based on a robust methodological framework and data collection process that translated the businesses opinion on the trade constraints under the AfCFTA. The dimensions on which the ACBI focuses (see Table 1) are closely linked to AfCFTA negotiations and outcomes, all of which focus on deepening integration across the continent.  

Table 1. ACBI dimensions and subdimensions  Objective  Subdimension Goods restrictiveness and costs  Assess the extent to which businesses view the trade in goods as significant challenges to intra-African trade Tariff barriers Customs Technical barriers to trade Sanitary and phytosanitary measures Specific limitations Additional charges Fraud and corruption African FTA knowledge and use Determine business views on the ease of use of FTAs and on awareness of the AfCFTA Awareness of African FTAs Ease of use of African FTAs Access to information on African FTAs FTA rules of origin Commercial environment Understand the private sector perceptions of the barriers on investment, services business environment including competition policy and intellectual property rights Investment Trade in services Cost of services Intellectual property rights Competition policy

Source: ECA based on ACBI survey

The ACBI survey is based on a minimum targeted sample of 50 completed responses in each country and primarily undertaken through online channels, with telephonic and face-to-face interviews supplementing as needed. 

Firm perceptions are collected through a perception ranking (Likert) scale, ranging from 0 to 10. The index, dimension, and subdimension scores aggregate these perception scores to provide an aggregate score for each country, ranging from 0 to 10, where a higher score implies that a country is perceived by businesses in that country to be “performing” better in addressing trade, investment, and integration issues in Africa.    

For the ACBI, each dimension is equally weighted within the index, and each subdimension is equally weighted within each dimension. As a perceptions index, the results can be interpreted based on firm perceptions of various aspects relating to trading and investing across African borders.  A score of 5 reflects a neutral perception (i.e., on average firms feel neither positive nor negative about the specific area). A score below 5 indicates that, on average, firms have a negative perception toward the area of interest. Conversely, a score above 5 suggests that firms are positively regard that area’s impact on their business, or their ability to trade, and invest across borders.  

Note:  

This contribution represents the personal opinions of individual staff members of United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and is not meant to represent the position or the ECA or its members, nor the official position of any staff members. 

The authors would like to acknowledge various contributors to the ACBI work namely Mama Keita, David Luke, Komi Tsowou, Jamie MacLeod, Yash Ramkolowan, Jean Moolman, Thomas Yapo, Matthew Stern, Linton Reddy, Baneng Naape, Kendall Rÿnders, Jenni Jones, and Micaela Mooloo.  

      
Kategorien: english

Lab Leak? Bioweapons Attack? Natural Pathogen? A New Proposal Would Give the UN the Ability to Investigate | Angela Kane

UN Dispatch - 11. August 2022 - 16:03

Rapidly identifying an emerging infectious pathogen is critical to  prevent a disease outbreak from becoming an epidemic — or even a deadly pandemic. But right now, there is no agreed international mechanism to do so. Veteran UN diplomat Angela Kane is trying to change that. She is working to create a new UN body to strengthen UN capabilities to investigate high-consequence biological events of unknown origin.

Angela Kane, is the Sam Nunn Distinguished Fellow at the Nuclear Threat Initiative. She is a veteran diplomat who has held several senior positions at the United Nations, including Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Under-Secretary-General for Management, and High Representative for Disarmament.

Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  | Podcast Addict  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public 

The post Lab Leak? Bioweapons Attack? Natural Pathogen? A New Proposal Would Give the UN the Ability to Investigate | Angela Kane appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Young workers have been hit hardest by COVID fallout, says UN labour agency

UN ECOSOC - 11. August 2022 - 15:20
The number of young people globally who can’t find a job this year is set to reach 73 million – that’s a full six million more than before COVID-19 – the UN labour agency said on Thursday.
Kategorien: english

CSCP Provides Scientific Support to the Campaign #Wirdrehenrunter: How Colder Washing Can Protect the Climate

SCP-Centre - 11. August 2022 - 13:17

Did you know that lowering the washing temperature of your laundry from 40°C to 30°C can have as big an impact as saving around 38% CO2 emissions? Maybe you contemplated if washing at lower degrees provides the same cleaning results? Truth is, improved detergent formulas work just as well in colder temperatures. In turn, cold-washing saves energy leading to significant reductions in CO2 emissions. The CSCP has scientifically supported the process of developing a campaign design based on behavioural science as well as an evaluation methodology to show the effects of the campaign on the washing behaviour of consumers in Germany.

In August 2022, WWF Germany and the consumer goods manufacturer Procter & Gamble (P&G) Germany have launched a Germany-wide cooperation to raise awareness on the impact of the washing temperature among consumers. The campaign #Wirdrehenrunter aims to reduce Germany’s average washing temperature by one degree per year, thus cutting down the overall CO2 emissions.

Behaviour change is at the core of this campaign and the field in which the CSCP supported the process of the partners with its scientific expertise. Certain practices of doing laundry are so deeply ingrained in the way consumers run their household chores that it takes a deeper understanding to change them for the better. The CSCP has designed the internal process with WWF and P&G to understand current washing behaviours and barriers for change as well as opportunities which could offer a springboard to changing consumer behaviours toward more sustainability. In a co-creation process, different previously successful tools to accelerate behaviour change where matched with the identified barriers and informed the campaign design. As a second step, the CSCP has also supported WWF and P&G in developing a scientifically-sound methodology to evaluate the success of the #Wirdrehenrunter campaign in terms of washing temperature reduction and the overall impact. Different qualitative and quantitate evaluation elements have been identified to best fit the purpose and been reviewed by an external expert panel.

“Turning down the washing temperature is a great example for a behaviour change intervention which can help each of us to reduce emissions at the household-level. Applying a behavioural model filled with all the knowledge the partners already brought to the table made it very clear which barriers exist for consumers to change their behaviours: Habits that are passed on over generations, concerns about the hygiene of laundry or hard-to-find cold wash settings of washing machines are some of them. It is very exciting that P&G and WWF Germany have agreed to address these barriers with a large campaign and that we will be able to monitor the results closely to learn what works and what doesn’t, something that is hardly ever done and will massively increase the knowledge for the scientific and business communities”, says Rosa Strube, Head of Sustainable Lifestyles at the CSCP, who leads the work from the CSCP side.

The evaluation methodology will be implemented during the next 12 months to assess the campaign’s impact, understand emission reductions, generate learnings for improving the campaign elements, and inform other campaigns aimed at changing consumer behaviour.

For further information, please contact Rosa Strube.

The post CSCP Provides Scientific Support to the Campaign #Wirdrehenrunter: How Colder Washing Can Protect the Climate appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Deutschland und das Vereinigte Königreich: Perspektiven für einen tieferen bilateralen Dialog zum Thema Entwicklungspolitik

GDI Briefing - 11. August 2022 - 12:55

Deutschland und das Vereinigte Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland (UK) sind im Hinblick auf Ausgaben für die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (Official Development Assistance – ODA) die zweit- bzw. viertgrößten Geber weltweit. Bei internationalen politischen Debatten über globale Entwicklung in der Organisation für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD), der G7, der G20 und anderen wichtigen Zusammenschlüssen und Plattformen sind die beiden Länder zudem wichtige Akteure. Die Entwicklungspolitik beider Länder hat sich im ersten Jahrzehnt dieses Jahrtausends stark angenähert und es kam zu einer umfangreichen Zusammenarbeit. In dieser Zeit begannen die westlichen Länder die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit als erhebliche Quelle von Soft Power zu begreifen, was sich in steigenden Entwicklungsbudgets und aneinander angeglichenen politischen Ausrichtungen bemerkbar machte. Die Austeritätspolitik im Anschluss an die globale Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise und die Entscheidung des Vereinigten Königreichs 2016, die Europäische Union (EU) zu verlassen, haben die bilateralen Beziehungen zwischen Deutschland und dem Vereinigten Königreich im Bereich der Entwicklungspolitik vor große Herausforderungen gestellt. Mit dem Austritt des Vereinigten Königreichs aus der EU hat sich die Zahl der gemeinsamen Maßnahmen und entsprechenden Möglichkeiten für Kooperationsinitiativen verringert. Nach der Hälfte des Zeitraums, der für die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 vorgesehen ist, richten beide Länder ihre Entwicklungspolitik neu aus und arbeiten daran, ihre künftige Rolle in Europa und ihre globalen Entwicklungsambitionen festzulegen. Dennoch bleiben sie wichtige Partner im globalen Entwicklungssektor. Sowohl das Vereinigte Königreich als auch Deutschland haben ihre entwicklungspolitischen Strategien jüngst als Teil ihrer integrierten Außenpolitik angepasst oder sind dabei, solche Strategien zu erarbeiten. Die Auswirkungen des vor einigen Monaten ausgebrochenen Krieges in der Ukraine machen jedoch Anpassungen dieses Prozesses erforderlich. Es spricht nach wie vor viel für einen regelmäßigen Austausch und eine entwicklungspolitische Zusammenarbeit zwischen beiden Ländern, nicht zuletzt auch durch eine Intensivierung des Dialogs und die Wiederaufnahme gegenseitiger Abordnungen zwischen dem britischen Ministerium für Auswärtiges, Commonwealth und Entwicklung (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office – FCDO) und dem Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ). Vor allem zwei Bereiche bieten gute Perspektiven. Erstens sollten Deutschland und das Vereinigte König-reich eng zusammenarbeiten, um die Agenda der aktuellen G7-Präsidentschaft umzusetzen. Der Schwerpunkt auf Investitionen in Infrastrukturprojekte, der schon während der britischen G7-Präsidentschaft im vergangenen Jahr gesetzt wurde, sollte beibehalten werden. Weitere wichtige Möglichkeiten der Zusammenarbeit bestehen in den Bereichen Gleichstellung und Klimaschutz sowie bei der Bereitstellung globaler öffentlicher Güter. Zweitens sollten Deutschland und das Vereinigte Königreich darum bemüht sein, sich im Rahmen der OECD zu engagieren und ihre Rolle als Institution, die mit der Erarbeitung wichtiger Standards für die internationale Entwicklungspolitik betraut ist und ein wichtiges Forum für wechselseitiges Lernen darstellt, zu unterstützen. Da beide Länder wichtige Geldgeber für die globale Entwicklungsfinanzierung sind, ist die Legitimität des Berichtssystems der OECD von wesentlicher Bedeutung dafür, ihren Einfluss im globalen Entwicklungssektor geltend zu machen und einen entsprechenden Beitrag zu leisten.

Kategorien: english

Addressing climate goals and the SDGs through a just energy transition? Empirical evidence from Germany and South Africa

GDI Briefing - 11. August 2022 - 11:49

In striving to achieve the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda, governments have the opportunity to implement their climate and sustainability goals more coherently. Such coherence requires the coordination of interdependent policies across different policy fields, sectors and actors. This paper explores how governments design and implement synergic solutions to concomitantly achieve both international agendas. With the empirical cases of Germany and South Africa, we investigate two independent approaches to the synergic solution of a just energy transition, whereby countries aim to phase out coal as a means to tackle climate change while also ensuring that the achievement of other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is not hindered. Methodologically, we apply a deductive qualitative approach consisting of literature review, semi-structured interviews, and content analysis. To that end, we examine relevant policies and institutional arrangements by applying a combined conceptual framework of energy justice and just transition in both countries. We find major challenges in overcoming environmental, economic and social burdens of the coal phase-out, especially related to jobs and inequality (SDGs 8, 10) and the Water-Energy-Food-Land nexus (SDGs 2, 6, 7, 15). Through the selection of Germany and South Africa, we illustrate how countries with different political, social and economic backgrounds strive to manage such a transition. Our developed framework and case-studies’ findings point towards important considerations when designing just energy transition pathways, such as ensuring inclusiveness in decision-making, thoroughly assessing social, economic and environmental impacts, and adequately coordinating across different actors and the local, provincial and national levels.

Kategorien: english

Food Waste Reduction Measures That Work: A Case Study Collection From the Dialogue Forum

SCP-Centre - 11. August 2022 - 11:30

Protective layers for fruit and vegetables, fresh “gastro deals”, “dynamic markdown pricing”, consumer acceptance of fruits and vegetables with blemishes, 100% food redistribution to charities – all of these are measures that the retail and wholesale sector can take to reduce food waste. Considering their interfaces to suppliers, customers, and redistribution, retail and wholesale hold a great potential to contribute to more food appreciation and less waste. Our new case study collection as part of the Dialogue Forum presents inspiring measures that create real impact when it comes to food waste reduction.

The publication is an exemplary analysis and illustration of individual food waste reduction measures implemented by companies participating in the Dialogue Forum for Wholesale and Retail for the reduction of food waste in Germany.

The forum has been initiated by the German Federal Government as a contribution to its National Strategy to Reduce Food Waste adopted in February 2019. From September 2019 to August 2022, 23 companies from the wholesale and retail sector participated in the Dialogue Forum. In a declaration of participation, the companies committed to cooperate with a social redistribution organisation and to improve data quality and quantity on food waste. Additionally, the companies implemented individually chosen activities to reduce food waste at the interface with their suppliers, within their markets / direct sphere of influence, at the interface with customers and to further improve the redistribution of unsold but still edible food.

The aim of this collection of case studies is to showcase the various activities of the forum members to further contribute to the reduction of food waste. By creating visibility for single activities, imitation should be inspired and the exchange of experiences fostered.

The case study collection is available in German and includes the following sections:

  • Reduction measures at the interface to suppliers
  • Reduction measures in the internal area of responsibility
  • Reduction measures at the interface to customers
  • Measures to improve redistribution practices

The National Dialogue Forum for Reduction of Food Waste in Wholesale and Retail Industry is carried out by the CSCP in collaboration with the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut.

For further information, please contact Nora Brüggemann.

The post Food Waste Reduction Measures That Work: A Case Study Collection From the Dialogue Forum appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Children affected by conflict cannot wait for their education

UN #SDG News - 11. August 2022 - 1:08
From Ethiopia to Chad and Palestine, Education Cannot Wait (ECW), the UN’s fund for education in emergencies and protracted crises, is helping millions of boys and girls affected by conflict around the world to pursue their dreams.
Kategorien: english

UN trade body calls for halting cryptocurrency rise in developing countries

UN ECOSOC - 10. August 2022 - 18:56
The UN trade and development body, UNCTAD, has called for action to curb cryptocurrencies in developing nations, in three policy briefs published on Wednesday. 
Kategorien: english

CONFINTEA VII: Press Conference

UIL UNESCO Hamburg - 10. August 2022 - 16:40
Kategorien: english, Hamburg

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