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Forum of the Countries of Latin America and the Caribbean on Sustainable Development

Women - 22. April 2019 - 18:46
Forum of the Countries of Latin America and the Caribbean on Sustainable Development

The Third Meeting of the Forum of the Countries of Latin America and the  Caribbean on Sustainable Development – 2019 will be held in Santiago de Chile, from 22 – 26 April 2019. For more information access here.

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Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development (ARFSD): Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality

Women - 16. April 2019 - 18:39
Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development (ARFSD): Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality

“The Fifth (2019) session of the Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development (ARFSD 5) will be held under the theme “Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality.” It will carry out in-depth review of SDG 4 (quality education), SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth), SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), SDG 13 (climate action), and SDG 16 (peace, justice, and strong institutions) and the corresponding goals of Agenda 2063. The forum will also undertake an in-depth review of SDG 17 (partnerships for the Goals) to address challenges and strengthen partnerships to develop capacity, harness science and technologies and mobilize and scale up finance to implement the goals.”

For more information access here.

Date: 16-18 April 2019

Local: Morocco

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HPG Integrated Programme 2019–2021: inclusivity and invisibility in humanitarian action

ODI - 1. April 2019 - 0:00
HPG's 14th Integrated Programme of work will ask if the humanitarian sector is delivering on its stated commitment to address suffering with impartiality.
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Asia Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development (APFSD)

Women - 27. März 2019 - 18:27
Asia Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development (APFSD): Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality

“This year, the APFSD will address the theme “’Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality” and on the cluster of SDGs to be reviewed at the HLPF – in accordance with General Assembly resolution 70/299:

• Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
• Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
• Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
• Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
• Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
• Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

The APFSD agenda will address
(1) Regional perspectives on the implementation, follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including in depth review of the theme and cluster of goals; and
(2) Strengthening implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the Asia-Pacific, including the consideration of a draft regional road map for implementing the 2030 Agenda in Asia and the Pacific.” For more information access here.

Local: Bangkok

Date: 27-29 March 2019

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Regional Forum on Sustainable Development for the UNECE Region (ECERFSD)

Women - 21. März 2019 - 18:14
Regional Forum on Sustainable Development for the UNECE Region (ECERFSD)

“The Regional Forum on Sustainable Development for the UNECE Region will be held on Thursday, 21March, and Friday, 22 March 2019, at the International Conference Centre Geneva (CICG). The Regional Forum will be aligned with the theme of the 2019 High-level Political Forum: Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality.” For more information access here.

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Transboundary climate risks

ODI - 13. März 2019 - 0:00
This event examines the benefits and challenges of a more multilateral approach to adaptation and disaster risk reduction.
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The sixty-third session of the Commission on the Status of Women: CSW63

Women - 11. März 2019 - 18:57
The sixty-third session of the Commission on the Status of Women

“The sixty-third session of the Commission on the Status of Women will take place at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 11 to 22 March 2019. The main theme is Social protection systems, access to public services and sustainable infrastructure for gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls; and als Review theme: Women’s empowerment and the link to sustainable development.” For more information access here.

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ODI in conversation with Nimco Ali

ODI - 8. März 2019 - 0:00
On International Women's Day, activist Nimco Ali joins ODI for a conversation on tackling FGM and harmful traditional practices towards adolescent girls.
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We Already Know Vaccines Save Lives. New Research Shows How They Fight Poverty, Too

UN Dispatch - vor 10 Stunden 16 Minuten

A measles outbreak is ravaging children in several states in the United States, including Washington and Oregon have sickened hundreds of of children, many unvaccinated. Thousands more have been exposed to the highly contagious and sometimes deadly virus. The Philippines is also in the midst of an outbreak, where more than 150 children have been killed.

These measles illnesses and deaths come despite the fact that vaccines are routinely available and extremely safe. We have known for years that vaccinations, including routine childhood vaccinations for diseases like measles, mumps and rubella prevent children from dying on a fairly massive scale. We also know that as a health intervention, most vaccines and vaccination programs are relatively inexpensive.

Now, new research suggests an added benefit of getting a measles vaccine: it can prevent poverty.

Dr. Angela Chang lead a ground breaking study that shows how vaccines can be an effective tool to prevent individuals in the developing world from slipping down the income latter and into extreme poverty. Specifically, she examined dozens of vaccines and vaccination campaigns in the developing world and used statistical modeling and analysis to determine the relationship between what is known as medical impoverishment and vaccine coverage.

The study was published in the journal Health Affairs while she was a doctoral candidate at Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Angela Chang is now a post doctoral fellow at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington.

We kick off the conversation discussing what we mean by medical impoverishment before having a longer conversation about her findings.

If you have 20 minutes and want to learn how vaccines not only save lives, but also fight poverty then have a listen.

Get Global Dispatches Podcast ​iTunes  |  Spotify  |   Stitcher  | Google Play Music​

 

 

The post We Already Know Vaccines Save Lives. New Research Shows How They Fight Poverty, Too appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Realising rights: how can social protection advance gender equality?

ODI - vor 14 Stunden 25 Minuten
This webinar explores the themes of the CSW 63: Social protection, gender equality and women’s and girls’ empowerment
Kategorien: english

How to Elevate Rural Youth Representation for Inclusive Agriculture and Planning

SNRD Africa - 18. Februar 2019 - 18:06
Highlights of a webinar by the GIZ Agriculture Team in Kenya and two rural youth representatives share their experiences on participatory policy and project initiatives
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The latest evidence on gender and development

INCLUDE Platform - 18. Februar 2019 - 11:08

This is a repost by INCLUDE of a World Bank original post by David Evans. Please find the original publication through this link.

 

A new collection of papers – Towards Gender Equity in Development – sets out to “explore key sources of female empowerment and discuss the current challenges and opportunities for the future” in three categories: marriage, outside options, and laws and cultural norms. The final published book is available for free, and the individual chapters are available as working papers.

In the introduction, Anderson, Beaman, and Platteau discuss the current landscape of gender discrimination in low- and middle-income countries. In a set of tables that I’ve transformed into a single, completely unwieldy figure. We see discrimination in social norms, legal rights, and marriage indicators. (In all of these indicators, 100% is the worst; 0% is the best.) What stands out is that while no single region dominates the discrimination landscape, every region has significant room to improve.  West Africa has high rates of female genital mutilation, South Asia has high rates of son bias, Central Africa has high rates of polygyny, West Asia has high mobility restrictions on women, and the Caribbean has few to no laws against harassment.

Here’s a quick rundown of the other articles in the collection:

Marriage

  • “Anywhere between 18.5 per cent and 21.5 per cent of ever-married Senegalese women have experienced widowhood, while somewhere between 13.2 per cent and 17.3 per cent have experienced a divorce.” Poor women are more likely to become widows; urban, more educated women are more likely to divorce. “Poorer women among both the widowed and divorced are more likely to remarry often joining a polygamous union, and for widows, a levirate one… Our analysis suggests that divorce is a means for some women to escape family authority and gain a relatively comfortable autonomy; while widowhood is correlated with more negative consequences in terms of welfare.” (Lambert, van de Walle, & Villarworking paper; Senegal)
  • “Uncertainty about spouses’ HIV status contributes to marital dissolutions. Innovations, such as HIV couples’ testing and counselling—and, in the future, possibly rapid self-testing—that reduce this uncertainty can thus have profound impacts on marital behaviours and stability.” Specifically, in Malawi, “two years after the HIV testing, we find a 3.8 to 4.8 percentage point reduction (from a base of 7.7 per cent among couples offered individual testing) in the likelihood of divorce or separation among couples who learned their HIV-negative results together.” (Thornton & Kohlerworking paper; Malawi)
  • Everything you ever wanted to know on the theory and empirical evidence about bargaining within the household. “The empirical literature on intra-household decision making documents a large number of clear departures from first-best efficiency in household decisions in developing countries” (#AcademicUnderstatement). The authors also lay out areas that have yet to be modeled: “Our survey also indicates a number of interesting issues that require a nonco-operative approach and have been overlooked by the literature so far.” (They’re all in the last paragraph of the paper!) (Baland & Ziparoworking paper; cross-country)
  • How does internal displacement affect women’s attitudes about domestic violence? “Forced migrant women endure violence for longer and of greater intensity before deciding to seek assistance.” Specifically, “Kurdish women who migrated from their homes during the conflict are more likely to believe that a husband is justified in beating his wife,” and “women who were forced to migrate are 16 percentage points more inclined to believe domestic violence is acceptable.” (Gulesciworking paper; Turkey)
  • Based on a sample of 300+ couples in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, there is “no evidence that a larger bride price payment is associated with earlier marriage or with higher fertility.” In fact, “larger bride price payments are actually associated with better-quality marriages as measured by beliefs about the acceptability of domestic violence, the frequency of engaging in positive activities as a couple, and the self-reported happiness of the wife.” (Lowes & Nunnworking paper; Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Outside options

  • What works to reduce early pregnancy? A review of 30 papers suggests that “the more recent trend focusing on the expansion of economic opportunities shows a lot of promise… documenting sustained improvements in behaviour and reductions in early pregnancies.” Then the authors present new evidence from health and entrepreneurship training in Tanzania: Both trainings has some impact, but the entrepreneurship training noses ahead. They analyze 3,000+ essays written by adolescent girls in the process, which gives us a chance to hear directly from some of these young women. (Berge et al.working paper; Tanzania)
  • “In Africa, female participation in entrepreneurial activities is higher than in any other region, with women representing about half of non-farm business ownership.” BUT in Uganda, “only 6 per cent of women operate in male-dominated sectors (i.e., where over 75 per cent of enterprises are male-owned).” What will help women to join these more lucrative sectors? A combination of information, mentorship, and early exposure. (Campos et al.working paper; Uganda)
  • “Microfinance institutions are commonly identified as empowering women and making them key actors in generating social change and economic development.” But what about the women who work for them? “There is close to gender parity at the entry level but gender gaps favouring men emerge at the higher ranks, and this is particularly true in the administrative career path.” Also, “female loan officers more likely to be working with clients who have had previous loans, and better terms.” (Ganguli, Hausmann, & Viarengoworking paper; unnamed country in Latin America)
  • Playing public goods games in Liberia, “women contributed substantially more to a small-scale development project when playing with other women than in mixed-gender groups, where they contributed at about the same levels as men.” Why? “Women placed great intrinsic value on contributing to the production of public goods when they knew that they were working collectively with other women.” (This contrasts with an experiment in Kenya, where women contributed less in mixed groups because they had pessimistic views how players in those games would behalf.) What does it mean? “Our main result thus supports the logic of practitioners who seek to engage communities through women-only groups.” (Fearon & Humphreysworking paper; Liberia)
  • A “social mobilization effort” in rural Pakistan “focused on encouraging self-help and collective action within the community as well as better linkages with government.” It included a “strong focus on increasing the participation of women in the village-level decision-making bodies.” Women emphasized health care as a priority, and the result was no higher utilization of primary health care facilities but yes reduced wait times, more post-natal care. It was also more likely that a woman had been visited by a health worker, and the quality of those visits rose. (Giné, Khalid, & Mansuriworking paper; Pakistan)

Laws and cultural norms

  • How are women affected when the state reverses progress on women’s rights? In the late 1990s, El Salvador made abortion a crime in all instances and began to prosecute it heavily. Piecing together a range of evidence and telling four women’s stories in detail, Viterna and co-authors demonstrate the impact of the abortion ban and show how its “effects were exacerbated by failures of the state in other areas of women’s lives,” such as a failure to guarantee women due process, education, and health care, and to protect them from abject poverty, child labor, abusive labor conditions, and violence. “By including ‘rights reversals’ in their analyses, scholars of gender and development can begin to investigate whether gender progress in some areas of governance can coexist with, or even contribute to, rights reversals in others.” (Viterna et al.working paper; El Salvador)
  • How do “legal systems with Islamic elements treat women”? “In a large number of Muslim-majority countries, legal practices have been consistent with a broadly progressive agenda.” But not everywhere! “These aspirations are not universally shared, however, in particular in the Gulf states.” (Bowenworking paper; Tunisia, Indonesia, and Iran)
  • “The introduction of the One Child Policy” in China “dramatically increased sex selection in certain regions,” and “the Chinese government responded to this by allowing parents who had a daughter as their first child to try for a second child… The increase in family size caused by this relaxation in the One Child Policy increased school enrolment of first-born daughters.” In other words, in this context, “first-born children benefit from having a younger sibling.” (Qianworking paper; China)
  • When is social engineering most likely to be effective in “suppressing gender-biased customs?” If you can’t get into this paper’s microeconomic theory, jump to the conclusion, which lays out what is most likely to work and when. “When women’s empowerment is slow to materialize, the struggle to achieve gender parity must be supported by reforms and institutional interventions directly addressing the problem.” (Platteau, Camilotti, & Auriolworking paper; theoretical)
  • “When we group households using conventional, government-defined categories of caste… lower-caste women are more likely to participate in the labour market, have greater decision making autonomy within their households and have greater freedom of movement.” BUT “aside from the government’s categories, caste is lived, experienced, and practised in everyday life as jāti” – “groups whose identities are manifested in a variety of ways: occupational status, property ownership, diets, gender norms, social practices, religious practices emphasizing purity and pollution, and systems of self-governance.” People often call them “sub-castes,” but they don’t always line up within government-defined castes. And it turns out that “the overall relationship between caste and female employment is driven by specific jatis.” So seeking to improve women’s status through caste-focused interventions may not work as expected. (Joshi, Kochhar, & Raoworking paper; India)
  • Most of the research on “missing women” has focused on Asia. But what about Africa? “Overall, there are more than 1.7 million excess female deaths each year in Africa. Expressed as a fraction of the female population, the African numbers are significantly higher than their Chinese or Indian counterparts. Roughly 425,000 of these excess female deaths in Africa are in the younger age category (zero to 14 years old), while the remaining 1.3 million are in the older age category (15 to 59 years old)… In both age groupings, the largest numbers are in West Africa.” (Anderson & Rayworking paper; across Africa)

 

 

The post The latest evidence on gender and development appeared first on INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Will China Overrun Latin America?

#ALERT - 18. Februar 2019 - 2:23

If you care about the mega-diverse ecosystems of Latin America and the Caribbean — and the economic health and welfare of its nations — you’ll want to read this brief essay about China’s role in the region’s development future.

Especially about the Amazon, Bolivia’s dam, and Jaguar fangs.

THE BELT & ROAD IN LATIN AMERICA

China is the biggest investor in Latin America — spending tens of billions of dollars each year on big road, dam, rail, mining, logging, and fossil-fuel projects. 

Those investments could explode with China’s Belt & Road Initiative — by far the biggest development scheme in Earth’s history.

The Belt & Road originally spanned 70 nations in Asia, Africa, and Europe.  But it keeps growing.  It now includes Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Arctic, encompassing 130 nations and much of the planet.

At present, the Belt & Road will involve roughly 7,000 new mega-projects with an incredible cost — perhaps $8 trillion in total.

If you really want to learn about the Belt & Road, watch this recent public lecture (by ALERT director Bill Laurance at the University of Queensland).  If it doesn’t scare you, you probably don’t have a pulse.

Unfortunately, no-one in China will see this lecture or anything like it.

Inside China, bad news about the Belt & Road is blocked by China’s government censors, its Great Internet Firewall, and a great deal of passive censorship — meaning no Chinese journalist who is sane would translate a negative story about the Belt & Road into Mandarin Chinese.

The Belt & Road is the scheme of President Xi Jinping — potentially China’s leader for life.  Thanks to Xi Jinping, the Belt & Road is officially inscribed into the Charter of the Central Communist Party, making it illegal for any Chinese citizen or media outlet to openly criticize it.

Inside China, there are few brakes on the Belt & Road.  Very little transparency.  No balance.  No open debate. 

It’s not the fault of the Chinese people.  It’s the fault of their authoritarian government.

BE AFRAID?

And as the Belt & Road advances into Latin America and the Caribbean, there are very good reasons to worry. 

For one thing, Chinese companies and financiers commonly use corruption to get what they want—bribing even at the highest levels of a government.  

According to Transparency International, a highly respected organization, “There have been no investigations or charges ever laid in China against its companies, citizens, or residents for foreign corrupt practices”. 

That’s truly astonishing.  For Chinese firms and financiers, it’s OK — bribe away!

Furthermore, most Chinese corporations don’t reveal what they spent, where they spend it, or how much profits they make.  That’s why only a few Chinese firms are listed on international stock-exchanges, such as the Dow Jones or ASIC, which require financial transparency. 

This is a formula for promoting bad business practices, social abuses, environmental crimes, and predatory development. 

These are massive risks for the 130 host nations that China wants to exploit for minerals, fossil fuels, timber, food, and land, as well as for ports and other geopolitical assets. 

Giant risks also abound for the myriad investors from around the world that are being asked to help to pay for the Belt & Road — investors that could potentially contribute trillions of dollars to the venture.  Unless these investors are careful, they could lose vast sums of money and take gigantic hits on their reputations.

THREE EXAMPLES

How will the Belt & Road impact on Latin America and the Caribbean?  You could write a book.  Here are three examples:

1.  Killer Dam: In Bolivia, Chinese mega-firm Sinohydro is building a major dam that will rip through the heart of Carrasco National Park — a jewel of tropical biodiversity. You can see a 30-second video about it here (and here in Spanish).

2. Assault on the Amazon:  In Brazil, President Bolsonaro — an authoritarian populist with an extreme pro-development agenda, often called the “Tropical Trump” — is turning to China to help it fund an assault on the Amazon.  With Chinese support, Bolsonaro wants to crisscross the Amazon with new roads, railroads, dams, mines, and other big development projects — potentially shredding the world’s greatest rainforest and imperiling its many indigenous groups.

3. Slaughtering Jaguars: China is the world’s biggest consumer of wildlife and wildlife parts.  This is now impacting the magnificent Jaguar, which is being hunted down across Latin America for its fangs, pelt, and bones — in order to feed an insatiable Chinese market.

SMART DEVELOPMENT OR BAD DEVELOPMENT?

Nobody could argue that Latin America and the Caribbean don’t urgently need smart economic and social development. 

But there’s a world of difference between well-conceived development that benefits a wide cross-section of society, versus ill-advised, often predatory projects that leave host nations mired in debt. 

Such ‘bad’ projects tend to enrich a few powerful people — such as certain politicians and land developers — but the rest of the population gains little or falls behind economically.

Many bad projects also create environmental crises — creating long-term social and economic problems for the host nations.

ALERT’s scientists and economists are calling out the Belt & Road juggernaut— underscoring its exceptional dangers and excesses, of which we see far too many. 

Just don’t say you haven’t been warned.

Kategorien: english

Dialogue on African Security at the Munich Security Conference

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Fri, 15 Feb 2019 HH:mm:ss
Inter-country cooperation and peacekeeping are crucial for sustainable development. The Munich Security Conference is a forum for stakeholders.
Kategorien: english

A paradise for renewable energy

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Tue, 26 Jun 2018 HH:mm:ss
Chile is transforming itself from a coal and gas consumer into a producer of solar power and helping to mitigate climate change.
Kategorien: english

Improving living conditions for people in Kakuma

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Tue, 19 Jun 2018 HH:mm:ss
On World Refugee Day: In the second largest refugee camp in Kenya, farmers are coming together to produce vegetables – and the surrounding communities are benefiting too.
Kategorien: english

Paying by smartphone: digital change in Jordan

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 HH:mm:ss
Depositing cash or paying bills: in Jordan, this is possible via app – and at the hairdresser. In particular, this helps the refugees living in the country and the (often poor) Jordanians without a bank account.
Kategorien: english

We have to – and want to – talk: More sustainability through dialogue

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Wed, 13 Jun 2018 HH:mm:ss
What do policy-makers, entrepreneurs and civil society expect of GIZ in terms of its corporate sustainability management? The second Stakeholders’ Day held yesterday in Berlin explored this question in-depth.
Kategorien: english

Responsibility: Germany's role in the world

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Fri, 08 Jun 2018 HH:mm:ss
The latest issue of GIZ’s akzente magazine is now available. The lead topic, ‘Responsibility’, explores Germany’s role in the world from various perspectives.
Kategorien: english

Development in fragile states

GIZ Germany - 18. Februar 2019 - 1:47
: Fri, 16 Feb 2018 HH:mm:ss
When working in regions affected by conflict, the demands are high – long-term reform processes and reliable partnerships are particularly valuable.
Kategorien: english

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