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The French response to the Corona Crisis: semi-presidentialism par excellence

GDI Briefing - 19. Januar 2038 - 4:14

This blog post analyses the response of the French government to the Coronavirus pandemic. The piece highlights how the semi-presidential system in France facilitates centralized decisions to manage the crisis. From a political-institutional perspective, it is considered that there were no major challenges to the use of unilateral powers by the Executive to address the health crisis, although the de-confinement phase and socio-economic consequences opens the possibility for more conflictual and opposing reactions. At first, approvals of the president and prime minister raised, but the strict confinement and the reopening measures can be challenging in one of the European countries with the highest number of deaths, where massive street protests, incarnated by the Yellow vests movement, have recently shaken the political scene.

Kategorien: english

Research during Covid-19: learning from practice

ODI - 14. Juli 2020 - 0:00
We discuss how research and data collection has adapted to Covid-19 and what a new 'normal' should look like
Kategorien: english

Global consultation on youth and digital technologies in sub-Saharan Africa

ODI - 14. Juli 2020 - 0:00
A global dialogue to produce recommendations for how organisations can support African youth to make the most of digital tech in a post-Covid-19 world.
Kategorien: english

Global consultation on youth and digital technologies in sub-Saharan Africa

ODI - 14. Juli 2020 - 0:00
A global dialogue to produce recommendations for how organisations can support African youth to make the most of digital tech in a post-Covid-19 world.
Kategorien: english

teamGLOBAL 2020 – The world is that what you make out of it!

weitzenegger.de - 10. Juli 2020 - 23:17

In Germany, teamGLOBAL is a participative and open network of young people and young adults between 16 and 27 years. It offers educational actions on the topic of globalization for young people. The aim is to work together with young people to find out where they encounter globalization in their everyday lives and what options there are for taking action to respond to this development. Visit them at teamglobal.de

After observing the founders of teamGLOBAL for a while, I volunteer since 2015 to serve on the advisory board of this initiative as their private sector link.

While having strong institutional foundation and parterships, teamGLOBAL stays a youth-led initiative. They mobilize the power of peer-to-peer learning of diverse people in the crucial age between 16 and 27 years.

I did not need to raise commitment for the SDGs there, as these young people surprise me again and again with their natural and fresh approach to just doing the right things their way. teamGLOBAL activists translate the Global Goals into daily life issues of their generation, using their own inspiration and thinking.

teamGLOBAL keeps a professional dedication to knowledge transfer on global challenges, systemic long-term thinking, and responsible actions. By connecting as peers, young people feel how they can shape their future. The SDG interlink these activities, but they become strong personal issues when changing things. I witnessed at several teamGLOBAL activities how learning leads to behavior change. This is really an innovation we need for social transformation.

teamGLOBAL maintains its participative youth leadership and has proven to be dynamic and scalable. Most amazingly, the coverage of actions has reached quite remote places and unusual audiences. However, the work depends on funding. Most of the work is carried out voluntarily. These young activists will stay committed throughout life.

I recommend teamGLOBAL getting more globally connected to the UN SDG Action Campagin. They are one of the few initiatives in Germany that link excellence in Civic Education with Education for Sustainable Development. This can be valuable to the Campaign. The initiative itself will benefit from being recognized globally, as this confirms their identity and promotes their networking with international peers.

Kategorien: english

COVID-19 | A conversation with Peter Sands

Devex - 10. Juli 2020 - 18:54
Kategorien: english

Improving transparency of lending to sovereign governments

ODI - 10. Juli 2020 - 0:00
This paper looks at how debt transparency can be strengthened.
Kategorien: english

It's time for the UK to reset its relationship with African countries

ODI - 10. Juli 2020 - 0:00
The government must take note of a new House of Lords report by resetting economic relations and publishing an ambitious Africa strategy.
Kategorien: english

Global Acceleration Framework to speed up water and sanitation access for all

UN #SDG News - 9. Juli 2020 - 20:52
A new mechanism launched on Thursday aims to speed up action so that people everywhere will have access to water and sanitation by the end of the decade, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Kategorien: english

Address ‘unprecedented’ impact of coronavirus on Latin America and the Caribbean, urges Guterres

UN ECOSOC - 9. Juli 2020 - 19:17
As COVID-19 continues to spread throughout the world, Latin America and the Caribbean have become a “hotspot of the pandemic”, the UN chief said on Thursday, releasing a new policy initiative on how best to recover in a region already embroiled in poverty, hunger, unemployment and inequality.   
Kategorien: english

Hong Kong Braces for Troubled Times After China Imposes New National Security Law

UN Dispatch - 9. Juli 2020 - 16:17

On June 30th, China imposed a new law on Hong Kong that severely curtailed political freedom and freedom of expression. The new National Security Law criminalized most forms of dissent and protest, adding criminal offenses for things like “subversion” and “collusion.” Police in Hong Kong were swift to enforce the new law, arresting people for the language on signs they held.

This move by Beijing is the latest in a series of efforts to quash a political and social movement in Hong Kong that has resisted China’s attempt to impose authoritarian rule on the historically independent city.

Hong Kong has seen this before

In recent years, as China has become more powerful on the world stage, the Chinese Communist Party has sought to erode Hong Kong’s political independence.  Last year at this time there were massive peaceful protests against a law that would permit the extradition of people from Hong Kong to China. In the year since, police and pro-Beijing authorities have cracked down on protests. And now, with this powerful new law, people are being arrested for the signs they are waving.

“This law,” says my guest Victoria Tin-Bor Hui, “means the One China, Two Systems model is dead.”

Victoria Tin-Bor Hui is an associate professor of political science at the University of Notre Dame. We discuss the content of the new National Security Law before having a broader conversation about its political and social implications of this new era for Asia’s World City.

Get the podcast to listen later Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

The post Hong Kong Braces for Troubled Times After China Imposes New National Security Law appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Rapid evidence during COVID-19: results from the RECOVR survey in Ghana

INCLUDE Platform - 9. Juli 2020 - 14:50

Innovations for Poverty Action’s (IPA) Research for Effective COVID-19 Responses (RECOVR) program has been working to track the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis in real-time, and share data quickly with decision makers to enable rapid and informed responses in low- and middle-income countries. The program include two separate surveys, the COVID-19 Economic Impact Surveys and the Rapid Response Surveys. The initial findings of these surveys reveal some expected (and some surprising) trends. What comes through most strongly is the deep interconnection between livelihoods, social protection, and food and wellbeing security that must be considered more explicitly in forming policies for recovery and longer term resilience.

The COVID-19 Economic Impact Surveys, a joint initiative with the International Growth Centre (ICG), are collecting information on how the pandemic has affected different economic agents (including large companies, informal businesses and SMEs, self-employed, workers, and farmers), with raw data already available for Nigeria. Of the 876 informal market vendors who were part of the survey in Lagos, only 132 (15%) were receiving government support, and an equal portion did not know how to apply for such support, showing a large gap in social protection coverage and transparency.

The Rapid Response Surveys, conducted in 8 developing countries so far (including 6 in Africa), are planned to run multiple times in each country in order to generate valuable longitudinal data on a range of socioeconomic trends, which can be aligned with the timing of various policy interventions to assess their effectiveness. The surveys have a core component, with additional modules adapted to country-level knowledge demands. Questions mainly surround the size and scope of disruptions to government service provision; the extent of vulnerability across geographies and demographics; and the impacts on work, education, healthcare and nutrition at the household level.

RECOVR research hub In addition to its surveys, the RECOVR Research Hub contains a growing portfolio of IPA and non-IPA studies related to the COVID-19 response in low- and middle-income countries. Some of these studies evaluate the impact of existing development programs on a population’s ability to cope with the pandemic-related crisis; others inform the creation of new programs aimed at mitigating its impacts on health, livelihoods and other outcomes. The hub also contains articles on the collection and use of data (see phone survey in Senegal) and the experiences of groups or sectors in specific contexts (see women in the garment industry in Ethiopia).

 

Results from Ghana

On July 2, IPA held a webinar to discuss the results of the first round of the Rapid Response Survey in Ghana, which was conducted from May 6-26 and had 1,357 participants. The sample was acquired via random dialling of phone numbers, and although it was not fully representative (on average, participants were younger, more male, more urban and more educated than the national averages), the re-weighted results did not differ greatly from the raw results, so the evidence was considered valid for informing policy. The following key points came out of the survey:

  1. 3 in 4 respondents believed that they were not at risk of contracting COVID-19. The vast majority of these individuals attributed their lack of risk to following preventative measures – over 90% reported washing their hands more frequently and wearing masks, with the assumption that these make them immune. This has led to some risky behaviours, such as the breaching of social distancing rules, which increase the chances of disease spread.
  2. Households in Ghana have experienced significant losses in jobs, working hours and earnings as a result of lockdowns and border closures. While 65% of respondents reported working in February, only 41% did in the week prior to the survey in May. Of those still working, 41% had experienced lower earnings, and 29% reduced work hours, with more than 20% of interviewees scaling back inputs to their businesses. Retail and manufacturing firms were found to have been hit hardest by workplace closures and reduced demand. These trends are expected to have increased since the survey was carried out.
  3. Around 40% of children had not spent any time on education during school closures, and the ones who had been learning had spent, on average, just 6 hours per week on education. The main reasons for the lack of time learning included a lack of engagement from parents and a lack of support from teachers and schools. There was also a clear gap in interactive methods for learning – 60% of school children reported using their own school books, compared to less than 15% learning via internet resources.
  4. Despite government service subsidies in place since April 1, as well as new and expanded transfer programs, the number of beneficiaries from these interventions remains low. Just 14% of respondents reported benefiting from the free provision of electricity or water, since many of Ghana’s poorest households remain unconnected to the national grid. Moreover, just 2.8% were benefiting from cash or food programs, which could be due to inadequate eligibility criteria or delivery methods. Subsequently, over half of those surveyed had to deplete their savings since February 2020 in order to afford food, healthcare or other expenses, and poor households were more likely than non-poor households to have sold off assets.
  5. Food insecurity came through as a stark and pervasive problem. Issues on both the supply side (29% experienced shortages in food supplies, and 64% higher prices) and the demand side (57% struggled to afford food due to income losses) had resulted in two in five of households skipping meals, and many more limiting portion sizes and the variety of food they consumed. Food insecurity was more common in households with school-aged children, which poses risk to their development in addition to their immunity to the virus.

 

Implications for Policy
  1. More awareness is needed around transmission and comorbidity related to COVID-19. For example, knowing which types of masks work to protect people, and who is more at risk of serious illness. Many young African’s have already taken up this role of information sharing. Strong support is also needed from community leaders to spread important messages in local languages and encourage adherence to the rules. This would alleviate the need for enforcement through police coercion, which has caused social tensions to date.
  2. There is an urgent need for social protection to protect small businesses. Only 20,000 SMEs have received support from the USD 1 billion disbursement fund approved in April, even though small businesses contribute over 70% to Ghana’s GDP. This has already had a large negative impact on livelihoods at the household level, and will continue to worsen unless more support is given to get SMEs back on their feet.
  3. A lot of effort is needed to make up for missed education and create more resilient sectoral education plans for the future. It is first vital that all children return to school, including those that have not been learning. It is also important to improve communication between parents, teachers and schools to facilitate continued learning and, where feasible, to adapt learning content and methods to suit the variety of learner circumstances and make sure no child is left behind.
  4. Rethinking of subsidies and transfers is required to reach vulnerable households and avoid them falling (back/deeper) into poverty and exacerbating inequalities. Particular attention should be given to remote households who are not connected to the grid or who are financially excluded. Interventions should prioritise the availability and affordability of nutritious food to avoid knock-on effects in wellbeing and development later on. Household size could be a factor in determining the eligibility and adequacy of transfers to ensure that children in large households do not suffer disproportionately.

 

The information in this article was extracted from IPA’s webinar on July 2, which you can watch here. Stay updated on further rounds and locations of the survey through the RECOVR webpage.

 

Het bericht Rapid evidence during COVID-19: results from the RECOVR survey in Ghana verscheen eerst op INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

ONLINE | Launch of CDP Paper - National Reports on the 2030 Agenda: What do they (not) reveal?

Global Policy Forum - 9. Juli 2020 - 12:25

Since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, member states and civil society have reported on the progress made in achieving the SDGs and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.

Monday, 13 July, 2020, 8:00 - 9:00 am EDT

Please register here

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Building tax systems in developing countries is vital to overcoming COVID-19 and achieving the SDGs

OECD - 9. Juli 2020 - 11:00
By Ben Dickinson, Head of the Global Relations and Development Division, Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, OECD The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) serve to stimulate action in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet. With the COVID-19 pandemic affecting lives and livelihoods alike, the question is how will the SDGs be financed? … Continue reading Building tax systems in developing countries is vital to overcoming COVID-19 and achieving the SDGs
Kategorien: english

UN chief highlights need for decent jobs to fuel COVID-19 recovery

UN ECOSOC - 8. Juli 2020 - 20:13
More than 50 Heads of State and government, alongside global employers’ and trade union leaders, have been taking part in an online discussion on Wednesday looking at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world of work.
Kategorien: english

Identify and address ‘real needs’ to recover from COVID-19, UN rights expert urges

UN ECOSOC - 8. Juli 2020 - 20:08
There is no doubt that the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in “a serious setback” for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, an independent UN human rights expert said on Wednesday, urging a high-level meeting to “take a hard look” at implementation efforts to live up to the promise to leave no one behind.
Kategorien: english

Identify and address ‘real needs’ to recover from COVID-19, UN rights expert urges

UN #SDG News - 8. Juli 2020 - 20:08
There is no doubt that the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in “a serious setback” for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, an independent UN human rights expert said on Wednesday, urging a high-level meeting to “take a hard look” at implementation efforts to live up to the promise to leave no one behind.
Kategorien: english

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