Sie sind hier

english

The French response to the Corona Crisis: semi-presidentialism par excellence

GDI Briefing - 19. Januar 2038 - 4:14

This blog post analyses the response of the French government to the Coronavirus pandemic. The piece highlights how the semi-presidential system in France facilitates centralized decisions to manage the crisis. From a political-institutional perspective, it is considered that there were no major challenges to the use of unilateral powers by the Executive to address the health crisis, although the de-confinement phase and socio-economic consequences opens the possibility for more conflictual and opposing reactions. At first, approvals of the president and prime minister raised, but the strict confinement and the reopening measures can be challenging in one of the European countries with the highest number of deaths, where massive street protests, incarnated by the Yellow vests movement, have recently shaken the political scene.

Kategorien: english

Sampling respondents in migration surveys: challenges and trade-offs

ODI - 8. Oktober 2020 - 0:00
This event, co-hosted by MIGNEX and GMDAC, explores the design and implementation of sampling strategies for migration and development surveys.
Kategorien: english

Strengthening disability inclusion in humanitarian action

ODI - 7. Oktober 2020 - 0:00
We explore disability inclusive approaches being used in humanitarian action and what more needs to be done to move from rhetoric to action.
Kategorien: english

Justice for all and Afghanistan’s future

ODI - 6. Oktober 2020 - 0:00
Justice for all is essential for a durable peace in Afghanistan. We explore how to ensure it is the top of the pledging agenda at the 2020 Conference.
Kategorien: english

The UK’s support to the African Development Bank Group

ODI - 29. September 2020 - 0:00
This event, co-hosted by ICAI, explores how the UK can strengthen its strategic engagement with the Bank to ensure maximum impact and value for money.
Kategorien: english

Supporting job protection during and after the pandemic

ODI - 24. September 2020 - 0:00
This digital event explores the role Development Finance Institutions can play in making markets and jobs more resilient to international shocks.
Kategorien: english

Reimagining risk and resilience for a global future

ODI - 23. September 2020 - 0:00
At the UN's SDG Action Zone, we explore risks vulnerable populations face, their transboundary nature and building resilience for the future.
Kategorien: english

The negotiators' perspectives: charting new paths for climate and trade

ODI - 22. September 2020 - 0:00
What’s on the negotiating table at COP26, what trade related implications are there and how can development friendly outcomes be secured?
Kategorien: english

Global reset: a stronger, greener recovery

ODI - 22. September 2020 - 0:00
We discuss the levels of ambition for a green recovery in response to Covid-19 and the political, social and economic space to achieve that ambition in.
Kategorien: english

From 2020 HLPF to the first annual “SDG Moment”

Global Policy Watch - vor 5 Stunden 43 Minuten

Download UN Monitor #20 (pdf version).

By Elena Marmo

The first annual SDG Moment is set to take place on 18 September 2020, designed to reinvigorate efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Marking the last decade in which to achieve these goals, the moment will: “Set out a vision for a Decade of Action and recovering better from COVID-19; Provide a snapshot on SDG progress; Highlight plans and actions to tackle major implementation gaps; and Demonstrate the power and impact of action and innovation by SDG stakeholders.”

Highlighting this first SDG moment at the close of the HLPF in July, Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed stated, “We hope to generate greater momentum, solutions and solidarity to address the massive implementation gaps that we are all so keenly aware of.” At the event on 18 September, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres will present his “Vision for Decade of Action”. He gave a preview perhaps at the HLPF, saying:

“The COVID-19 crisis is having devastating impacts because of our past and present failures. Because we have yet to take the SDGs seriously. Because we have put up with inequalities within and between countries that have left billions of people just one crisis away from poverty and financial ruin. Because we haven’t invested adequately in resilience – in universal health coverage; quality education; social protection; safe water and sanitation. Because we have yet to right the power imbalances that leave women and girls to constantly bear the brunt of any crisis. Because we haven’t heeded warnings about the damage that we are inflicting on our natural environment. Because of the shocking risks we are taking with climate disruption. And because we have undervalued effective international cooperation and solidarity.”

The first SDG Moment sets its sights high and needs to address a number of concerns about the future of the 2030 Agenda were raised at the HLPF.

Leave no one behind?

The term, “Leave no one behind” has become an official slogan of the 2030 Agenda. Multiple statements of efforts to be inclusive, while welcome, are selective and neglect many disadvantaged groups, and ignore the dynamics, policies and practices that push many behind. At a HLPF side event on national reporting on the 2030 Agenda, Committee for Development Policy (CDP) member Sakiko Fukuda-Parr said: “most voluntary national reports mention leave no one behind, (45 out of the 47) but it’s the depth of that principle we are concerned about with only seven recognizing what policies might be pushing people behind.”

To push no one behind requires that Member States examine not only their efforts of inclusion, but also policies and practices that may be effectively excluding or pushing groups behind, both within their national borders and in terms of extraterritorial responsibilities. This links to a broader discussion on reducing inequalities between and within countries. The Secretary-General’s 2020 SDG Progress Report noted that “progress had either stalled or been reversed: the number of people suffering from hunger was on the rise; climate change was occurring much faster than anticipated; and inequality continued to increase within and among countries”.

Belgium observed that the commitment to leaving no one behind without detail or an inequality framing would fail as “successfully fighting climate change will require us to ensure that the transition is just, or we risk leaving people behind”. To that point, the European Union also noted: “Building back better is the first task of the Decade of Action. We have to join our forces to accelerate the implementation of the SDGs to achieve a transformative shift by 2030 that leaves no one behind.” How will Member States use the SDG Moment and Decade of Action to promote policies that curtail action pushing populations and countries behind?

Worsening inequalities—change measurement?

COVID-19’s socio-economic effects have raised a myriad of issues related to inequalities. In particular, SDG 10 to reduce inequalities within and among countries permeated discussions from digital technologies to macroeconomic recovery.

At an HLPF session on mobilizing international solidarity, accelerating action and embarking on new pathways to realize the 2030 Agenda and the Samoa Pathway, Barbados called on all Member States to “pay more attention to this notion of vulnerability. It’s not about GDP per capita, [rather] what is our capacity to absorb new technology, composition of our population, levels of education and skills that allows us … to really take advantage of the resources that we have?”

This was echoed by Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa, Vera Songwe, who noted: “the importance of changing our classification during this crisis…if we stay within our traditional sort of GDP per capita definitions of the crisis we will not be addressing the countries.” How will the SDG Moment and Decade of Action build on these calls and usher in an understanding of vulnerability to the 2030 Agenda?

Multilateralism or Multi-stakeholderism

As the effects of COVID-19 reverse progress made on the SDGs, conversations regarding financing and implementation of the 2030 Agenda have heightened urgency. However, rather than a robust multilateral effort to establish fiscal space for the public sector, Member States have turned once again to the private sector for support. Without clarification on related responsibilities, the unconditional or unqualified inclusion of the private sector and multinational companies shifts multilateralism to multi-stakeholderism, and risks bypassing people-centred and human rights-based multilateralism and related standards of accountability and universality.

Secretary-General Guterres urged Member States:

“We must also reimagine the way nations cooperate. The pandemic has underscored the need for a strengthened and renewed multilateralism: A multilateralism based on the powerful ideals and objectives enshrined in the Charter and in the agreements defined across the decades since…We need a networked multilateralism…And we need an inclusive multilateralism, drawing on the critical contributions of civil society, business, foundations, the research community, local authorities, cities and regional governments.”

At an HLPF session on financing the 2030 Agenda amid COVID-19, Ibrahim Mayaki from NEPAD emphasized that “no man is an island, no country is on its own. Africa as a continent is affected by global imperatives, good or not…Resilience alone without a holistic approach to well-being and broader development needs is counter-productive.”  This recognition of the interdependence of countries reflects a necessary distinction between “shared” responsibilities and the notion of solidarity. The “global imperatives” caused by climate change, cross-border trade, illicit finance and tax cooperation reflect the need for international co-operation and solidarity.

In the 2020 Spotlight Report on Sustainable Development, Barbara Adams notes: “Multilateral solidarity is gaining traction as the slogan for mobilizing support for international cooperation and for the UN. Is it replacing or merely renaming cross-border obligations, many of which have been enshrined over decades in UN treaties, conventions and agreements, and the principle of common but differentiated responsibility in their implementation?”

Beyond Building Back Better

The phrase “Build Back Better”, applied by Secretary-General Guterres to the context of climate change, took hold at the HLPF, with many Member States, UN Staff, and civil society organizations calling for development action to make this possible, as well as asking if what is needed is rather to build back differently.

Isabelle Durant, Deputy Secretary-General of UNCTAD remarked: “I’m tired of hearing building back better. What is better? We need to build back differently, more diversified economies, greener, more inclusive. Who are we building back better for? Big economies, for profit, and big business, or for sustainable development?”

Guyana on behalf the of the G77 and Belize agreed. Belize states that building back better, "for SIDS is not going back to what they had. When we were encouraged to diversify our countries and markets we took what we were really good at and exchanged it for something else, not a true diversification."

However, the United Kingdom was an early proponent of the idea, noting, "we must not be consumed by the challenge alone; we must use this as an opportunity to rebuild better. This is the moment to shape a recovery that delivers cleaner, healthier, more inclusive and more resilient economies and societies.” The European Union echoed this sentiment, stating: “Building back better is the first task of the Decade of Action.”

Germany highlighted concerns regarding the SDGs, noting: “Instead of falling behind in the implementation of the SDGs, we must think about how we restart our economies in a way that will accelerate implementation.” The United Kingdom posed the SDGs as a roadmap for recovery “that puts the 2030 agenda for sustainable development and the goals of the Paris Agreement back within reach as we collectively rise to the challenge of the decade of action”.

Pakistan noted the role COVID-19 can play in rebuilding not only better but differently, saying that COVID-19 “has exacerbated the systemic risks and fragilities in our economic and financial systems and development models. It has also highlighted the cascading impact of disasters crossing economic, social, environmental, dimensions of sustainable development, and affecting all countries, especially developing countries."

The COVID-19 crisis has heightened, not diminished the urgency for action on the SDGs. As stated by the President of ECOSOC: “Our development gains are at risk of being reversed in the very year when we launched a Decade of Action and Delivery to accelerate the implementation the Sustainable Development Goals.” While COVID-19 has massively disrupted economies, health systems and social protection worldwide, Member States continue to invest trust and support in the 2030 Agenda. However ambitious and essential its SDGs may be, it lacks an accountability mechanism to get them back on track.

Secretary-General speaks out

Just two days after the HLPF came to a close, Secretary-General Guterres, delivering the Nelson Mandela lecture, called for major reform to the UN Security Council, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, saying:

“COVID-19 has been likened to an x-ray, revealing fractures in the fragile skeleton of the societies we have built. It is exposing fallacies and falsehoods everywhere: The lie that free markets can deliver healthcare for all; the fiction that unpaid care work is not work; the delusion that we live in a post-racist world; the myth that we are all in the same boat. Because while we are all floating on the same sea, it’s clear that some are in super-yachts while others are clinging to drifting debris…. Inequality defines our time.”

He added: "The response to the pandemic, and to the widespread discontent that preceded it, must be based on a New Social Contract and a New Global Deal that create equal opportunities for all and respect the rights and freedoms of all. This is the only way that we will meet the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda – agreements that address precisely the failures that are being exposed and exploited by the pandemic.”

With eyes focused on the first annual SDG Moment to “set out a vision for a Decade of Action and recovering better from COVID-19”, how will Member States respond to calls to go beyond implementation gaps to tackle systemic failures, the need to do things differently, and to reinvigorate the multilateral system?

The post From 2020 HLPF to the first annual “SDG Moment” appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Repenser le développement en Afrique et pour l’Afrique

OECD - 17. September 2020 - 18:08
Par Firmin Edouard Matoko, Sous-directeur général, Département Afrique, UNESCO Ce blog fait partie d’une série qui invite acteurs et penseurs à renouveler le discours actuel sur l’Afrique et son développement  La crise du COVID-19 qui a révélé l’extrême fragilité des économies africaines, est venue nous rappeler les limites du développement en Afrique. De nombreux africains … Continue reading Repenser le développement en Afrique et pour l’Afrique
Kategorien: english

PRESS RELEASE: Launch of the global civil society report Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2020

Global Policy Watch - 17. September 2020 - 15:41

PRESS RELEASE: Launch of the global civil society report Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2020.
On the eve of the (virtual) United Nations 75th anniversary event

Pushing the reset button will not change the game

New York, 18 September 2020. The COVID-19 crisis and the worldwide measures to tackle it have deeply affected communities, societies and economies around the globe. The implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has been put at high risk in many countries. COVID-19 is a global wake-up call for enhanced international cooperation and solidarity.

But calls for “building back better” by just pushing the reset button will not change the game. We need structural changes in societies and economies that ensure the primacy of human rights, gender justice and sustainability.

This is the key message of the 2020 edition of the Spotlight Report on Sustainable Development “Shifting policies for a systemic change.” It is published by a broad range of civil society organizations today – on the eve of the Global Action Week for the SDGs and three days before UN`s 75th (virtual) anniversary summit.

The Spotlight Report 2020 unpacks various features and amplifiers of the COVID-19 emergency and its inter-linkages with other crises. The report points out that even before COVID-19, many countries – especially in the global South – were in an economic crisis, characterized by contractionary fiscal policy, growing debt and austerity measures that made these countries more vulnerable to future crises. They are results of a dysfunctional system that puts corporate profit above the rights and well-being of people and planet.

Governments and international organizations have responded to the COVID-19 crisis on a massive scale. The announced liquidity measures, rescue packages and recovery programmes total US$ 11 trillion worldwide. But overall, most measures were not sufficient to meet people’s real financial needs and did not take environmental justice into account.

A true alternative: the “8 R”- agenda for transformational recovery

According to the Spotlight Report, it is therefore all the more important that longer-term reforms not only support economic recovery, but also promote necessary structural change which will decisively improve peoples’ lives, such as strengthened public social protection systems, improved remuneration and rights of workers in the care economy, and the transition to circular economies, which seek to decouple growth from consumption of finite planetary resources.

As an alternative to the “Great Reset” initiative launched by the World Economic Forum to supposedly rescue capitalism, the Spotlight Report offers the “8 R”- agenda for transformational recovery. It identifies 8 key political and social areas in which re-thinking and re-structuring is indispensable, including the need for reclaiming truly public services and revaluing the central importance of care in our societies; decisively shifting the balance between local and global value chains; pursuing climate justice; a radical redistribution of economic power and resources and bold regulation of global finance for the common good;  and – underpinning this all – boosting multilateral solidarity and multilateralism by clearly strengthening the UN and its bodies.

“Multiple crises can only be overcome if the massive power asymmetries within and between societies can be reduced”, the authors conclude.

Download the Press Release (pdf version) here.

More details of the “8 R” – agenda can be found here.

The Spotlight Report is published by the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND), the Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR), Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN), Global Policy Forum (GPF), Public Services International (PSI), Social Watch, Society for International Development (SID), and Third World Network (TWN), supported by the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2020
Shifting policies for systemic change – Lessons from the global COVID-19 crisis
Global Civil Society Report on the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs
Beirut/Bonn/Ferney-Voltaire/Montevideo/New York/Penang/Rome/Suva, September 2020
www.2030spotlight.org
#SpotlightSDGs

For media requests, interviews with the authors or further questions please contact:

Monika Hoegen
Global Policy Forum Europe
Coordinator for Media Relations and Strategic Communication
Phone: +49(0)171-837-3462
Email: monikahoegen@globalpolicy.org

Some quotes from the Spotlight Report 2020:

“Governments and international organizations have responded to COVID-19 on an unprecedented scale. But there are indications that policy responses to the crisis so far ignore its structural causes, favour the vested interests of influential elites in business and society, further accelerate economic concentration processes, fail to break the vicious circle of indebtedness and austerity policies, and in sum, widen socioeconomic disparities within and between countries.”
Jens Martens, Global Policy Forum

“The social and economic consequences of COVID-19 are not an exogenous shock to an otherwise functioning system, but the consequences of a system that has instability and inequality hardwired into its DNA. We must move towards an economy that rests on ensuring human wellbeing and the realisation of rights.”
Carilee Osborne and Pamela Choga, Institute for Economic Justice, South Africa

“International solidarity is needed in the form of a Global Fund for Social Protection to jointly realize the human right to social security for all.”
Nicola Wiebe, Mira Bierbaum, Thomas Gebauer, Global Coalition for Social Protection Floors

“The essence of the change that is needed involves shifting the centre of gravity away from the global and take bold public policy and investment decisions to strengthen the domestic economies.”
Stefano Prato, Society for International Development

“The pandemic is galvanizing an ever-increasing array of actors to imagine how our economies could be reshaped if human rights and human dignity were put at their center, and to work together to make that vision a reality.”
Kate Donald, Ignacio Saiz, Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR)

“The UN has a rich and full envelope of vital and worthy commitments and obligations. Reiteration after 75 years is not enough. A new funding compact is a sine qua non to move these commitments into the reality of people’s lives.”
Barbara Adams, Global Policy Forum

The post PRESS RELEASE: Launch of the global civil society report Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2020 appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Easy meat: The case of the pork industry in South Africa

Brookings - 17. September 2020 - 15:05

By Christopher Rooney

South Africa is a minor player in the global pork market, accounting for only 0.18 percent of global pork production, but there is major room for expansion, especially in the Asian market, with pork consumption expected to increase by 7.9 and 6.6 percent per annum over the next five years in China and Singapore, respectively. Indeed, pig fat and related processed pork products have substantial export potential, offering a great economic opportunity for South Africa.*

In 2016, there were approximately 400 commercial pig farmers in South Africa that produced just under 3 million pigs for slaughter that year. Recent analysis actually reveals that the current capabilities within the South African pork industry—primarily the strong gene pool and highly scientific approach to feeding—suggest that the industry has room to expand. The key may lie in exporting to the high-demand markets in Asia (China, India, and Vietnam) and others in Africa (Namibia), as well as diversifying its product mix by, for example, exporting processed pork products in addition to fresh pork. Currently, though, two factors—namely biosecurity and state capacity—constrain the export opportunities presented by these markets, and thus any further expansion in the sector, and enlargement of the value chain.

Biosecurity and state capacity remain hindrances to the South African pork industry, though efforts to address them are moving forward.

According to Davids et al. (2014), of the 485 abattoirs in South Africa, only 150 slaughter pigs, and only five of these comply with the standards and regulations needed for accreditation to export. The limited availability of abattoirs that are export-compliant acts as a key constraint to entering new markets. In response, the South African Pig Producers Organisation (SAPPO), in conjunction with key players in the pig industry (producers, abattoirs, processors, retailers, and pig veterinarians), has made efforts to address biosecurity concerns, developing quality assurance and traceability standards for the South African Pig Industry—known as Pork 360. Pork 360 guarantees that pork producers meet a range of standards relating to, inter alia, pest control, internal biosecurity measures, and feed quality. Currently, pork producers’ participation in Pork 360 is voluntary.

A related issue required to ensure biosecurity is the supply of skilled and experienced veterinary experts. Compliance and accreditation with Pork 360 requires firms involved in primary production and downstream processing to employ or hire an accredited veterinary consultant who, in turn, regularly visits, advises, and evaluates the farm and production processes. Yet in South Africa, there are only 60 to 70 veterinarians per million people, compared to the international norm of 200 to 400 per million people. This shortage is due in part to a combination of veterinarians emigrating and students choosing degrees that are more lucrative.

In order to address these challenges, it is imperative that policymakers design policies that facilitate growth within the pork industry.

Recent research undertaken by the Development Policy Research Unit (and funded and overseen by the International Development Research Centre) outlines a number of potential policy recommendations that would encourage diversification and growth in the industry:

  • Designing and maintaining product certifications and standards will require growth in state capacity and expertise, to meet the needs of the pork industry. These tasks would need to be implemented and coordinated across a variety of state entities—such as the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) and the Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD). Such efforts would allow pork producers to access lucrative new export markets, such as China.
  • The government, in conjunction with universities, must open more veterinary schools in South Africa. There is currently only one, located at the University of Pretoria, and only around 100 new veterinarians graduate each year—an insufficient number to address the current shortage.
  • Similarly, pay for veterinarians—particularly in the state sector—must be increased. A recent report states that a veterinarian in South Africa with 20 years’ experience, could be expected to earn between R39,000 ($2,750) and R44,000 ($3,100) a month—compared to R90,000 a month in the United Kingdom. Not only is pay more lucrative overseas, but degrees in engineering or medicine also offer higher starting salaries than those in veterinary science.

By taking into account these policy recommendations, growth of the pork industry—yet another opportunity to enhance economic growth—in South Africa can be achieved.

Note: This research applies the economic complexity methodology to South Africa. Using the economic complexity framework, structural transformation, which is typically examined at the sectoral level, can now be examined at the more granular product level. The notion of economic complexity assumes that the diversification of a country’s productive structure toward more complex products is an important factor in contributing toward its economic development. This insight has stimulated a number of country case study applications of the framework where product-level avenues of diversification are identified.

       
Kategorien: english

Citizens and Civil Society Initiatives Celebrated the Good Life in Wuppertal

SCP-Centre - 17. September 2020 - 13:07

The mini-festival “Place of the Good Life”, held in August 2020 at the Platz der Republik in Wuppertal, brought together citizens and civil society actors in a creative and participatory format. The event marked the launch of a co-creation process towards the Day of the Good Life in Wuppertal, planned for 16 May 2021.

The ongoing pandemic has reminded us about the importance of our close communities and the value of well-connected neighbourhoods. After all, they provide the setting where much of our daily interaction takes place: meetings, discussions and the addressing of shared experiences and challenges.

Three hundred participants from around Wuppertal joined the event and participated in one of the thirty available activities. On big visioning walls, the participants could write and paint their ideas of the good life in Wuppertal.

A bee keeper brought some of his bees to show how honey is produced. Langerfeld blüht auf offered Wuppertal citizens an opportunity to produce seed bombs and green their neighbourhoods. Mechanics from Mirker Schrauber helped visitors to repair their bikes, whereas some learned how to drive a wheelchair with the support of a team from the Else-Lasker Schüler-Schule.

Participation in a panel on the topic of sustainable mobility was facilitated by Mobiles Wuppertal. An exhibition by Kitma and Power of Colour sparked reflections on racism in our daily life and nudged participants to think about how best to overcome it. A solar panel on the ground produced electricity during the festival and visitors could learn from the Bergische Bürgerenergiegenossenschaft how to use these small solar panels on their balconies to produce solar energy at home.

A Yoga and Zumba session added some physical activity. The event was concluded with an international public singing session with English, Turkish and German songs.

The four main topics: mobility, energy and living, nature and food, and togetherness will be the basis of the discussions that will take place in the next events. Following up on the “Place of the Good Life” event, neighbourhood meetings will involve citizens in the Ostersbaum area of Wuppertal in preparing activities for the Day of the Good Life, scheduled for 16 May 2021. In visioning workshops, the project will further collect ideas and actions for the final big event.

The Day of the Good Life is a joint project of the CSCP and its partners, the Nachbarschaftsheim Wuppertal, e.V., Idealwerk and the Forum für Soziale Innovation (FSI) gGmbH.

For further information, please contact Alexandra Kessler.

Der Beitrag Citizens and Civil Society Initiatives Celebrated the Good Life in Wuppertal erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

The CSR.digital Roadshow: Collaborating for Corporate Digital Responsibility

SCP-Centre - 17. September 2020 - 12:01

In late summer 2020, the team of CSR.digital went on the road. The agenda: conducting small Corporate Digital Responsibility (CDR) workshops with Chambers of Industry and Commerce (IHK) of North Rhine-Westphalia. The goal is to develop a comprehensive concept that can be used by various Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) as a framework for defining their role and action in the field of CDR.

The CSR.digital project created basic workshop formats by locating CDR action fields within a matrix of development. This basic format was tested and expanded at the respective chambers with the direct participation of SMEs.

The kick-off workshop took place in July at the IHK Bonn. Two SME representatives, Sandor Krönert from Tanzhaus Bonn and Holger Schwan from Projektservice Schwan shared experiences regarding their companies’ reaction to the ongoing pandemic. Mr. Krönert talked about their recently developed app for planning dance courses in ways that meet hygiene requirements while fulfilling the courses’ programme. Drawing on such particular examples, the project team and the SME representatives engaged in discussions about the various fields of action in CDR, such as the zero-waste principle, the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in support of sustainability goals, and the concept of the sharing economy. The participants also looked into areas with the greatest potential for positive impact at the SME level.

During the second workshop, which took place at the premises of IHK Düsseldorf, Thomas Götzen from the construction company Interboden shared more about their project ‘The Cradle’, in which they are using the Cradle-to-Cradle concept for the construction of an office building in Düsseldorf. Such experiences will be shared and discussed with other SMEs in order to find ways of replicating and upscaling them.

CSR.digital is planning to conduct further meetings with all IHK offices in North Rhine-Westphalia and jointly develop a comprehensive workshop concept that can used by SMEs to define their actions in the field of CDR. The next meeting will take place at the IHK Mönchengladbach on 8 October 2020.

CSR.digital – Sustainably Competitive is funded by the Ministry of Economic Affairs NRW via the EFRE fund.

For further information, please contact Anna Hilger.

Der Beitrag The CSR.digital Roadshow: Collaborating for Corporate Digital Responsibility erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

How to mobilize during a crisis

Devex - 17. September 2020 - 11:56
Kategorien: english

UNGA Goes Virtual! Previewing the 2020 United Nations General Assembly

UN Dispatch - 17. September 2020 - 9:57

This is the United Nations’ 75th anniversary and will be a United Nations General Assembly like no other.

Typically, this is the time of year where world leaders gather in New York to deliver speeches at the United Nations and participate in all manner of diplomatic events. But this year, UNGA goes virtual. World leaders will not be descending on New York. Rather, they will deliver video messages to the General Assembly. The big exception is Donald Trump, who has said he would like to deliver his address in person.

The sheer number of heads of state slated to deliver addresses is impressive — quite likely more heads of state than ever are scheduled to speak at the UN, albeit via video. This includes President Xi Jinping of China and Vladimir Putin of Russia who typically do not attend UNGA in person.

What is gained and what is lost by this format? Can virtual diplomacy substitute for the kind of in-person diplomatic “speed dating” to which UNGA is often compared?

UNGA Week is always a highlight of the diplomatic calendar and on the line with me to preview some of the storylines for this most unusual UNGA is Richard Gowan, the UN Director of the International Crisis Group.

If you have  25 minutes and want a preview of what to expect from UNGA 2020, have a listen

 

Get the podcast to listen later Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

The post UNGA Goes Virtual! Previewing the 2020 United Nations General Assembly appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Protect lives, mitigate future shocks and recover better: UN-wide COVID-19 response 

UN ECOSOC - 16. September 2020 - 23:06
Over the course of 2020 thus far, the coronavirus has taken hundreds of thousands of lives, infected millions of people, and wreaked socio-economic, humanitarian and human rights havoc, the United Nations said in a new report released on Wednesday.
Kategorien: english

UN: Re-inventing multilateral solidarity – rhetoric, or realignment of power?

Global Policy Watch - 16. September 2020 - 20:11

By Barbara Adams

New York, 9 Sep (IPS/Barbara Adams) — Multilateral solidarity is gaining traction as the slogan for mobilizing support for international cooperation and for the UN. Is it replacing or merely renaming cross-border obligations, many of which have been enshrined over decades in UN treaties, conventions and agreements, and the principle of common but differentiated responsibility in their implementation?

Why do we seek another name at this time? It seems that reaffirmation is less attractive than invention in this time of innovation, short-term thinking and results measurement and messaging via social media and 280 characters. How should it be reinvented?

Solidarity assumes trust and common responsibilities.

In the 1980s, Chase Manhattan CEO David Rockefeller said that the economics of international relations drives the politics. Certainly, the politics of international relations has failed to keep pace with globalized economics and has resulted in unfettered hyper-globalization and multi-dimensional inequality and violence.

Decades of structural adjustment, market liberalization and austerity policies, together with financialization and digitalization have propelled the rush to neo-liberal governance. This is characterized by the unwillingness and/or loss of capacity of UN Member States to govern at the national level, and by implication and logic, also at the global level.

The vacuum has been nurtured and "filled" by power centres, public and private. One prominent forum is the World Economic Forum (WEF) that defines itself as "the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation" and asserts: "The Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas."1

In June 2019, the UN Secretary-General signed a framework agreement with the WEF, promising multiple areas of cooperation on activities the WEF describes as "shaped by a unique institutional culture founded on the stakeholder theory, which asserts that an organization is accountable to all parts of society.

"The institution carefully blends and balances the best of many kinds of organizations, from both the public and private sectors, international organizations and academic institutions."2

Is this agreement a recognition that stakeholders are replacing public sector representatives and rights holders as the primary "subjects" of multilateralism and the UN?

One of the victims of this (stakeholder) trend is the UN. The pragmatism of Secretaries-General Annan and Ban Ki Moon launched a succession of public-private partnerships and multi-stakeholder initiatives to keep the UN in the multilateral game. Are these what is meant by multilateral solidarity?

If so, how can it be expected to tackle the most serious global challenges that include climate degradation, ballooning inequalities and systemic discriminations, the COVID-19 pandemic and an unsustainable debt burden for many developing countries?

The record of the BWIs/IFIs is not encouraging. The looming debt crisis, exacerbated by COVID-19 and economic lockdowns, is not a unique phenomenon. The failure of IFIs to assess debt sustainability and related fiscal policy according to rights and social, economic and environmental justice obligations is a longstanding practice, one that treats symptoms at best.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development made a valiant effort to connect the dots and the COVID-19 tragedy has forced governments back into the driver’s seat, a role many had relinquished willingly or under pressure.

Climate change and COVID-19 are not the only crises that have exposed the abdication of achieving substantive democratic multilateralism but have been of such dimensions that Member States have to step up and govern. Has the preference of many to partner rather than govern met a dead end?

Re-inventing multilateral solidarity must start with bending the arc of governance back again – from viewing people as shareholders – to stakeholders – to rights holders.

There are many global standards and benchmarks that could be developed to measure this progression. These should be at the forefront of pursuing substantive, rights-based multilateralism and distinguishing it from multilateralism for rhetoric’s sake. Just a few to get started:

  • Vaccines recognized as global public goods.
  • Moratorium on IPRs for health, climate change and indigenous peoples’ rights while going through a review and possible recall process.
  • Ratification and adherence to human rights treaties and conventions.
  • Ratification and adherence to environmental and sustainability treaties.
  • Abdication of nuclear weapons and export of small arms as commitment to peaceful and just societies.
  • Global priority positioning of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to support sustainable livelihoods and strategies for conflict prevention, as well as to evaluate debt sustainability and the quality of financial flows.
  • National oversight and implementation of agreements on business and human rights.
  • New and meaningful commitments to reducing inequalities within and between countries including policies addressing and measuring the concentration of wealth.
  • Cross-border solidarity that is not an excuse for interference or market access.
  • Demotion of GDP as the primary measure of economic progress and prosperity.

Multilateral solidarity relies on trust and requires addressing the trust deficit in the public and private spheres. Solidarity is demonstrated by a commitment to all rights for all and this cannot be achieved or aspired to without an effective duty bearer – government and the public sector. The UN should be the standard bearer at the global level, not a neutral convenor of public and private engagements.

Credible public institutions with commitment and capacity for long-term programming and non-market solutions and responses are essential at all levels.

And this requires predictable and sustainable public resources, currently undermined by tax evasion and illicit financial flows and detoured to servicing undeserved debt burdens.

The necessary but not sufficient condition for multilateral solidarity, the fuel to change direction, is a new funding compact at national level and to finance an impartial, value-based and effective UN system.

By Barbara Adams. Barbara Adams is chair of the board of the Global Policy Forum, was trained as an economist in the UK and served as Executive Director of the Manitoba Council for International Affairs from 1977-1979 in Canada. She also served as Associate Director of the Quaker United Nations Office in New York (1981-1988), and as Deputy Coordinator of the UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS) through the period of the UN global conferences and until 2003. From 2003-2008 she worked as Chief of Strategic Partnerships and Communications for the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM).

This op-ed is a short chapter in the 2030 Spotlight Report to be launched on 18 September 2020.

Source: South-North Development Monitor SUNS – SUNS #9190 Wednesday 16 September 2020.

Notes:

1 https://www.weforum.org/about/world-economic-forum

2 Ibid.

The post UN: Re-inventing multilateral solidarity – rhetoric, or realignment of power? appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Migration et travail en Suisse: pour une gouvernance partagée entre le public et le privé

OECD - 16. September 2020 - 17:55
Par Marco Taddei, Union patronale Suisse Dans la période difficile que nous traversons, un défi majeur se présente à nous : l’impact de la crise du COVID-19 sur les entreprises. Le Coronavirus marque le retour des frontières dans le monde. La tentation du repli national est forte. Et la Suisse n’y échappe pas. Pendant plusieurs … Continue reading Migration et travail en Suisse: pour une gouvernance partagée entre le public et le privé
Kategorien: english

Seiten

SID Hamburg Aggregator – english abonnieren