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African Climate Change Summit 2019

Women - 16. Oktober 2019 - 8:04
African Climate Change Summit 2019

Call for proposals for the Climate Change Summit – Africa, Accra – 16-17-18 October 2019!

Since the Climate urgency is more pressing than ever and that the States pledges are insufficient, it is absolutely necessary to raise ambition and accelerate the implementation of the Paris Agreement, by bringing together a large network of Subnational Governments and Non-State Actors and by anchoring the implementation of concrete climate actions at the local level. Local authorities, businesses, NGOs, trade unions, scientists, representatives from agricultural, youth, women and indigenous organisations, educators, citizens, you are invited to submit your initiatives to feed the work of the Climate Chance Summit Africa that will take place in October 2019.

We invite you to take part in this call for proposals if you are leading initiatives corresponding to one of the 9 themes:
Access to climate finance in Africa
Developing African cities in a sustainable way
Agriculture, food and reforestation in Africa
Renewable energy and energy efficiency in Africa
Mobility and sustainable transport in Africa
Adaptation and Water in Africa
Sustainable Building and Construction in Africa
Education and Training on Climate Change in Africa
Circular economy in Africa

The selected initiatives will be presented during the thematic workshops at the Climate Chance Summit – Africa taking place in Accra from the 16th to 18th October 2019 and/or will be published on the Cartography for action.

To contribute: Submit your initiatives by May 31st, 2019 ! access here 

Kategorien: english

UNGA 2019 breakfast event: financing the end of extreme poverty

ODI - 25. September 2019 - 0:00
What actions do donors need to take in order to eradicate extreme poverty?
Kategorien: english

HLPF 2019: Civil Society Forum

Women - 24. September 2019 - 15:25
HLPF 2019: Civil Society Forum

The Civil Society Forum it will take place, during the HLPF  (SDG Summit), at the United Nations in New York, a space for feminist influence.

Date: 24th September 2019

Local: UNHQ, New York

Kategorien: english

UN chief calls for ‘a fair globalization’ with first-ever Global Goals Summit

UN #SDG News - 21. September 2019 - 8:10
“We need more investment, more political action, more priority for a fair globalization”, said UN Secretary-General António Guterres in an interview on Thursday, when asked about his expectations for the first-ever Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Summit, on 24-25 September at New York headquarters.
Kategorien: english

‘Collective’ erosion of two-State solution, continues unabated: Mladenov

UN ECOSOC - 20. September 2019 - 21:36
The “steady deterioration” of chances that a lasting peace can be negotiated between Israel and Palestine as two States live side by side, reflects a “collective failure” of leadership across the region and the world.
Kategorien: english

New Research Shows Why The World Needs Global Cooperation to Preserve National Fish Stocks

UN Dispatch - 20. September 2019 - 18:24

Ed note. This story originally appeared in The Conversation. It is republished here as part of UN Dispatch’s  partnership with Covering Climate Now, a global collaboration of more than 250 news outlets to strengthen coverage of the climate story. The story is written by Nandini Ramesh, University of California, Berkeley; James Rising, London School of Economics and Political Science, and Kimberly Oremus, University of Delaware

Fish populations are declining around the world, and many countries are trying to conserve them by regulating their fishing industries. However, controlling fishing locally may not do enough to strengthen fish populations. Often one nation’s fish stocks depend on the spawning grounds of a neighboring country, where fish release eggs and sperm into the water and larvae hatch from fertilized eggs.

We do research on oceans, climate and fisheries. In a recent study, we showed that global fisheries are even more tightly connected than previously understood. The world’s coastal marine fisheries form a single network, thanks to the drift of larvae along ocean currents.

This suggests that country-by-country fishery management may be fundamentally insufficient. If a fish species that provides food to one country should decline, the amount of fish spawn, or eggs and larvae, riding the ocean currents from there to other countries would also decline dramatically, resulting in further loss of fish elsewhere.

Many countries live with this risk, although they may not realize it. To manage fisheries effectively, nations must understand where the fish in their territories originate.

Ocean currents affect the speed at which fish eggs and larvae drift and vary through the year. This map shows surface current speeds for January: yellow = fastest, dark blue = slowest. Each country’s territory is highlighted with red dots during the month of maximum spawning activity in that country. In each territory, a different number of species spawn in each month of the year. The red dots appear in the month during which the largest number of species spawn in that territory. Crossing national borders

Fish don’t recognize political boundaries, and regularly travel internationally. Scientists have tracked adult fish movements using electronic tags, and have shown that a few species migrate over long distances.

Countries and territories have negotiated agreements to ensure sustainable sharing of migratory fish. One such agreement joins several nations in the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission to ensure that the territories fish cross share them sustainably.

But fish eggs and larvae are much harder to follow. Many species lay eggs in large numbers that float near the ocean surface. When they hatch, larvae measure a few millimeters long and continue to drift as plankton until they grow large enough to swim. During these stages of the life cycle, ocean currents sweep fish spawn across international boundaries.

Simulating the journeys of eggs and larvae

Like weather on land, the pattern of ocean currents varies with the seasons and can be predicted. These currents are typically sluggish, traveling about an inch per second, or less than 0.1 miles per hour.

There are a few exceptions: Currents along the eastern coasts of continents, like the Gulf Stream in North America or the Kuroshio in Asia, and along the equator can be significantly faster, reaching speeds of 2 miles per hour. Even a gentle current of 0.1 miles per hour can carry spawn 40 miles over a month, and some species can float for several months.

Government and academic scientists use a vast network of satellites, moored instruments and floating buoys to monitor these surface flows. Using this information, we performed a computer simulation of where drifting particles would be carried over time. Scientists have used this type of simulation to study the spread of marine plastic pollution and predict where debris from plane crashes at sea could have washed ashore.

Different fish species spawn in different seasons, and a single species may spawn in several months at different locations. We matched the seasons and locations of spawning for over 700 species with ocean current data, and simulated where their spawn would drift. Then, using records of where those species have been fished, and information about how suitable conditions are for each species in different regions, we deduced what fraction of the fish caught in each country arrived from other countries because of ocean currents.

A small-world network

Scientists and policymakers can learn a lot by studying these international connections. Each species that floats across international boundaries during its plankton stage represents a linkage between countries. These linkages span the world in a dense, interconnected network.

Each color represents a region in the network of fish larvae connections. This map shows the strongest 467 connections among a total of 2,059 that the authors modeled.
Nandini Ramesh, James Rising and Kimberly Oremus, CC BY-ND

At a global level, this network of connections has an important property: It is a small-world network. Small-world networks connect regions that are far apart to each other by just a few steps along the network. The concept is rooted in social scientist Stanley Milgram’s 1960s experiments with social networks, which found that it was possible for a letter to reach almost any total stranger by passing through six or fewer hands. Milgram’s work was popularized in the 1990 play “Six Degrees of Separation.”

Among fisheries, the world seems even smaller: We found that the average number of degrees of separation among fisheries is five. This means that local problems can become global risks.

For example, imagine that a fishery collapses in the middle of the Mediterranean. If the population in one spawning region collapses, it could quickly put pressure on neighboring fisheries dependent upon it. If fishers in those neighboring countries overfish the remaining population or shift to other species, the disturbance can grow. Within just a few years, a fisheries disturbance could travel around the world.

We assessed how countries would be affected in terms of food security, employment and gross domestic product if they were to lose access to fish spawn from other territories. The most affected countries cluster in the Caribbean, the western Pacific, Northern Europe and West Africa. These hotspots correspond to the network’s most clustered areas, because the effects of these flows of fish spawn are most pronounced where many coastal countries lie in close proximity.

International flows of fish eggs and larvae affect countries’ total catch, food security, jobs and economies.
Nandini Ramesh, James Rising and Kimberly Oremus, CC BY-ND Thinking globally about fisheries

Because the world’s fisheries are so interconnected, only international cooperation that takes flows of fish spawn into account can effectively manage them. Aside from egg and larvae connections, fisheries are linked by movements of adult fish and through agreements among countries allowing them to fish in each other’s waters.

All of this suggests that fishery management is best conducted at a large, international scale. Proposals for doing this include defining Large Marine Ecosystems to be jointly managed and creating networks of Marine Protected Areas that safeguard a variety of critical habitats. Ideas like these, and careful study of interdependence between national fisheries, are crucial to sustainable use of the oceans’ living resources.

Nandini Ramesh, Postdoctoral Researcher in Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley; James Rising, Assistant Professorial Research Fellow, London School of Economics and Political Science, and Kimberly Oremus, Assistant Professor of Marine Policy, University of Delaware

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

The post New Research Shows Why The World Needs Global Cooperation to Preserve National Fish Stocks appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Rudi Holtzhausen: The colleague and advisor

Devex - 20. September 2019 - 17:58
Kategorien: english

Climate Action Summit 2019: Join the #ActNow movement

UNSDN - 20. September 2019 - 17:12

Global emissions are reaching record levels and show no sign of peaking. The last four years were the four hottest on record, and winter temperatures in the Arctic have risen by 3°C since 1990. Sea levels are rising, coral reefs are dying, and we are starting to see the life-threatening impact of climate change on health, through air pollution, heatwaves and risks to food security.

The impacts of climate change are being felt everywhere and are having very real consequences on people’s lives. Climate change is disrupting national economies, costing us dearly today and even more tomorrow. But there is a growing recognition that affordable, scalable solutions are available now that will enable us all to leapfrog to cleaner, more resilient economies.

The latest analysis shows that if we act now, we can reduce carbon emissions within 12 years and hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C and even, as asked by the latest science, to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

Thankfully, we have the Paris Agreement – a visionary, viable, forward-looking policy framework that sets out exactly what needs to be done to stop climate disruption and reverse its impact. But the agreement itself is meaningless without ambitious action.

UN Secretary-General António Guterres is calling on all leaders to come to New York on 23 September with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, in line with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45 per cent over the next decade, and to net zero emissions by 2050.

Learn more about the UN Climate Action Summit 2019 and join the #ActNow movement.

Source: UN DGC

The post Climate Action Summit 2019: Join the #ActNow movement appeared first on UNSDN - United Nations Social Development Network.

Kategorien: english

UN Climate Summit: 23 September

Global Policy Watch - 20. September 2019 - 12:30

Will world leaders at the Climate Summit match the courage of the school students who strike around the world against the climate emergency, or will they be put to shame?

20 September, New York: Will the tone of Monday’s UN Climate Summit pale in contrast with the courage of striking students who are taking a day off school in 120 countries,  to march for action to confront the climate emergency, though many know they could face severe penalties?

“We demand and expect the UN and leaders around the world to lead. With young people taking that role, now they have to show us they can catch up”, said Barbara Adams, from Global Policy Watch, a UN watchdog.

The climate emergency comes nearer every day, with the total devastation of the Bahamian Island of Abaco by Cyclone Dorian as the most recent example of the catastrophic effects of climate change. With temperatures predicted to rise by 1.5℃ in 10 years, ‘business as usual’ is no longer an option.

Developed countries must fulfil commitments to address the climate emergency

In the lead-up to the Climate Summit UN Secretary-General António Guterres has asked governments to promote action to address the climate emergency.

Writing in the Reflection Group’s Spotlight 2019, a report on the status of the 2030 Agenda,* Indrajit Bose, senior researcher with Third World Network, calls on developed country governments, which are responsible for causing the climate emergency, to uphold their commitments to support developing countries, which are already experiencing the effects.

Developed countries have – grudgingly – acknowledged their responsibility for the climate emergency, and pledged billions of dollars to support developing countries.

At the Copenhagen Climate Summit in 2010, they agreed to address the needs of developing countries, and at the 2015 Paris Climate Summit, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) was operationalised. It was agreed to mobilise US$100 billion a year by 2020 for the most vulnerable developing countries to take adaptation and mitigation measures.

Will developed countries step up to the plate at the Climate Summit?

“Those who have benefitted the most, must accept they need to change the most, and to make reparations”, says Barbara Adams. ”We wait to see if developed countries will use the occasion of the Climate Summit to agree to make good on their commitments for the GCF’s first formal replenishment in 2019”.

Unfortunately, the prospects are not good. Developed countries have tried to cut down on their financial commitments on the grounds that they will only give funds to match money that developing countries have accessed from other sources. In another sleight of hand, in order to increase their power on the Green Climate Fund Finance Board, they have tried to link their voting rights to the level of funds they agreed to put in, thus changing the current balance of 12 members from developing and 12 members from developed countries.

In his Spotlight contribution, Indrajit Bose emphasises that developed countries must:

  • fulfil their obligations on climate finance;.
  • recognise the critical need to help developing countries increase capacity to implement low-emissions and climate-resilient projects and programmes;.
  • stick to the Paris Agreement on a new collective, quantified finance goal before 2025 to take developing countries’ needs into account.

Will world leaders take the lead from the world’s children in pushing for stronger action on the climate emergency and on climate finance, or will they be put to shame?

For more information, or to talk to Barbara Adams or Indrajit Bose, please contact: Daphne Davies: Tel/WhatsApp +447770230251, Daphnedoubled@gmail.com * The Reflection Group on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a joint initiative by a number of leading global civil society organisations including economic and social policy organisations, women’s groups and trade unions. It is supported by the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. www.2030spotlight.org

Its publication Spotlight 2019 can be found here.

The post UN Climate Summit: 23 September appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Neues Briefing: Nachhaltiges Europa?

Global Policy Forum - 20. September 2019 - 8:07

Die EU-Kommission sieht die EU als Vorreiterin bei der Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 und nimmt in einem Refle­xionspapier vor allem andere Staaten in die Pflicht. Hier knüpft die Kritik von zivilgesellschaftlichen Organisationen an: Nach Verabschiedung der Agenda 2030 und der SDGs im Jahr 2015 habe die EU weder mit der konsequenten Umsetzung der SDGs auf EU-­Ebene begonnen noch eine eigene Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie entwickelt. Stattdessen trete die Kommission auf der Stelle, indem sie auch vier Jahre nach Verabschiedung der SDGs noch immer darüber ‚reflektiere’, wie diese in, mit und durch die EU umgesetzt werden könnten. Gleichzeitig verfol­ge die EU weiterhin nicht­ nachhaltige Politikkonzepte in wichtigen Bereichen wie der Landwirtschafts­- oder Han­delspolitik, die teilweise in direktem Widerspruch zur Ver­wirklichung der SDGs stünden.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

SDG Indicators and BS/Index: The Power of Numbers in the Sustainable Development Debate

DEVELOPMENT - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

Four years after the adoption of the SDGs, measuring progress towards them has been elusive. The ‘silo approach’ of pursuing each goal independently is stretched to its limit by the official Global Indicators Framework trying to count for each target, but lacking data or even agreed methodology for more than half of them. On the other hand, the attempt to reduce progress towards the SDGs to a single number ends up ignoring the many trade-offs between well-being associated to material consumption and planetary boundaries.

Anti-development Impacts of Tax-Related Provisions in Proposed Rules on Digital Trade in the WTO

DEVELOPMENT - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The ability of developing countries to achieve the SDGs will depend in large part on their ability to mobilize resources including through taxation. But new proposed rules in the WTO are threatening all countries’ ability to generate fiscal revenues through taxing the activity of transnational corporations. Under the guise of new talks on ‘e-commerce’, the largest TNCs are seeking to rig international rules to prevent governments from being able to assess tariffs on international transactions, as well as to assess taxes on corporate profits. If the talks in the WTO result in a binding agreement, the fastest-growing and most profitable sectors of the economy will be permanently released from the responsibility of contributing to the social and physical infrastructure on which their businesses are based, and governments will be unable to meet the social and development needs of their populations.

Development Justice in the Digital Paradigm: Agenda 2030 and Beyond

DEVELOPMENT - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

Digital and data technologies are not merely tools or enablers of development; they are the scaffolds of a new social paradigm. As data flows through a more and more interconnected planet, the capture of network-data spaces by corporate and state interest recasts opportunity structures, heightening inequalities between, and within, countries. The intertwining of technological architectures and socio-economic structures presents key concerns for a transformative vision of development for people and planet alike. This article examines why and how norms and rules at global, national and local levels need to be overhauled towards a development justice that protects and promotes economic justice, redistributive justice, social justice, environmental justice and institutional accountability.

Surfing the Technological Tsunami: The Need for Participatory Technology Assessment

DEVELOPMENT - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The article illustrates the clear gap between the swift technological advancement of our time and adequate policies to regulate it on global, regional, and local levels. It argues not enough time and attention is given to properly assess the risks and impacts of a technology taking into account its whole lifecycle, and that civil society and potentially negatively affected social groups should be a vital participant in such assessment.

World Bank Financializing Development

DEVELOPMENT - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

This article critically reviews the World Bank’s reorientation from its traditional role as a lender for major development projects to become a broker for private investment. It highlights the follies of the Bank’s ‘billions to trillions’ agenda, rebranded as Maximizing Finance for Development, that seeks to use aid and public money to leverage private finance, supposedly to fill the financing gap for achieving the SDGs. While such leveraging has failed to raise substantial finance, the Bank’s promotion of PPPs and ‘de-risking’ foreign private finance in developing countries has significantly increased risk for developing country governments. Focusing on ‘blending’ aid with private finance has obscured crucial measures such as macro-prudential regulations and international cooperation to address systemic issues, e.g., harmful tax competition and illicit capital outflows from developing countries via transfer pricing and tax havens. The B2T/MFD hype has also deflected attention from stagnant and declining aid flows, and onerous conditionalities, especially for the least developed and other fragile economies.

Science, Technology and Innovation: Implications for Africa

DEVELOPMENT - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The article makes the case for the precautionary principle, where the balance of nature needs to trump the immediate profit of innovation. The penetration of technology in Africa revives old stereotypes about the continent, hegemonic dynamics reminiscent of colonization, and stir a verity of social conflicts as profits and corporate interests come before the people and the environment.

Financing the future of the Belt and Road in Africa

ODI - 20. September 2019 - 0:00
This event focuses on the future of Sino-African development relations, in particular the Belt and Road Initiative in the East African context.
Kategorien: english

2020 United Nations Public Service Awards Call for Nominations

UNSDN - 19. September 2019 - 22:11

The United Nations Public Service Awards is the most prestigious international recognition of excellence in public service. It rewards the creative achievements and contributions of public service institutions that lead to a more effective and responsive public administration in countries worldwide. Through an annual competition, the UN Public Service Awards promotes the role, professionalism and visibility of public service.

The UN Public Service Day intends to celebrate the value and virtue of public service to the community; highlight the contribution of public service in the development process; recognize the work of public servants, and encourage young people to pursue careers in the public sector. Since the first Awards Ceremony in 2003, the United Nations has received an increasing number of submissions from all around the world.

The 2020 United Nations Public Service Awards (UNPSA) is now open for nominations under the following categories:

1) delivering inclusive and equitable services for all;
2) promoting integrated mechanisms for sustainable development;
3) developing transparent and accountable public institutions;
4) promoting digital transformation in the public sector, and
5) promoting gender responsive public services to achieve the SDGs.

The UNPSA is an annual Award that recognizes excellence in public service at the local, regional and national levels. It promotes and rewards innovation and excellence in public services in support of the realization of the SDGs and the principle of leaving no one behind. Public institutions at the national, sub-national, and local level from all UN member states are eligible to apply. In the case of public-private partnerships, the lead nominee must be a public-sector institution. The deadline for submitting nominations is 27 November 2019.

To apply click here.

Source: UN DESA

The post 2020 United Nations Public Service Awards Call for Nominations appeared first on UNSDN - United Nations Social Development Network.

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