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Japan-Taiwan Relations: More than Meets the Eye

SWP - 9. September 2022 - 12:31
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Sustainability Hacks To Go: How Our PERETO Project is Promoting Sustainable Consumption in Kyrgyzstan

SCP-Centre - 9. September 2022 - 12:19

Studies suggest that consumers are responsible for as much as 60-70 % of all direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions*, pointing to an urgent need to change consumption habits and endorse more sustainable lifestyles. Through an awareness-raising campaign, our PERETO project is inspiring Kyrgyz citizens as well as international tourists to consume in more sustainable ways.

PERETO, which stands for ‘Promotion of Energy Security and Sustainable Growth Through Increased Energy and Resource Efficiency (ERE) in Tourism SMEs in Kyrgyzstan,‘ aims to support the advancement of sustainable production and consumption (SCP) practices and energy and resource efficiency (ERE) among SMEs in Kyrgyzstan’s tourism sector. To achieve this, PERETO engages not only with SMEs but also their business associations, public authorities, financial institutions, ERE solutions and service providers, as well as universities, tourists and local residents.

In 2021, together with the American University of Central Asia (AUCA) in Kyrgyzstan, the CSCP launched the SAKTA movement, meaning ‘To Save’. The campaign invited young adults to support domestic tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic, switch to more sustainable consumption habits, and engage in protecting and preserving the environment. The campaign includes online and offline activities such as monthly clean-ups near popular sites such as the Issyk-Ata waterfall or the Alamedin gorge. By combining clean-ups with recreational activities, the PERETO project wants to inspire younger generations to rediscover Kyrgyzstan’s natural beauty and take an active role in promoting and preserving it.

In order to reach out to larger audiences, in summer 2022 the CSCP and AUCA launched a social media campaign with easy but efficient sustainable lifestyle hacks targeting Kyrgyz citizens as well as international travellers. Individual hacks are shared on PERETO’s Instagram, Twitter and Facebook channels, containing messages that are both relatable to local target groups (in Kyrgyz) as well as international tourists (in English).

The PERETO project works closely with relevant local stakeholders, including consumers, to promote production and consumption practices that lead to a sustainable tourism sector in Kyrgyzstan.

*Druckman & Jackson, 2016

For further questions, please contact Kartika Angraaeni. 

The post Sustainability Hacks To Go: How Our PERETO Project is Promoting Sustainable Consumption in Kyrgyzstan appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Düsseldorfer Unternehmensbands sammeln 15.000 Euro für Menschen in Sierra Leone

Welthungerhilfe - 9. September 2022 - 11:00
Charity-Contest sammelt 15.000 Euro Spenden für notleidende Menschen in Sierra Leone. Bastian Campmann und Nils Plum von Kasalla sowie Jazzy Gudd kürten am gestrigen Abend „D-Vice” als beste Unternehmensband Düsseldorfs.
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Trade and Technology Partner Taiwan

SWP - 9. September 2022 - 8:42
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Taiwan’s Foreign Policy: Walking a Constant Tightrope

SWP - 9. September 2022 - 8:38
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What does Effective Development Cooperation in Climate Finance look like?    

CSO Partnership - 9. September 2022 - 8:34

In various arenas, environmental activists and advocates have opined that climate finance, if not climate action, must be anchored on principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities. But a bleak scenario has been steadily brewing for the past decade, with developed nations that should be at the forefront of providing climate aid and reparations leaving much to be desired in their commitments and pledges, as translated into their biennial reports and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).[1]

These days, voluntary, “nationally appropriated” contributions have become the new norm in climate aid delivery. The situation calls for heightened efforts to ensure that climate finance is first and foremost, effective, participatory and is attuned to the needs of Southern developing countries. These countries have been for so long paying the price for climate breakdown and the ensuing catastrophes — something that they have least contributed to themselves.

How do we guarantee that the promise of climate finance made continually by the world’s historic emitters year after year goes beyond mere lip service and endows lasting impact, especially at the country level?

In line with its advocacy to universalise Effective Development Cooperation (EDC), CPDE aims to bring the urgency of the climate emergency and its grave impacts on communities at the centre of development discourse. It argues that climate finance must be informed by the four development effectiveness principles: financing climate actions for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) must uphold democratic ownership, transparency and accountability, inclusive partnerships for development, and focus on country-determined results.

Current discussions and actions in the climate finance arena reveal multiple gaps in the application of these principles. These, in turn, hinder climate action towards reducing current GHG emissions and rising global temperature.

The call for effectiveness within climate finance presents an opportunity for all climate stakeholders. For civil society in particular, effectiveness will help develop the mechanism into one that includes and empower communities at the national, regional, and sectoral levels.

The proposal for an EDC-centred climate finance infrastructure and mechanism entails the following principles:

 

Country ownership that is both inclusive and democratic

Meeting the needs of the most vulnerable and marginalised does not end at allocating direct, adequate resources as quickly as possible. To be inclusive or effective, climate aid must gurantee developing countries set their own national development priorities. To meet that end, participation of country stakeholders and CSOs must also go beyond episodic consultation conducted by governments.

Enhancing inclusion and meaningful participation of CSOs in development planning and UNFCCC processes is part and parcel of making climate finance more accessible to the grassroots communities that ultimately bear the brunt of the climate crisis. This includes development partners and other relevant actors aligning their support to country systems and communities and territorial priorities, on top of acknowledging the traditional knowledge and skill sets held by people on the ground. . Within climate resources and investment leverage and negotiations, proposing false “zero emissions” and “net zero” approaches which are really fossil-fueled or fossil-dependent is known to be the most widespread and common practice. Fossil fuel projects are also still being approved[2], funded, and initiated, despite the latest IPCC report urgent recommendations.

 

Enhanced transparency and accountability at the country level

With too few mutual accountability mechanisms existing at the country level, we are risking a present and near future where developed countries’ accountability to NDCs remains increasingly weak, apart from it being voluntary. Moreover, this results in climate aid that is nowhere near being truly additional to ODA.

A meaningful country-level accountability mechanism is established when countries and their development partners build country-level processes that go beyond being consultative. Said processes must be accompanied by capacity development measures that aim to aid country stakeholders in using data to strengthen accountability.

Transparency in climate finance will then be achieved when deliberate steps are taken to ensure that all related information towards tracking development progress is publicly available for concerned citizens and country-level CSOs’ access.[3] This entails disaggregating existing and future data in tracking the reporting of ODA allotted to climate finance as well as rightfully addressing the yawning gap between grants and loans in the effective delivery of climate finance — putting(prioritising?)  people’s interests over profit.

 

Enabling environment for inclusive partnerships

Establishing an open civic space upholds inclusive partnerships as a core principle in achieving development cooperation. An open civic space is one which is free from harassment and human rights violations, and ensures sustained civic engagement and meaningful participation at the subnational level.

An enabling environment acknowledges what civil society can bring to the table, recognising that a whole-of-society approach is essential and influential in fostering human rights, inclusive decision-making, and transformative change in climate response.

All development actors must then step up in creating the legal and political regulations which enable the necessary space t for CSOs, allowing for o truly promoting climate finance partnerships with donors, community-based organisations, and local governments that focus on empowerment, decision-making, and capacity development. Hand in hand with this is ensuring climate finance will/shall never be weaponized at the expense not only of human rights and environmental defenders’ rights[4] but also of people and their communities, biodiversity, ecosystems and the environment.

 

Focus on country-determined results

While country-led frameworks are the foundation of inclusive development, a robust monitoring and evaluation system is equally crucial in assessing whether investments are reaping long-term benefits for recipient countries.

Results should lead to climate resilience. Climate finance will therefore be effective when the impacts of development objectives and outcomes are examined based on whether they fulfil “country-owned” strategies and priorities. This includes applying, regularly monitoring, and assessing adherence to the development effectiveness principles in the administration of climate finance, especially those furnished by bilateral donors, international financing institutions (IFIs), and multilateral development banks (MDBs).

Development cooperation can be achieved and further upheld by ensuring climate finance allocated in mitigation and adaptation projects produces long lasting transformative results. This also aligns with the global South’s call for an increase in adaptation resources, urgently upscaling the use of grants over loans to revert indebtedness trends linked to climate finance resource allocation, as well as incorporating the need for specific loss and damage climate finance.

As tactics posing as sustainable solutions threaten to jeopardise the essence of climate response/commitments and the communities in dire need of it, civil society must call for equity and justice to truly reflect how aid and reparations should be implemented in the just transition towards a sustainable future for all diverse forms of life in our planet. #

[1] Parties’ current NDCs are not on track in meeting the Paris Agreement’s goals, with identified problems ranging from a lack of adequate finance and capacity to insufficient political commitment and pandemic-related economic downturn.

[2] For instance, seven new oil and gas projects funded by the United Kingdom, United States, and Exxon Mobil among others have sprung left and right in Latin America, Africa, and the North Sea.

[3] 40% of the countries surveyed by CPDE in 2019 shared that access to required information at the national level was seen to be non-existent or very poor, with very few country-level CSOs accessing or using data from the OECD DAC or the IATI.

[4] The Escazú Agreement (Acuerdo de Escazú), entered into force in 2021, plays a significant role as the first regional treaty to regulate the legal protection of environmental and human rights defenders in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The post What does Effective Development Cooperation in Climate Finance look like?     appeared first on CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness.

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Taiwan’s Predicament

SWP - 9. September 2022 - 8:32
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Die Eurozone im Schatten des Ukraine‑Kriegs

SWP - 9. September 2022 - 2:00

Der russische Krieg gegen die Ukraine markiert nicht nur für Europas Sicherheits­politik einen Wendepunkt, sondern auch für seine Wirtschaft. Dies gilt insbesondere für die Eurozone, deren ungelöste Probleme in einen neuen Kontext gestellt werden. Erstens wurden die Ansätze soliden Wachstums, die sich nach der Pandemie gezeigt hatten, durch eine Phase des wirtschaftlichen Abschwungs und eine Rekordinflation abgelöst. Zweitens dürften sich die Normalisierung der Geldpolitik und die Energiekrise zunehmend negativ auf die Fiskalpolitik auswirken. Und drittens muss zu der langen Liste an Herausforderungen, vor denen der Euroraum steht, auch in wirtschaftlicher Hinsicht die Sicherheit hinzugefügt werden. Notwendig ist vor allem, die ökonomische Abhängigkeit von Drittländern zu überwachen und zu verringern, denn sie kann zu Versorgungsschocks führen, die die Stabilität der Währungszone bedrohen.

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Global South Voices at 2022 UN High-level Political Forum

Global Policy Watch - 8. September 2022 - 20:17

Download pdf version.

By Antje Hipkins

Since the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the United Nations has annually convened the High-level Political Forum (HLPF) under the auspices of the UN Economic and Social Council annually and at Summit level under the auspices of the General Assembly every four years. The HLPF is the main mechanism through which UN Member States assess global progress on meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Member States can present their country reports on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals through Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs). The main SDGs for review at the 2022 HLPF were SDG 4 on quality education, SDG 5 on gender equality, SDG 14 on life below water, SDG 15 on life on land, and SDG 17 on global partnerships, with an overall theme on how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted development progress.

At the first High-level Political Forum held in person since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in July 2022, 44 countries presented VNRs, including many Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS). These countries focused on progress toward achieving the 2030 Agenda and the impact of COVID-19 on countries’ development plans, progress on gender equality, specific vulnerabilities in the face of multiple global crises, and the urgency of increasing climate resilience. Some emphasized the importance of a shift away from reliance on Gross National Income (GNI) as a key measure of development, as well as concern about the ability of LDCs to continue developing sustainably after graduating from the category.

Multidimensional Vulnerability Index (MVI) and LDC Graduation

  • “It is clear that the use of Gross National Income for allocating countries’ access to finance does not, on its own, adequately capture the vulnerability and resilience dimensions of development, nor does it map well to the financing needs for development. Therefore, we propose the International Internal Resilience Capacity, the IRC, and the Recovery Duration Adjustor as a forward-looking framework that incorporates both vulnerability and resilience in addressing the development challenge and providing a more equitable tool to underpin access to concessional finance.”
    – Hyginus ‘Gene’ Leon, President, Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
  • “While we are defined as middle-income countries our development pathways are very different and not the same as other middle-income countries. Using a criterion only based on economics does nothing but prohibit Small Island States’ ability to become more resilient and achieve the highest level of sustainable development.”
    – Dr. Aubrey Webson, UN Ambassador, Antigua and Barbuda, on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)
  • “The MVI is intended to complement GNI per capita. To provide developing countries the opportunity to access the support they need at the global level, based also on their structural vulnerabilities, and not only on indices that have little relevance to their real needs.”
    – Gaston Browne, Prime Minister, Antigua and Barbuda
  • “Nepal is set to graduate from the LDC status in 2026. Graduation is a milestone for a country moving towards sustainable development, though, it will affect access to concessional development finance and trade preferences. Therefore, we are preparing a graduation strategy in such a way that it will minimize the negative consequences and ensure smooth and irreversible graduation.”
    – Dr. Biswo Nath Poudel, Vice-Chairman, National Planning Commission, Nepal
  • “As for its work on the Least Developed Countries, the committee welcomes the significant progress made towards graduation from the LDC category over the past decade… The committee expressed its concern and the limited capacity of these countries to address the diverse challenges they face. Reduced fiscal space, a problem aggravated by the COVID-19 crisis, makes it difficult to reconcile short-term recovery with long-term sustainable development.”
    – José Antonio Ocampo, Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Colombia, Chair, Committee for Development Policy

Impact of COVID-19 on economic and social development

  • “Limited fiscal space has constrained the ability of Least Developed Countries to take [COVID-19] stimulus measures, including enhanced social protection, and might be further reduced owing to the increasing costs of borrowing. Debt burdens and increasing debt servicing costs are becoming increasingly challenging for these countries, placing them at higher risk of debt distress.”
    UNGA Secretariat, Background Note for session entitled: “African countries, Least Developed Countries and Landlocked Developing Countries: Ensuring equal access to vaccines and resources in the poorest countries”
  • “The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered high levels of poverty, hunger and malnutrition, and inequality in administration of COVID-19 vaccines. The pandemic triggered a global recession with LDCs, LLDCs, and African countries witnessing a significant shrink in their respective economies. External debt burden and debt service obligations have risen in the past three years resulting in inadequate fiscal space for sustainable development.”
    – Mr. Saitoti Torome, Principal Secretary, State Department for Planning, Kenya
  • “COVID-19’s effects on the economy have been substantial, with Somalia’s GDP dropping to -0.3 percent in 2020, compared to the 3.2 percent growth predicted for the same year.”
    Somalia VNR Report
  • “The COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, and the recent unprecedented civil unrest present a recent threat to the gains made in reducing extreme poverty by 8 percentage points and poverty by about 4 percentage points between 2010 and 2017. The pandemic has worsened the problems of high unemployment, poverty, inequality, and economic growth. It is anticipated that the proportion of the population living below the national poverty line will increase within the range of 2.3 percent to 5.6 percent as a result of the emerging challenges.”
    Eswatini VNR Report
  • “COVID-19 is estimated to increase the incidence of poverty to 25 percent of the population. This is coupled with the current low coverage of social protection, generally high food inflation, high unemployment rate among PWDs and youth, as well as disparities in access to basic services such as health, sanitation, and nutrition.”
    Ghana VNR Report
  • “COVID-19 has heightened the threat to food security which is also being fuelled by climate change and biodiversity loss, recurring extreme weather events. Droughts and erratic rainfall pattern spells are linked to significant crop failures, declining agricultural production and productivity affecting rural livelihood opportunities, undermining the country’s attainment of Zero hunger and poverty reduction efforts.”
    – Fatou Kinteh, Minister for Gender, Children and Social Welfare, Gambia
  • “In the past two years, the food security and nutrition of billions of people has been further undermined by the COVID-19 pandemic, and its ripple effects are still felt across the globe. The measures to contain the pandemic and the scars it has left on global food supply chains have resulted in severe worldwide economic contractions. Today, with the pandemic ongoing and war raging in Ukraine, the global scenario is even more complex, with competing challenges calling for concerted solutions.”
    – Amina Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary-General

Progress on Gender Equality

  • “Gender equality is a reality in Togo and this is the first Prime Minister of Togo that is a female. I can say that we are committed to the participation by women in political and social life. Thirty-five percent of government officials are women and the majority are in strategic posts. The National Assembly has 20 percent of female members. It’s also chaired by a woman. We launched a year ago the African Women Programme of Excellence [which bolsters] the capacity of young girls in leadership and in entrepreneurship.”
    – Simfeitcheou Pre, Minister and Special Advisor to the President, Republic of Togo
  • “Equal access by the whole population to economic benefits is a guarantee for the success of our ambition. In that regard, Togo has made massive investments in the economic empowerment of women through the National Inclusive Finance Fund. That fund was created in 2014, and it’s promoted over 180 million U.S. dollars to nearly 2 million beneficiaries; ninety-five percent of them are women.”
    – Simfeitcheou Pre, Minister and Special Advisor to the President, Republic of Togo
  • “In 2020, we established a development division in the Institute of Women with an emphasis on their economic autonomy and also a working group of our National Gender Council to ensure that women are employed and that there is professional training for women. On the other hand, the National Institute of Women developed a programme to enhance the political participation of women.”
    – Isaac Alfie Stochek, Head of the Office of Planning and Budget, Uruguay
  • “There’s an urgent need for countries to strengthen their fiscal systems. Because if we don’t set into place the resources that support women and support the education system, then we will not move populations forward, we will not raise living standards, we will not reduce discrimination…. We see more and more women at lower levels, less and less women at higher levels, this needs to also start to change. And when we move people into the workplace, the fact that the informal sector is dominated by women has also got a lot to do with the fact that many women have not received the same access to education and therefore are resorting to the informal sector, in order to earn a living and support themselves.”
    – Attiya Waris, UN Independent Expert on Debt
  • “I ask myself, what do you do when you are late for a meeting? You run, don’t you? Well, this is the time to run. We have dates. Time is moving forward and we are lagging behind. And worse still, in many regions, we’re even going backwards. With great anger, and sorrow, today, I stand here, where my colleagues are resisting a violent attack on their reproductive rights. An attack that reverberates in public health discussions around the world. And COVID was not the one who signed this.”
    – Valentina Munoz Rabanal, SDG Advocate, Youth Feminist Activist, and Digital Rights Advocate, Chile
  • “We need to make progress: poverty and hunger across the world are affecting our people throughout the world, and it is women, children, those who are worst off who suffer the most. This is why we have to come up with some formula to respond to the situation…. when you are thinking of this solution, remember there are women and men, but essentially women, who are defending themselves, who are killed defending their land. In honor of their memory, please, please stand up for them, leave aside your own interests and think of all those that are in need and to whom we have a duty.”
    – Mabel Bianco, President of the Fundación para Estudio e Investigación de la Mujer, Argentina; Co-Chair of the Coordination Mechanism of Major Groups and other Stakeholders (MGoS)

Vulnerability to Climate Disasters and Increasing Climate Resilience

  • “The adverse impacts of climate change pervade the entire life of Tuvalu and it is the foremost challenge of the country. Erosion, storm events, tidal flooding, saltwater intrusion, drought conditions and bug infestation of trees and plants, are some of the events that are undoing the progress that has been achieved to date. More funding and technical assistance are needed to continue work on adaptive infrastructure, food security, water, transport, communication, alternative energy, coastal protection and land reclamation.”
    – Samuelu Laloniu, UN Permanent Representative, Tuvalu
  • “There has been a two-fold increase in strong hurricanes in the Caribbean, within the last decade. This trend will only worsen if global warming remains unchecked. Hurricane Irma in 2017 wreaked absolute havoc in Barbuda. Five years later, we are still struggling to rebuild to the status quo ante, including to build back better. If the global financial system remains as it is, we will never be able to afford another Hurricane Irma.”
    – Gaston Browne, Prime Minister, Antigua and Barbuda
  • “Indeed, in recent years, STP has been faced with rising sea levels, deforestation, intense and uncontrolled rainfall, floods, and landslides, with a devastating effect on food crops production and exports. Furthermore, there has been a decrease in precipitation, with negative impacts for water supply. These development issues hamper activities linked to the agriculture, tourism and fishing sectors, movement of people and goods, with devastating impacts on the economy and directly endanger the lives of the populations.”
    – Edite Ramos da Costa Ten Jua, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities of the Democratic Republic, Sao Tome and Principe
  • “A major aspect of wealth lies in its natural resources and biodiversity. But the country is one of the most vulnerable to climate change and sea level rise has begun to affect the coastal region, threatening seventy percent of the population living along the coast.”
    – Jose Carlos Casimiro Varela, Minister of Economy, Planning and Regional Integration, Guinea-Bissau
  • “Climate change mitigation and adaptation, halting biodiversity loss, reducing land degradation and restoring ecosystems are priorities. Water and soil conservation programmes are being expanded, enclosures and protected areas have been established, greening and irrigation schemes are proceeding, and a vast network of terraces, dams and ponds has been constructed. There are plans for desalination of sea water for domestic use and economic sectors, while degraded land is being restored and rehabilitated.”
    – Sofia Tesfamariam, UN Permanent Representative, Eritrea
  • “The recent reports from the IPCC in February on adaptation and in May on mitigation have brought us this message very clearly, that we have to peak before 2025 if we have to save the target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. We see very little effort toward that goal.”
    – Ajay Jha, India, Co-Chair of the MGoS Coordination Mechanism

Holding the Global North accountable

  • “The tone policing that we get from our colleagues in the global North is really problematic. That they call us emotional when we see the destruction in our countries, that they call us irrational, that they call us over the top, and with the implication of a colonial mindset as well, that the rationality is coming from the passivity and the lack of action of our global North colleagues…. What we are seeing in INGOs, what we are seeing in organizations in the global North who call themselves our allies, are precisely merging themselves with a system that is criminal.…After the IPCC report was launched, we realized that we only have three years to make a complete systems change. And this doesn’t mean that everybody has the same responsibility and needs to act in the same way. It means that the rich countries need to act and that the global South, women, Indigenous Peoples have subsidized the Global North enough….”
    – Emilia Reyes, Programme Director, Policies and Budgets for Equality and Sustainable Development, Equidad de Género: Ciudadanía, Trabajo Familia, Mexico
  • “What’s the cause for this distrust? The cause for this distrust is very well-founded and it is that nobody is trusting the global North anymore, I hope, because they shouldn’t. Never, never, ever, trust the global North, and by the global North I mean countries from Western Europe, North America, maybe some in the Pacific, well-off countries that have a lot of power and a lot of money. Because frankly, if we look at the historical responsibility… the whole system that we’re facing… this is not a system that just came out of the ground and came into existence by chance or anything, it was built and it was designed to be exactly that way. So what we’re seeing, the whole economic system, that whole system of inequalities, of extractionism, of exploitation, that is something that people built and they wanted it to be and work exactly the way it is working.”
    – Wolfgang Obenland, NGO Forum on the Environment and Development, Germany

Many of the VNRs delivered by representatives of SIDS and LDCs, as well as the sessions dedicated to these countries, elaborated that LDCs and SIDS have faced major setbacks in achieving the SDGs and their own countries’ development goals, due heavily to the concurrent crises of COVID-19 and climate change. Many of these countries produce very little emissions harmful to the environment, yet they are among the most vulnerable to flooding due to rising sea levels, droughts, torrential rains, and other climate disasters.

Many LDCs and SIDS have enacted laws and adopted plans to work towards gender equality. While progress has been made, the presentations by Guinea-Bissau and Liberia, for instance, named Female Genital Mutilation as a persistent hurdle toward achieving gender equality. These and other LDCs acknowledged that more work needs to be done to prioritize gender equality. Other developing countries stated that while achieving the SDGs remains a top priority, it is especially difficult for their governments to fund all the programmes necessary to work towards their achievement. As the midpoint for the 2030 Agenda approaches, the results of the mid-term review at the 2023 SDG Summit will be critical to chart a correction course as well as adopt robust new measures and commitments.

The post Global South Voices at 2022 UN High-level Political Forum appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Mehr über die 17 Ziele lernen

Engagement Global - 8. September 2022 - 17:04
Ausgezeichnetes Projekt. Foto: Engagement Global / www.fotografinnen.com

Die Schülerinnen und Schüler der Robotik AG des Gymnasiums Markt Indersdorf in Bayern haben ein mobiles Museum in Form eines energieautarken Lernkoffers entwickelt. Er soll unabhängig von vorhandener Infrastruktur überall auf der Welt zum Einsatz kommen. „Wir haben das Ziel, dass wir Kindern und Jugendlichen in Ländern, die nicht dieselben Bildungsmöglichkeiten haben wie wir, Informationen bereitstellen“, erklärt die 17-jährige Lydia.

Der inhaltliche Schwerpunkt der Wissensvermittlung liegt auf den 17 Zielen für nachhaltige Entwicklung. Mit ihrem Lernkoffer wollen die Schülerinnen und Schüler die sogenannten Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) auf der ganzen Welt bekannter machen und für deren Inhalte sensibilisieren. Schülerin Leonie, 17 Jahre, erläutert: „Die 17 Nachhaltigkeitsziele beinhalten aus unserer Sicht Lösungsansätze für die größten Probleme, die unsere jetzige Gesellschaft hat oder auch Generationen in Zukunft haben werden. Und nur wenn alle 17 Ziele umgesetzt werden können, haben wir wirklich eine Chance auf eine globale oder global gerechte Zukunft."

Corona-Pandemie gab Initialzündung für Projekt

Insbesondere zu Beginn der Corona-Pandemie, als ihr eigener Zugang zu Bildung kurzzeitig eingeschränkt war, realisierten die Schülerinnen und Schüler, dass es weltweit Handlungsbedarf im Bildungssektor gibt. In ihrem mobilen Museum haben die Jugendlichen deshalb ausgewählte Bildungsinhalte zu den 17 Nachhaltigkeitszielen strukturiert und didaktisch aufbereitet.

Dabei setzt das Projekt auch auf Vielfalt bei den Lernformaten, wie Lehrerin Barbara Schorn erläutert: "Unser mobiles Museum ist ein modularer Koffer, bei dem sechs kleine Figürchen dazu einladen, sich mit verschiedenen Wissensinhalten zu den SDG zu beschäftigen. Auf ganz vielfältige Art – mit Quiz, mit Spiel, mit kreativen Umsetzungen."

Koffer soll auf Reisen gehen

Die Wissenslektionen zu den 17 Zielen sind inzwischen bereits kostenfrei auf der digitalen Lernplattform des Museumspädagogischen Zentrums in München abrufbar. Außerdem arbeiten die Schülerinnen und Schüler an einer englischen Übersetzung. Der Lernkoffer soll in möglichsten vielen Regionen der Welt zur Verfügung gestellt werden.

Die Robotic AG des Gymnasiums Markt Indersdorf konnte die Jury des Schulwettbewerbs bereits 2018 mit dem Prototyp eines selbst entwickelten, solarbetriebenen Lerncomputer-Koffers überzeugen. In der aktuellen Wettbewerbsrunde bauten die Schülerinnen und Schüler auf diesem Projekt auf und erarbeiteten eine Lösung, um die 17 Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung für Menschen überall auf der Welt interaktiv erfahrbar zu machen.

Gleichzeitig wollen die Schülerinnen und Schüler mit ihrem Projekt andere motivieren, selbst im Sinne der 17 Ziele nachhaltig aktiv zu werden. Für dieses Engagement wurde die Robotik AG aus Markt Indersdorf in der zehnten Runde des Schulwettbewerbs zur Entwicklungspolitik „alle für EINE WELT für alle“ mit dem dritten Preis (500 Euro) in der Alterskategorie der Klassen 8 bis 10 ausgezeichnet.

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Covid-19 weltweit

E+Z - 8. September 2022 - 14:18
E+Z/D+C-Autorinnen und -Autoren aus verschiedenen Ländern berichten von ihren persönlichen Erfahrungen in der Corona-Pandemie Brasilien: Viel Leid, wenige Vorteile

Für den Großteil der Armen und Benachteiligten in Brasilien war die Pandemie bisher einfach nur grausam. Viele Menschen wurden arbeitslos und haben jegliche Perspektive verloren. Zu viele kamen ums Leben. Präsident Jair Bolsonaro goss noch Öl ins Feuer, indem er die Gefahr des Virus herunterspielte. Brasilien hatte zum Beispiel anfangs nicht genug Impfstoff, weil er sich weigerte, welchen zu kaufen. Ich hatte den Eindruck, dass sich niemand für uns einsetzt, und war emotional erschöpft. Die Pandemie brachte aber auch Vorteile. Ich hatte das Glück, im Homeoffice arbeiten zu können. Das spart Zeit, und ich bin der Kriminalität in Rio de Janeiro weniger ausgesetzt. Die Krise hat mich – und viele andere in Brasilien – nachdenklich gemacht: Zu oft verschwenden wir unsere Zeit mit stressigem Pendeln, mit Jobs, in denen wir wenig Wertschätzung erfahren, und mit Problemen, für die es eigentlich Lösungen gibt.

Thuany Rodrigues ist Journalistin in Rio de Janeiro.
thuanyrodriigues@gmail.com

Malawi: Unwürdige Begräbnisse

Als die Zahl der Covid-19-Fälle in Malawi anstieg, ergriff die Regierung strenge Maßnahmen: Sie machte Büros, Geschäfte und auch die Landesgrenzen dicht und verordnete Social Distancing. Eine Maßnahme, die ich schwer erträglich fand, war die Art und Weise, wie Menschen beerdigt wurden, die an Covid-19 gestorben waren. Sie bekamen kein würdiges Begräbnis. Nicht einmal Verwandte durften an der Beerdigung teilnehmen, geschweige denn Freunde und Bekannte, wie es sonst üblich ist. Das wurde mir besonders bewusst, als ich an der Beerdigung eines ehemaligen Arbeitskollegen teilnahm, der an Nierenversagen gestorben war. Auf dem Friedhof in Lilongwe, der Hauptstadt Malawis, sah ich das Grab eines anderen guten Bekannten. Er war an Covid-19 verstorben. Ich war schockiert: Nur einen Monat vor seinem Tod hatte ich mit ihm gesprochen. Jetzt musste ich seinen Namen auf einem Grab sehen – und konnte mich nicht einmal bei einer angemessenen Beerdigung von ihm verabschieden.

Raphael Mweninguwe ist freier Journalist in Malawi.
raphael.mweninguwe@hotmail.com
 

 

Deutschland: Schnelles, beherztes Handeln ist möglich

Corona war für uns wohlstands- und freiheitsverwöhnte Deutsche traumatisch. Plötzlich durfte man nicht einmal mehr die engste Familie treffen. Das war bis dato unvorstellbar, und ich verfiel in einen Schockzustand. Dazu kam die Todesangst vor dem Virus. Für meine Kinder war die Situation besonders schlimm. Trotz dieser schweren Beeinträchtigung unseres Lebens bin ich demütig und dankbar, in Deutschland zu leben. Wir haben mit als  die Ersten in der Welt die lebensrettenden Impfstoffe und Medikamente bekommen, und wir hatten immer die bestmögliche medizinische Versorgung. Ich kann Corona sogar eine positive Seite abgewinnen. Die Pandemie hat gezeigt, dass schnelles, unkonventionelles Handeln möglich ist. Viele Millionen Menschen haben von heute auf morgen von zu Hause gearbeitet. Dadurch ist viel CO2 eingespart worden. Ich finde, das sollte die Welt auch nach Corona beibehalten: möglichst wenig unnötige Reisen und ein sehr entschlossenes Handeln in der Klimakrise.

Sabine Balk ist Redakteurin von E+Z Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit /D+C Development and Cooperation.
euz.editor@dandc.eu

 

 

Kategorien: Ticker

Deutsch-chinesische Beziehungen: Jeder gute Garten will gedüngt sein

SWP - 8. September 2022 - 14:08
Die wissenschaftliche Zusammenarbeit mit China darf trotz aller Probleme nicht erlahmen
Kategorien: Ticker

Digital with Purpose: Meet us at the Global Summit on 27 September in Lisbon!

SCP-Centre - 8. September 2022 - 13:59

Our world is becoming increasingly digital, most recently also in response to the Coronavirus pandemic. Against this backdrop, it is relevant to ask: how can our collective action be steered so that we create more value through digital solutions? The Digital with Purpose Global Summit 2022 is bringing global tech leaders and key actors in one place to strengthen their commitment to innovate and implement solutions for a sustainable and inclusive future.

“We are creating a fast-paced movement to deliver actionable and measurable results in line with the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals – where technology, innovation and collaboration transform the lives of billions of people, sustainably”, says Luis Neves, CEO of Global Enabling Sustainability Initiative (GeSI), the summit host and lead organisation of the Digital with Purpose initiative.

The CSCP is a GeSI board member and Digital with Purpose member supporting the summit. As part of the agenda, the CSCP Executive Director, Michael Kuhndt will host the workshop “Treasure Hunting: How to Find Conscious Digital Purpose in Your Organisation”, delivered in collaboration with HumanityE, a global movement based on the ‘conscious leadership’ perspective.

The expectation to deliver sustainable value to society has never been so high on the agenda. However, what does this truly mean in practice, particularly regarding products and services in the digital sector? When asked to incorporate sustainability into their organisation’s practices, decision-makers are often unsure how to go about it. Finding direction and breaking the journey down into concrete steps can feel like an insurmountable challenge. Using conscious leadership techniques and showcasing concrete strategies on how to improve sustainability practices by taking the viewpoints of a diverse array of relevant stakeholders, the workshop aims to help organisations and businesses to discover more ways to help customers, employees, and society at large, to live and work sustainably.

Date: 27 September 2022
Time: 11:00-13:00
Place: Altice Arena, Lisbon
Cost: Free of charge

For additional information, please visit the Digital with Purpose Summit website. To register for the event, please go here.

For further questions, please contact Mariana Nicolau.

The post Digital with Purpose: Meet us at the Global Summit on 27 September in Lisbon! appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Covid-19 weltweit

E+Z - 8. September 2022 - 13:30
E+Z/D+C-Autorinnen und -Autoren aus verschiedenen Ländern berichten von ihren persönlichen Erfahrungen in der Corona-Pandem Burundi: Händeschütteln

Vor der Pandemie waren es die Menschen in Burundi gewohnt, sich mit Handschlag zu begrüßen – sowohl an der Küste in Bujumbura, der größten Stadt des Landes, als auch im Landesinneren. Doch jetzt gehen die Menschen unterschiedlich damit um. Während meiner Arbeit als Journalistin traf ich zum Beispiel die 60-jährige Marguerite aus der Provinz Muramvya. Ihr fällt es schwer, anderen älteren Frauen nicht die Hand zu geben. Selbst während des christlichen Gottesdienstes schüttelt sie hin und wieder anderen die Hand, obwohl das offiziell verboten ist. Andere dagegen haben mehr Angst, wie zum Beispiel die 50-jährige Agrippina aus Bujumbura. Sie gibt Leuten auf der Straße grundsätzlich nicht die Hand. Für den Ernstfall hat sie in ihrer Handtasche immer Infektionsmittel dabei – ein Verhalten, das ich in der Stadt schon bei so manchen beobachtet habe.

Mireille Kanyange arbeitet als Journalistin für Radio Isanganiro in Burundi.
mika.kanyange@gmail.com
 

 

Pakistan: Homeoffice verschärft Ungleichheit

Als Pakistan in den Lockdown ging, führten viele Büros und auch Bildungseinrichtungen das Homeoffice ein. Das hat die bereits bestehenden Ungleichheiten im Land verschärft. Ein Großteil der städtischen Elite hatte Zugang zu digitaler Infrastruktur und konnte weiterarbeiten – aber ein erheblicher Teil der Bevölkerung wurde dadurch abgehängt. Die Mehrheit in Pakistan hat keinen Internetzugang. Von den anderen hatten viele außerhalb ihres gewohnten Umfelds auch ihre Schwierigkeiten. Ich bin Juraprofessorin an einer Eliteuniversität, und meine Studierenden sind eher privilegiert. Aber als sie ihre Wohnheime verlassen mussten, hatten selbst von ihnen viele keinen Zugang mehr zu der nötigen Technik und stabilem Internet. Einigen fehlte zu Hause ein Raum für sich, um Online-Vorlesungen konzentriert folgen zu können. Das hat ihr Lernen beeinträchtigt, sodass ich sie unterstützen musste, unter anderem mit aufgezeichneten Vorlesungen. Insbesondere Studentinnen mussten zudem stärker im Haushalt mithelfen und versäumten deshalb des Öfteren den Unterricht.

Marva Khan ist Assistenzprofessorin für Recht an der LUMS (Lahore University of Management Sciences).
marva.khan@lums.edu.pk

 

Kategorien: Ticker

Engaging with partners in the Global South in uncertain times

DIE - 8. September 2022 - 13:00

Having already been growing in importance for a number of years, geopolitics as it relates to the Global South has become tremendously more relevant following Russia’s aggression in Ukraine in 2022. Rivalries with China are set to become even more influential in future, determining intergovernmental relations as a whole.
Following the Russian invasion in February 2022, attention was initially concentrated on the stances adopted by states regarding the corresponding UN resolutions and UN debates. This focus alone illustrates the great significance attached to the positions taken by states and thus to strategic partisan thinking. At the same time, it would seem that none of the country alliances being formed to date differ fundamentally from those of recent years. Many developing countries are capitalising on their emancipated status gained in recent decades to formulate positions of their own, as well as to identify any double standards on the part of Western governments. It is important that German, European and other political players gain a better idea of the interests and perceptions of partners in the Global South. In development terms, Russia’s war of aggression represents a watershed moment. It is important to note the following in this context:
• At overall level, it will most likely be more difficult to achieve the 2030 Agenda, with its 17 SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). The COVID-19 pandemic had already produced a huge socio-economic shock in the Global South, but this has now been dwarfed in many developing countries by the impact of the war. On top of this, the increasingly critical effects of climate change are proliferating all the time.
• While the most severe consequences of the Ukraine war are being felt by the country itself (need for comprehensive humanitarian assistance; future need for large-scale reconstruction work) and the surrounding region (refugee care, etc.), the surge in food and energy prices resulting from the conflict is having a major impact on developing countries.
• There are also other long-term challenges in regard to global sustainable development. Take innovative cooperation instruments for tackling climate change, for instance, the most prominent of which are just energy transition partnerships (JETP). The legitimacy of efforts to promote these ambitious cooperation initiatives could be undermined by European countries introducing short-term measures that involve a return to fossil fuel investment.
• The growing need to overcome cross-border challenges could intersect with cutbacks being made by donor countries to their long-term development programmes. For example, some nations (particularly the UK and, in some cases, Germany) may scale back funding or increasingly charge for providing in-donor refugee costs and thus move to report a number of their activities as Official Development Assistance (ODA) (as planned by the Netherlands and Norway, for instance).
• We can expect the Ukraine war to reinforce the general trend towards interest-based development policy and increase demand for approaches that deliver quick results. Nevertheless, it is not possible to derive a clear regional, thematic or country allocation pattern from this trend.
• The issue of governance in developing countries is receiving greater attention in light of the risks posed by autocratic systems. The increase in cooperation with China and Russia, two nations employing their own global discourse in an attempt to promote what they refer to as “real democracy”, is especially indicative of the way China in particular is striving to influence global debate.

Kategorien: Ticker

UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe: Staffelfinale vom Podcast „Beweggründe“ – Migrationsforscher Gerald Knaus zu Gast

Bonn - 8. September 2022 - 11:29

  Für die finale Folge der zweiten Staffel des Podcasts „Beweggründe“ hat die UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe Migrationsforscher Gerald Knaus zum Gespräch geladen.  Knaus gilt als Architekt des Flüchtlingsabkommens zwischen der EU und der Türkei und als einer der wichtigsten Experten zum Thema Flucht und Migration in Europa. Er beschreibt im Podcast nicht nur den eigenen Familienbezug zu […]

The post UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe: Staffelfinale vom Podcast „Beweggründe“ – Migrationsforscher Gerald Knaus zu Gast first appeared on Bonn Sustainability Portal.

Kategorien: Ticker

Global People’s Assembly 2022: Time is Now: Act for peace, climate, and justice

CSO Partnership - 8. September 2022 - 11:17

CPDE joins other civil society organisations at the Global People’s Assembly, which will take place virtually from the 20th to 22nd of September 2022.

The Global People’s Assembly is a self-organised space during the United Nations General Assembly high-level week. It aims is to bring the voices of the people to the forefront, at a time where decision makers engage in high-level debate without people’s involvement.

Activities include various sessions, on such topics as proposals for a more democratic UN, civic freedoms and civil society participation, gender equality and systemic challenges, financing for development, For its part, CPDE is organising a side-event on the meaningful engagement of youth in climate action and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The Global People’s Assembly will culminate in a virtual Global Justice March on 22 September 2022, 10-11 UDT.

Sign on to a statement titled Time is Now: Act for peace, climate, and justice via this link. And to view the entire programme here.  #

The post Global People’s Assembly 2022: Time is Now: Act for peace, climate, and justice appeared first on CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

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