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Anna: I find it quite challenging sometimes to stay focused and stay positive.

DIE Blog - 2. Mai 2020 - 13:44

©Anna Schwachula

Dear MGG family,

The times are difficult, and with all the uncertainty and insecurity I find it quite challenging sometimes to stay focused and stay positive. I emphasize a lot with all people around the globe that do not have access to health care and social protection. I think that the world is probably not going to be the same after the crisis is over, and I think that our network will be as important as always to foster international exchange, find common solutions and support each other.

 

I find some relief in being outside (on my own, of course, taking care that social distance is kept!) caring for the flowers and herbs on my balcony, putting seeds in pots, watering, watching them grow. Last week, a pigeon visited me and watched me for a while, I was working, and I somehow felt very grateful for its trust in me. So we just both sat there for a few minutes and I think this moment of mutual trust, respect, and care – no matter how different we are, and how different our needs and background situations are, is a nice symbolic picture to send to you.

I really hope that the corona virus slows down its speed of spreading, and that your countries will not be as crazily affected as we are in Europe at the moment. Please stay safe and stay healthy.

Sending (antiseptic) virtual hugs,

Anna Schwachula

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin / Researcher
Programme on Inter- and Transnational Cooperation
Cluster Knowledge Cooperation and Training
German Development Institute

Der Beitrag Anna: I find it quite challenging sometimes to stay focused and stay positive. erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Tatjana: Life in times of Corona – Impressions from Bonn…

DIE Blog - 2. Mai 2020 - 9:06

©Tatjana Reiber

Dear MGG friends,

These are crazy and upsetting times. I hope that you are all healthy and safe. It is wonderful to read your observations from the situation in your countries, to learn about your thoughts and daily routines. Thank you for sharing!

 

 

 

Here in Bonn, life has also changed dramatically. Kindergardens and schools are closed, almost all shops are shut, same is true for public facilities, sport clubs etc. At the time of writing, we do not know how long this situation will last.

People are practicing social distancing and I observe myself making awkward dances to keep the 2 meters distance when I meet my neighbours by chance in the hallway. Luckily, people are allowed to go outside, although gatherings of more than two persons are forbidden (unless you are in the group of people that live in your household). People have started sewing masks and we will probably soon start wearing them when we go shopping. Most colleagues at DIE are in home office and the building in the Tulpenfeld has become a lonesome place. Even the coffee machine is switched off.

For our family, the biggest challenge is that Noam, our five year old son, is not going to Kindergarden and cannot meet his friends, cousins or grandparents anymore. To keep up the good spirit, we are exploring all kind of activities, e.g. drawing, gardening, baking, cycling, singing and dancing (and yes, also some TV ).

At work, it feels like we have jumped into the digital future and are doing things that seemed impossible four weeks ago. Home office for (almost) all (!) – virtual collaboration – online facilitation – working with digital tools I have never heard of before. It is fascinating and I am amazed how institutionalised working patterns can change in times of crisis. My learning curve is steep and I sometimes wish the day had more hours because there is sooooo much to learn. Interesting webinars, tutorials and articles with best practices seem to be mushrooming all over the place.

As you can imagine, we have started to think about the implications of COVID 19 for the MGG Academy and we are thinking about digitalising some elements. That is exciting and thrilling. And at the same time I have moments when I am panicking how we will manage.

I am also trying to take some time to step back and reflect. What kind of times are we experiencing? How could we reach here? What can we learn out of this crisis? Is there anything good that can come out of this crisis and can we use the momentum for a transformation towards a more sustainable future? There are prominent scholars who predict a rise of nationalism, even more egoism and more geopolitical competition. Others fear that the severe economic crisis will further endanger and postpone climate action and that financial resources will be invested to re-establish the „old“, unsustainable economic order. These scenarios are scary and depressing. It comforts me to know that they do not have to become true. These predicitions are based on assumptions and worldviews, e.g. that nation states are egoistic and that they have to strive for their survival in an unkind, competitive world. This is a narrative. Undoubtedly, a very strong one. And if too many people believe in it, it will become true.

At present, we find ourselves at a crossroads. The Corona virus has forced the world to a halt. Following the recommendations of scientists, we have drastically reduced traveling, producing, consuming. Whole nations are in a situation of lockdown. At the same time, the virus has pushed us into a transformation at unprecedented speed, with huge levels of uncertainty and drastic measures. This situation gives us the opportunity to rethink the world we want to live in. Do we want to return to business as usual or is there a different future that we are striving for?

The Indian novelist Arundhaty Roy has expressed it like this:

„Historically, pandemics have forced humans to break with the past and imagine their world anew. This one is no different. It is a portal gateway between one world and the next. We can choose to walk through it, dragging the carcasses of our prejudice and hatred, our avarice, our data banks and dead ideas, our dead rivers and smoky skies behind us. Or we can walk through lightly, with little luggage, ready to imaging another world. And ready to fight for it.“

I hope that we are many in the MGG network who are ready to fight for a different world. Who will create a more hopeful narrative to all those pessimistic voices out there. Who will show that international cooperation is not only needed but also possible. And who will join hands to create a more sustainable future.

Warm regards to all of you

Tatjana Reiber
Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin und Leitung der MGG Academy

Der Beitrag Tatjana: Life in times of Corona – Impressions from Bonn… erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Zhou: The spread of COVID-19 across the world is worrying. Every country has different measures to combat the virus based on their own system, culture and people…

DIE Blog - 1. Mai 2020 - 12:51

©Dr. Zhou Jinyan

Dear MGG friends,

The spread of COVID-19 across the world is worrying. Every country has different measures to combat the virus based on their own system, culture and people. As individuals, wearing masks and washing hands is a must to protect ourselves and families. I share all your fears, worries and sorrows as we here in China experienced all these in the past two months. Let us stay connected and do not hesitate to ask for help. Attached also a short video by my daughter Zoe, who accompanied me for a month MGG program.

https://blogs.die-gdi.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/MGG-Life-in-SH-during-COVID-19.mp4

Warmest regards from Shanghai,

Dr. Zhou Jinyan,
Assistant Research Professor,
Institute of West Asian and African Studies,
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Der Beitrag Zhou: The spread of COVID-19 across the world is worrying. Every country has different measures to combat the virus based on their own system, culture and people… erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

The Corona Virus and International Development Cooperation

DIE Blog - 1. Mai 2020 - 8:10

©DIE Website

From DIE Website and webpage European Think Tanks Group

The corona pandemic is becoming the largest global health crisis in decades. The virus does not stop at developing countries either. When the corona virus spreads there, it will have massive negative socioeconomic effects. Most countries in the Global South have already taken strict measures to contain the virus. However, given the local living conditions, these measures are much more difficult to implement than in the Global North.

 

 

The isolation measures of numerous countries and regions, for example in Europe, do also have a strong economic and social impact. Developing countries are directly and increasingly suffering from the onset of global recession, supply chain disruption and raw material price shocks. Many countries are experiencing slumps in tourism, guest worker transfers and international trade in goods and services. In addition, developing countries and rising powers are now suffering from unprecedented capital flight.

In this special, experts from the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) explore the developmental and socioeconomic consequences of the corona crisis in our format „The Current Column“ and on the „Future of Globalisation“ blog as well as by opinion pieces and interviews in the media.

Available texts

Urbanisation in the global South
HOW THE CORONA CRISIS IS CALLING INTO QUESTION THE “RIGHT TO THE CITY”

Dick, EvaIn late March, Indian Premier Narendra Modi imposed a three-week lockdown to prevent the further spread of the coronavirus. Since then, tens of thousands of migrant workers who had previously provided cheap labour in wealthy homes or on construction sites in the nation’s growing metropolises have been making their way back to their rural home regions. They have lost their jobs and, continue reading…

Digitalisation
HOW THE EU AND RISING POWERS CAN SHAPE THEIR FUTURE SUSTAINABLY
Grimm, Sven / Wulf Reiners / Benjamin Stewart

The Covid-19 crisis reduces interactions at the personal level, cuts physical international connections, and at the same time accelerates digitalisation processes all over the globe. Even before the pandemic, continue reading…

Pockets of effectiveness
WHAT WE CAN LEARN FROM AND ABOUT AFRICA IN THE CORONA CRISIS

Roll, Michael
Is Africa defenceless in the face of the corona pandemic? This would appear to be self-evident, as even health care systems far better equipped than those of many African countries are currently on the verge of collapse. Nonetheless, continue reading…

Curb your enthusiasm: Corona may slow down multilateral process, but must not derail global climate policy
Last night the UK government together with UN climate officials announced that the UN climate change conference “COP26” that was set to convene in Glasgow, Scotland, in November 2020, will be postponed into 2021 in response to the ongoing Corona crisis. Concomitantly, the UNFCCC has decided to continue reading…

Contagious collaboration? The Covid-19 crisis as a catalyst for global governance and sustainability
Wulf Reiners (Political Scientist, DIE) and Paul Marschall (Economist, DIE) shared in the webpage European Think Tanks Group their text Contagious collaboration? The Covid-19 crisis as a catalyst for global governance and sustainability, which we invite you all to read.

We share with you in here the first paragraphs, as an invitation to introduce you to the text.

The novel coronavirus is keeping the world in suspense. Infection rates are rising exponentially in many countries, and increasingly too in developing countries. The isolated and lock-down measures taken by numerous states are having a massive impact on virtually all areas of economic and social life. The measures go hand in hand with a growing sense of uncertainty and worries among the public.Discussion is revolving around the difficulty of gauging all the impacts of the pandemic. However, we should see the corona crisis as an opportunity. If we learn from it and make use of the power of the momentum of the crisis, the pandemic will also offer unique opportunities for promoting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and for stepping up international cooperation.

Continue reading here…

Der Beitrag The Corona Virus and International Development Cooperation erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

LHÜ-Info April 2020

SID Blog - 30. April 2020 - 15:07

Research team Ethiopia: Retrospective to our research in Addis Ababa and Jigjiga

DIE Blog - 29. April 2020 - 10:57

3rd row: Pililp Lendle, Jannis König, Eva Binkert. 2nd row: Merlin Flaig, Asresahegn Birhanu, Katharina Potinius, Lukas Frucht, Abdirahman Ahmed Mahumed. front: Abis Getachew, ©DIE

As the last research team of the Postgraduate Training Programme, we travelled to Ethiopia in mid-February to conduct research on the local integration of refugees and the implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). Some people at Addis Ababa airport wore face masks to cover mouth and nose; travellers from China were controlled. Other than that nothing indicated the emergency of a pandemic. Our partners at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) at the University of Addis Ababa invited us to set up our improvised offices in their conference room. Together we conducted interviews at national level with various actors of the Ethiopian refugee policy. At the beginning of March, we moved on to Jigjiga, the capital of the Ethiopian Somali region, which is home to around 200,000 refugees. Thanks to our research partners at Jigjiga University, we quickly arranged interviews with experts, for example in regional and local administrations. The interviews demonstrated that the „local integration of refugees“ has a high priority for the interviewees and their institutions, but also that the national government’s plans have so far only been implemented partially. Our goal was to identify best practices by comparing three municipalities and different sectors.
The views of the refugees and the host community were incorporated through focus group discussions and a comparative survey of 2000 people affected.

At that time, no COVID-19 case was confirmed in Ethiopia. Therefore, we were even more astounded when we were informed in mid-March that we had to return to Germany earlier than planned. In the following days we worked hard to organise our early return. Meanwhile COVID-19 had its first effects: The first case in Ethiopia was confirmed and appointments were postponed due to emergency meetings for COVID-19. At our hotel, disinfecting hands upon passing the gate became mandatory.

We worked intensively to enable our partners to continue the research in our absence. The roll-out of the survey started after our departure. However, the situation developed faster than expected: In order to slow down the further spread of COVID-19, the Ethiopian government closed the public administration. In Jigjiga, exit restrictions were imposed; this also brought the survey to a standstill. Still, in one of the municipalities the survey was completed. Apart from the implications for our research, we are deeply concerned by that news, as neither the Ethiopian social system nor the health care system can cope with a pandemic. At the same time, large parts of the population have no access to running water; additional expenditures on disinfectants and face masks are barely affordable for many households – both Ethiopian and refugee households. Meanwhile, the locust plague is intensifying and is becoming even more difficult to control.

Der Beitrag Research team Ethiopia: Retrospective to our research in Addis Ababa and Jigjiga erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Forschungsteam Äthiopien: Rückblick auf unseren Forschungsaufenthalt in Addis Abeba und Jigjiga

DIE Blog - 29. April 2020 - 10:44

3te Reihe: Pililp Lendle, Jannis König, Eva Binkert. 2te Reihe: Merlin Flaig, Asresahegn Birhanu, Katharina Potinius, Lukas Frucht, Abdirahman Ahmed Mahumed. Vorne: Abis Getachew, ©DIE

Als letztes Forschungsteam des Postgraduierten-Programms reisten wir Mitte Februar nach Äthiopien, um dort zur lokalen Integration Geflüchteter und der Umsetzung des Comprehensive Refugee Response Frameworks (CRRF) zu forschen. Einige Menschen am Flughafen von Addis Abeba trugen Mundschutz; Reisende aus China wurden kontrolliert. Sonst deutete wenig auf die aufkommende Pandemie hin. Wir bezogen unsere Arbeitsplätze bei unseren Partnern am Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) an der Universität Addis Abeba. Gemeinsam führten wir Interviews auf nationaler Ebene mit unterschiedlichen Akteuren der äthiopischen Flüchtlingspolitik. Anfang März ging es weiter nach Jigjiga, der Hauptstadt der äthiopischen Somaliregion, welche rund 200.000 Geflüchtete beherbergt. Dank unserer Forschungspartner der Universität Jigjiga konnten wir schnell Interviews mit Expert*innen, zum Beispiel in regionalen und lokalen Verwaltungen, vereinbaren. Diese zeigten schnell, wie wichtig die „lokale Integration von Geflüchteten“ für sie ist, aber auch, dass die Pläne der Nationalregierung bisher nur ansatzweise implementiert worden sind. Mit Vergleichen über drei Kommunen und verschiedene Sektoren hinweg wollten wir best-practices identifizieren. Die Sicht der Geflüchteten und der aufnehmenden Gemeinschaft wollten wir durch Fokusgruppendiskussionen und eine vergleichende Umfrage von 2000 Betroffenen miteinbeziehen.

Äthiopien hatte zu diesem Zeitpunkt noch keinen bestätigten COVID-19 Fall. Umso stärker traf es uns, als uns Mitte März kommuniziert wurde, dass wir früher als geplant nach Deutschland zurückkehren müssen. In den folgenden Tagen arbeiteten wir mit Hochdruck daran, unsere verfrühte Rückreise organisatorisch abzuwickeln. Währenddessen entfaltete COVID-19 auch vor Ort erste Auswirkungen: Der erste Fall in Äthiopien wurde bestätigt, vereinbarte Interviewtermine wegen Notfallsitzungen zu COVID-19 verschoben. Am Eingang unseres Hotels wurde Händedesinfektion zur Pflicht.

Wir arbeiteten intensiv daran, die Weiterarbeit unserer Partner an der Forschung in unserer Abwesenheit zu ermöglichen. So lief der Survey nach unserem Abflug an. Doch die Lage entwickelte sich schneller als gedacht: Um die weitere Ausbreitung von COVID-19 zu verlangsamen, wurde zunächst die öffentliche Verwaltung in Äthiopien geschlossen. In Jigjiga wurden Ausgangsbeschränkungen verhängt. Somit kam auch die Weiterarbeit an dem Survey zum Erliegen; in zumindest einer der Kommunen konnten wir die Befragungen abschließen. Neben den Auswirkungen für unsere Forschung bereiten uns diese Nachrichten vor allem große Sorgen, da weder das äthiopische Sozialsystem noch die Gesundheitsversorgung einer Pandemie gewachsen sind. Gleichzeitig hat ein großer Teil der Bevölkerung keinen Zugang zu fließendem Wasser; Ausgaben für Desinfektionsmittel und Atemschutzmasken sind für viele Haushalte – ob geflüchtet oder nicht – kaum finanzierbar. Währenddessen intensiviert sich die Heuschreckenplage, deren Bekämpfung nun erschwert wird.

Der Beitrag Forschungsteam Äthiopien: Rückblick auf unseren Forschungsaufenthalt in Addis Abeba und Jigjiga erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Webinar “Development Cooperation post COVID-19: Possible Implications of the Current Crisis”

DIE Blog - 29. April 2020 - 7:44

Screenshot UNDP Webinar, ©UNDP

The Global Policy Centre Seoul of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) organized three virtual sessions on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international cooperation. The deputy director of the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Imme Scholz, participated in the last session on 16th April with 200 listeners. She emphasised that the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to be typical for the average crisis in the 21st century: it has complex causes and impacts; social and economic costs of the crisis are exacerbated by the insufficient provision of (global) public goods. It is paramount to invest in the resilience of societies, and to shape relief measures and economic recovery packages in a way that they contribute to implementing the SDGs and preventing climate crises.

Jorge Chediek, UN Office for South-South Cooperation, expects that globalisation will be questioned and reduced which will also put export-oriented development pathways into question. The enormous amounts of public spending for crisis relief in rich countries will create public deficits and may destabilise the global financial system and put budgets for international cooperation under pressure.

Tony Pipa, Brookings Institution, demanded that the response capacity of the multilateral system be strengthened. The UN should recommit to its norms and renew itself as an interconnected system. The pandemic shows that the structures for international financial cooperation are out of date as shared norms and cooperation structures for all financial institutions are still missing. Traditional and new donors need to reach a joint understanding of goals and criteria for development cooperation.

Sachin Chaturvedi, Research and Information System for Development Countries (RIS), stated that COVID-19 led to a universal crisis that showed a considerable lack of preparedness also in the North. Ethical principles such as human rights need to be brought back into shaping globalisation, providing global public goods, cooperating in research and development and investing in regional cooperation. The UN – in particular the World Health Organisation (WHO) – need to be given sanction rights.

Stephan Klingebiel, UNDP Global Policy Centre Seoul, stated that the coming months will show whether the COVID-19 pandemic will accelerate the crisis of the multilateral system or enable its courageous reform.

Here you can find a recording of the webinar:

Der Beitrag Webinar “Development Cooperation post COVID-19: Possible Implications of the Current Crisis” erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Webinar „Development Cooperation post COVID-19: Possible Implications of the Current Crisis”

DIE Blog - 29. April 2020 - 7:37

Screenshot UNDP Webinar, ©UNDP

Das Global Policy Centre Seoul des UN-Entwicklungsprogramms (UNDP) hat drei virtuelle Diskussionen zu den Auswirkungen der COVID-19-Pandemie auf die internationale Zusammenarbeit organisiert. An der letzten Sitzung am 16. April mit 200 Zuhörer*innen nahm auch die stellvertretende Direktorin des Deutschen Instituts für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Imme Scholz, teil. Sie hob hervor, dass die COVID-19-Pandemie wahrscheinlich typisch für die globalen Krisen sei, die das 21. Jahrhundert prägen werden: Sie habe komplexe Ursachen und Wirkungen; unzureichend bereitgestellte (globale) öffentliche Güter verschärften die sozialen und ökonomischen Kosten der Krise. Nun müsse in die Resilienz von Gesellschaften investiert werden. Hilfsmaßnahmen und Konjunkturprogramme im Zuge der Coronakrise seien an den SDGs und der Prävention von Klimakrisen zu orientieren.

Jorge Chediek, UN Office for South-South Cooperation, erwartet, dass es zu einem Abbau der Globalisierung kommen werde. Dies stelle auch exportorientierte Entwicklungspfade in Frage. Die hohen Haushaltsdefizite, die durch die enormen Hilfsprogramme in den reichen Ländern entstünden, seien eine Gefahr für das globale Finanzsystem; die Budgets für die internationale Zusammenarbeit würden sinken.

Tony Pipa, Brookings Institution, forderte, die Handlungsfähigkeit des multilateralen Systems zu stärken. Die UN sollten sich auf ihre Normen besinnen und als ein vernetzt handelndes System erneuern. Die Pandemie zeige, dass die gegenwärtige finanzielle Zusammenarbeit dysfunktional sei: Nötig seien gemeinsame Normen und Kooperationsstrukturen für alle großen Entwicklungsbanken. Traditionelle und neue Geber müssten dringend ein gemeinsames Verständnis über Ziele und Kriterien der EZ erreichen.

Sachin Chaturvedi, Research and Information System for Development Countries (RIS), stellte fest, dass COVID-19 zu einer universellen Krise geführt habe, auf die auch der Norden bemerkenswert schlecht vorbereitet gewesen sei. Ethische Grundsätze wie die Menschenrechte seien nun zentral, um die Globalisierung gerecht zu gestalten, globale öffentliche Güter bereitzustellen, in Forschung und Entwicklung zu kooperieren und in regionale Kooperation zu investieren. Die UN – insbesondere die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) – bräuchten endlich Sanktionsrechte.

Stephan Klingebiel, UNDP Global Policy Centre Seoul, stellte fest, dass die nächsten Monate zeigen würden, ob die COVID-19-Pandemie die Krise des multilateralen Systems beschleunigen oder eine mutige Reform ermöglichen werde.

Eine Aufzeichnung des Webinars finden Sie hier:

Der Beitrag Webinar „Development Cooperation post COVID-19: Possible Implications of the Current Crisis” erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Im Zuge der Gesundheitskrise droht eine Hungerkrise

VENRO - 28. April 2020 - 18:05

Die Covid-19-Pandemie trifft die Ärmsten am härtesten. Die Ernährungs- und Landwirtschaftsorganisation der Vereinten Nationen (FAO) warnt vor einer Welternährungskrise in Folge der Pandemie. Die am stärksten bedrohten Länder und Menschen bedürfen dringend unserer Solidarität. Die Coronakrise sollte aber auch ein Anlass sein, unsere Art zu produzieren und zu konsumieren zu überdenken. 

Bauern bleiben auf ihren Produkten sitzen, weil Händler sie aufgrund der Ausgangssperre nicht mehr in die Städte transportieren können. Tagelöhner und Wanderarbeiter_innen finden keine Einkommensmöglichkeiten mehr. Für hunderte Millionen Schulkinder weltweit entfallen Schulspeisungen, auf die sie als tägliche Mahlzeit angewiesen sind.

Die COVID-19-Pandemie hat vor allem Auswirkungen auf Länder und Menschen, die ohnehin schon mit Armut, Hunger, Krieg, Flucht und den Auswirkungen des Klimawandels konfrontiert sind. Die Pandemie könnte verheerende Folgen auf die Ernährungssicherheit in den Ländern des globalen Südens haben. Die Unterbrechung von Lieferketten, Handelsbeschränkungen, Hamsterkäufe und die Einschränkung der Bewegungsfreiheit können Nahrungsmittel verknappen und ihre Preise in die Höhe schießen lassen. Damit werden ausreichend sowie gesunde Nahrungsmittel für ärmere Menschen unerschwinglich.

In den vergangenen Jahren ist die Zahl der Menschen, die weltweit unter chronischem Hunger leiden, auf über 820 Millionen gestiegen. Verstärkt wurde diese Entwicklung durch die Auswirkungen des Klimawandels und bewaffneter Konflikte. Durch die drohende Rezession werden Millionen weiterer Menschen in Armut und Hunger abrutschen. Die Afrikanische Union rechnet im Zuge der Corona-Pandemie mit dem Verlust von 20 Millionen Arbeitsplätzen und einem Rückgang des Wirtschaftswachstums um 4,5 Prozent. Über die finanziellen Ressourcen, einen „Rettungsschirm“ aufzuspannen, verfügen die Regierungen der ärmsten Länder nicht. Ihre Gesundheitssysteme sind schwach, auch eine soziale Absicherung ist kaum vorhanden.

Die Schwachstellen des globalen Ernährungssystems werden ersichtlich

Deshalb ist es richtig, dass die Bundesregierung ein Sofortprogramm auflegt, um die ärmsten Länder bei der Bekämpfung der Coronakrise zu unterstützen. Diese Mittel müssen aber auch längerfristig für die Bewältigung der sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Folgen zur Verfügung gestellt werden. Nicht nur die Gesundheits- und Sozialsysteme müssen gestärkt werden, auch Programme zur Einkommensschaffung und Ernährungssicherung müssen fortgeführt und ausgebaut werden.

Die Krise wirft aber auch ein Schlaglicht auf die Schwachstellen des globalen Ernährungssystems und ihre fatalen Auswirkungen auf die am meisten gefährdeten Menschen. So hat zum Beispiel die starke Abhängigkeit vieler ärmerer Länder von Nahrungsmittelimporten zur Folge, dass sie Preisschwankungen auf dem Weltmarkt ausgeliefert sind und gesunde Lebensmittel gerade für arme Menschen kaum erschwinglich sind. Die Art, wie wir Lebensmittel produzieren, handeln und konsumieren, ist nicht nur für ein Drittel der weltweiten Treibhausgasemissionen verantwortlich. Forscher haben bereits vor dem Ausbruch der Corona-Pandemie gewarnt, dass die weltweit zunehmende Entwaldung, die Ausdehnung von Agrarflächen und das damit einhergehende Artensterben das Risiko, dass Krankheitserreger von Tieren auf Menschen übertragen werden, stark erhöhen.

Mit der Corona-Pandemie steigt der Druck, nun ernsthaft Maßnahmen zu ergreifen, die unser Ernährungssystem gerechter, nachhaltiger und widerstandsfähiger gegen Krisen machen.

Andrea Sonntag ist Referentin für Ernährungspolitik bei unserer Mitgliedsorganisation Welthungerhilfe.

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