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Globale Solidarität in Zeiten alltäglicher und akuter Krisen

VENRO - 15. Mai 2020 - 17:49

Unser Lebensstil fordert unabhängig von der Corona-Pandemie viele Opfer und überschreitet die Grenzen der Belastbarkeit unseres Planeten. Umso wichtiger ist es, solidarisches Handeln immer an den Verwundbarsten und am stärksten Betroffenen zu orientieren, schreibt der VENRO-Vorsitzende Dr. Bernd Bornhorst in einem Beitrag über die Herausforderungen globaler Verantwortung in der Corona-Krise.

Hierzulande geht es meist um den Zusammenhalt der Gesellschaft, wenn über Solidarität gesprochen wird. Man nimmt Einschränkungen gemeinsam hin und hofft auf ein baldiges Überstehen der Krise. Diese soziale Solidarität hat Michael Reder bereits im ersten Beitrag des Blogs Praktiken der Solidarität kritisiert, da sie oftmals bestimmte politische Faktoren vernachlässigt und sich auf die nationale Gemeinschaft beschränkt. An dieser Stelle soll sich auf die politische Solidarität konzentriert werden. Diese Form der Solidarität richtet den Blick über Grenzen hinweg nach vorne und stellt sich die Frage, wie in Zeiten der Krise politische Lösungen für tieferliegende Probleme gefunden werden können.

Solidarisches Handeln muss sich immer an den Verwundbarsten und am stärksten Betroffenen orientieren. Besonders im Globalen Süden sind die gesellschaftlichen Systeme oftmals nicht auf eine Pandemie vorbereitet. Bereits vorher schlecht aufgestellte Bereiche wie das Gesundheitswesen sind schnell überlastet. Es mangelt an Infrastruktur, Personal und Ausrüstung. Im Südsudan beispielsweise gibt es für elf Millionen Menschen ganze vier Beatmungsgeräte. Von dem mangelhaften Zugang zu Seife und fließendem Wasser für die Bevölkerung ganz zu schweigen. Auch im Bildungswesen und den sozialen Sicherungssystemen zeigt sich deutlich die strukturelle Unterversorgung, die besonders die Ärmsten betrifft.

Spezifische Bedürfnisse vulnerabler Gruppen müssen im Fokus stehen

In akuten Notsituationen bedarf es zunächst der finanziellen und technischen Unterstützung, um den Virus unter Kontrolle zu bringen. Sowohl im Gesundheitswesen als auch bei der Versorgung alltäglicher Bedürfnisse, die von Staaten teilweise nicht mehr gewährleistet werden kann. Ein besonderes Augenmerk muss hier auf Regionen liegen, die bereits vorher unter humanitären Krisen litten, wie zum Beispiel Syrien oder der Jemen. In Flüchtlingslagern droht eine humanitäre Katastrophe, wenn diese nicht aufgelöst und Geflüchtete geschützt werden. Grundsätzlich gilt, dass bei allen Maßnahmen die spezifischen Bedürfnisse aller marginalisierten und vulnerablen Gruppen im Fokus stehen müssen. Hierzu gehören unter anderem Kinder, Mädchen und Frauen, Menschen mit Behinderungen oder ältere Menschen. Während der Ebola-Epidemie in Westafrika beispielsweise starben mehr Frauen aufgrund der zusammengebrochenen Gesundheitsversorgung bei Geburten als unmittelbar an dem Ebola-Virus.

Es kann derzeit aber nicht nur darum gehen, die gesundheitliche Krise zu überwinden und so schnell es geht zur „Normalität“ zurückzukehren. Die herrschenden politischen und ökonomischen Missstände und ihre Ursachen zu ignorieren würde bedeuten, der nächsten Krise genauso verwundbar gegenüber zu stehen.

Kosten werden konsequent auf die schwächsten Glieder abgewälzt

Es ist absurd, dass eine Gesundheitskrise erst das alltägliche Leben zum Stillstand bringen muss, damit es einen signifikanten Rückgang bei der globalen Produktion und dem Konsum gibt. Und dass, obwohl Klima- und Umweltschutz inzwischen von einer breiten Öffentlichkeit getragen werden. Wenn nun über die Wiederbelebung der Wirtschaft diskutiert wird, ist analog zur letzten Finanzkrise sofort wieder eine „Abwrackprämie“ im Spiel. Ein ökologisches Desaster. Diese Maßnahme ist ein Paradebeispiel für eine imperiale Lebensweise, die sich auf die Ausbeutung der Ressourcen und Arbeitskräfte im globalen Süden stützt. Kosten werden konsequent auf die schwächsten Glieder abgewälzt.

In der Textilindustrie zum Beispiel ist die Lage derzeit äußerst prekär. In Bangladesch wurden bis Ende März eine Million Menschen in diesem Sektor entlassen. Der Grund dafür war nicht der Infektionsschutz, sondern plötzliche Auftragsstornierungen großer Einzelhandelsketten wie Primark oder C&A. Abfindungszahlungen gab es für 80 Prozent der Entlassenen nicht. Durch die schon vorher viel zu niedrigen Löhne haben die Arbeiter_innen und ihre Familien keine Rücklagen und sind durch fehlende soziale Sicherungssysteme akut von Armut betroffen.

Wir dürfen die Augen nicht vor den eigenen Privilegien verschließen

Dieses Beispiel verdeutlicht, wie wichtig Regelungen sind, die menschenrechtliche Sorgfaltspflichten verbindlich festlegen. Aktuell besteht jedoch die Gefahr, dass die Corona-Krise als Vorwand genutzt wird, um gesetzliche Bestimmungen in den internationalen Lieferketten zu verhindern. Dabei sollte gerade die aktuelle Situation genutzt werden, um neue Pfade einzuschlagen. Alle wirtschaftlichen Unterstützungsmaßnahmen müssen auf eine sozial verträgliche und nachhaltige Art des Wirtschaftens ausgerichtet sein.

Solidarität bedeutet an dieser Stelle, nicht die Augen vor den eigenen Privilegien zu verschließen. Wir müssen anerkennen, dass unser Lebensstil unabhängig von der Corona-Krise alltäglich viele Opfer fordert und die Grenzen der Belastbarkeit unseres Planeten überschreitet. Somit stehen auch wir in der Verantwortung, unsere wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Systeme so umzugestalten, dass sie gemeinwohlorientierten und nachhaltigen Grundsätzen folgen.

Dieser Artikel ist zuerst auf dem Blog Praktiken der Solidarität des Lehrstuhls für Neuere und Neueste Geschichte der Universität Augsburg erschienen und wird hier in leicht veränderter Form erneut veröffentlicht.

Feminist Response to COVID-19: an online repository to strengthen solidarity

SID - 8. Mai 2020 - 10:15
Body:  Feminist organizations and activists have been very dynamic reacting to the COVID-19 pandemic and providing their own analysis through gender and intersectional perspectives, as well as shedding light on the inequalities impacting women and LGBTQA+ people during the on-going health crisis.  COVID-19 has exacerbated the gendered aspect of inequalities, placing women at the front line of healthcare systems maintenance, while being less able to participate in decision-making processes concerning their own needs and situation. In fact, women often represents the great majority of health workers. In countries heavily impacted by the current pandemic, such as China or France, women represents 90% of nurses in hospitals. Furthermore, while unfair division of labor inside households increases women’s care work and tend to make them more exposed to the virus, policy responses to guaranteeing the continuity and security of sexual and reproductive rights or to prevent domestic violence continue to be largely disregarded.  In late February, the 64th session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW),  working towards the achievement of gender equality in the realization of the 2030 Agenda, was cancelled. In their blog, the activists Emilia Reyes and Bridget Burns points out that « for these groups of feminists, in addition to local and national concerns, a void in multilateral efforts to address the crisis posed a clear risk for the effectiveness of the responses ». They called for a collective response from the feminists movements to tackle the challenge of bringing a comprehensive, intersectional response to the COVID-19 at global level.  As part of this effort, feminist organizations and activists, working across global movements centered on human rights, sustainable development, and economic and social justice have come together in a moment of collective organizing to outline key principles for a just and resilient recovery from the ongoing global pandemic, as well as to track responses and uplift collective action of feminists around the world.  In this sense, the « Feminist response to COVID-19 » website was launched to gather inputs facilitating the coordination among feminist groups and activists that are directly facing the crisis on the ground, but also as a starting point to map out possible scenarios and strategies for the long-term response from policy decision-makers. The dynamic team of 25 volunteer that is fueling the website on a weekly basis by having identified a set of principles that emerged from the movements and cross-cutting human right’s aspects. Moreover, the website was provided with a Response Tracker section gathering several exemples of policy-response to the COVID-19 affecting women and LGBTQA+ people; as well as both Online Dialogue and Resource sections that aims to relay diverse informations such as feminist fundings, calls to actions, resourcing, political analysis… In the coming weeks, a public facing form will allow for individuals to upload information and analysis which, so far,  have been omitted. The website brings a real platform for scaling up the feminist perspective into COVID-19 policy responses, bringing a reflection on the sense of care, its place in society and the redefinition of ‘essential work’, at the intersection of political, economic and gender inequalities.    Image: Promoted: Introduction: Feminists across organizations and movements centered on human rights, sustainable development, economic and social justice came together to launch http://www.feministcovidresponse.com/, a volunteer online data repository of information on feminist principles and actions, as well as policy responses to the COVID-19 crisis. 

Sreerupa: Whose bread? Every morning machines whistle, pots clang – the bakery is busy Bread and biscuits are prepared, boxes are packed and workers are happy

DIE Blog - 7. Mai 2020 - 13:19

Indian Health Ministry posters on the prevention of the Covid-19 coronavirus have been posted in hospitals, airports, train stations and other sites. ©RFI/Murali Krishnan

First text: Write up on the state of health communication in India in the context of the pandemic

Second text: A poem

Pandemic and Health Communication

As I write today, new cases are getting reported in some part of the world. In January no one could have imagined that the world will come to an unprecedented halt soon. That the world will face a mammoth humanitarian crisis – international and state borders will be closed, economy will be disrupted, jobs will be lost, people will be quarantined and millions will be forced to practice social isolation to control the spread of a virus.

World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the outbreak of corona virus disease COVID-19 as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020. Globally, the virus was gradually spreading and discussions on how prepared countries were to deal with COVID -19, gained momentum by end February. Finally, on 11 March 2020, COVID -19 was characterized as a pandemic by WHO.

India reported its first case of COVID -19 towards the end of January. By the middle of March, the virus had spread to most parts of the country. Like all other countries, the Indian government focused on several containment and control activities. Thermal screening, testing, tracking of contacts were strengthened; and following the traditional public health approach, to infection disease control, those already infected or considered most vulnerable to becoming infected were quarantined. India is home to 1.3 billion people. In an attempt to mitigate the risk of further spread of the virus– the government also mandated that people should practice social distancing or isolation.

As cases of COVID -19 increased, the Indian government was forced to declare a complete lockdown in the third week of March.

Words matter in the absence of vaccine

If there was a vaccine for protection against COVID-19, the scenario would have been very different and less complicated. There would have been firm reassurance of the mitigation of the disease. The absence of a vaccine or cure for COVID-19, exacerbated anxiety, fear and uncertainty. Four decades ago, the world had faced a similar situation during the HIV & AIDS pandemic (in the absence of a vaccine).

In this light, one of the single most important component of prevention strategy, was health communication.

Drawing from the WHO guidelines, the Indian government, within a very short period of time created a plethora of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials. These IEC materials are available in various formats – print, audio-visual and electronic. The purpose of these IEC materials is to sensitise people about: mode of transmission of the virus, and various measures which should be adopted by the individual to prevent the spread of virus. The health messages had a two-fold objective: prevention of risk and inducing health seeking behavior among individual.

While these IEC materials are timely and necessary but the messages are confined within a narrow public health framework. Given the situation, it is no surprise that the core focus of the messages is risk prevention. However, history has shown (for instance during the HIV pandemic) that infectious disease has a lot of stigma associated with it and this has horrifying ramifications. The stigma can give rise to discriminatory attitude towards people who contract the virus and their family, care givers and friends. The discrimination negatively impacts people and drives the disease underground.

Address stigma and human rights

COVID 19 has given rise to stigma and discrimination because – it is a new virus, we have insufficient information about it and we are fearful of the unknown. Hence, the tendency is to label or stereotype groups, communities. Such attitude can prevent people from accessing healthcare services – from getting tested and quarantined. Hence, it is essential that IEC materials address the issue of stigma along with messages on risk prevention.

In addition, we have to realise that individual behavior and decision-making capacity are determined by the social context in which an individual lives and this in turn influences their health seeking behaviour. The practice of self-isolation or social distancing (which most of these materials emphasise) is not an option for a large majority of the Indian population. The social distancing is a luxury which can be afforded by the upper and middle class only. For a large part of the society, especially those from the socio economically disadvantaged background staying at home is an extremely difficult proposition. They have to step out of their houses to earn their living. Acknowledging the lived realities of people (slum dwellers, daily labourers, sex workers and others) the language of human rights should be an integral part of our health communication. Our health messages should cover the continuum of prevention, care and treatment. We need to communicate support, empathy and encouragement for our frontline workers (such as healthcare providers, people providing essential services, community leaders).

Reduce inequalities for a sustainable tomorrow

HIV and AIDS epidemic has played a major role in bringing public health and human rights together. Infact, the HIV and AIDS pandemic had revealed the significance and necessity of using a human rights language in health communication. It is disheartening to note that we have yet not incorporated those invaluable lessons in our country’s health communication and disaster management strategy. While one hand the individualistic, risk prevention messages are important, on the other, as the pandemic matures, it is important to ensure that we consciously address issues of stigma and discrimination. The disease should not create factions, deepen existing inequalities and further marginalize people.

The COVID -19 pandemic will have a devastating impact on all the goals of sustainable development. Our success in overcoming the negative impact of the epidemic and achieving the goals of Agenda 2030 will depend on cooperation, solidarity and ensuring the rights of all people.

Whose bread?

Every morning machines whistle, pots clang – the bakery is busy
Bread and biscuits are prepared, boxes are packed and workers are happy
Every morning I am baked, wrapped in a brown cover, made ready for sale
I travel to an orphanage to feed children who are lonely and pale.

My world was bright and joyful, till one day
A virus spread across the globe and put lives at bay
The pandemic created fear, triggered confusion and treason
People were panicky- survival was foremost, their behavior lost reason
Government ordered lockdown – protection of the population was key
In the absence of vaccine, social isolation became the p strategy.

Is social isolation pragmatic for all women, men and children?
Context matters but there was absence of detailed thought or discussion
Daily labourers, slum dwellers, elderly, differently-abled, refugees
What will they eat? Where will they go? How will life go on?

Food was hoarded, rights denied – discrimination was blatant
In a bid to protect oneself, othering was evident
As I was being baked amidst confusion – I asked aloud
Where will I go? Orphanage or to the big house?
To big houses to save and sustain lives
I couldn’t believe what I heard, my voice was chocked and I lost words
It is time to rethink – in this time of crisis are we prioritizing lives, and fueling inequities?

As countries struggle for existence, many questions come to light
How do we balance public health and human right?
How prepared are we for risk management, how effectively can we fight?

The pandemic has forced us to reflect, adopt a new approach to life and living
We need to understand our context and focus on systems thinking
I will be backed again tomorrow for lives more ‘important’
But for development to be inclusive and sustainable empathy is most significant.

Sreerupa Sengupta, PhD
Assistant Professor, Healthcare Management
GOA Institute of Management

Commentary received on: 05.04.2020

Der Beitrag Sreerupa: Whose bread? Every morning machines whistle, pots clang – the bakery is busy Bread and biscuits are prepared, boxes are packed and workers are happy erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Sreerupa: A poem: Whose bread?

DIE Blog - 6. Mai 2020 - 14:24

Indian Health Ministry posters on the prevention of the Covid-19 coronavirus have been posted in hospitals, airports, train stations and other sites. ©RFI/Murali Krishnan

Whose bread?

Every morning machines whistle, pots clang – the bakery is busy
Bread and biscuits are prepared, boxes are packed and workers are happy
Every morning I am baked, wrapped in a brown cover, made ready for sale
I travel to an orphanage to feed children who are lonely and pale.

My world was bright and joyful, till one day
A virus spread across the globe and put lives at bay
The pandemic created fear, triggered confusion and treason
People were panicky- survival was foremost, their behavior lost reason
Government ordered lockdown – protection of the population was key
In the absence of vaccine, social isolation became the p strategy.

Is social isolation pragmatic for all women, men and children?
Context matters but there was absence of detailed thought or discussion
Daily labourers, slum dwellers, elderly, differently-abled, refugees
What will they eat? Where will they go? How will life go on?

Food was hoarded, rights denied – discrimination was blatant
In a bid to protect oneself, othering was evident
As I was being baked amidst confusion – I asked aloud
Where will I go? Orphanage or to the big house?
To big houses to save and sustain lives
I couldn’t believe what I heard, my voice was chocked and I lost words
It is time to rethink – in this time of crisis are we prioritizing lives, and fueling inequities?

As countries struggle for existence, many questions come to light
How do we balance public health and human right?
How prepared are we for risk management, how effectively can we fight?

The pandemic has forced us to reflect, adopt a new approach to life and living
We need to understand our context and focus on systems thinking
I will be backed again tomorrow for lives more ‘important’
But for development to be inclusive and sustainable empathy is most significant.

Sreerupa Sengupta, PhD
Assistant Professor, Healthcare Management
GOA Institute of Management

Commentary received on: 05.04.2020

Der Beitrag Sreerupa: A poem: Whose bread? erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Multilateral Negotiations and ‘social distancing’

DIE Blog - 6. Mai 2020 - 14:00

The year 2020 should have seen many major international conferences, mandated to take especially important decisions to protect the environment. The Convention on Biological Diversity was set to convene in China in October for its 15th conference of the parties (COP). The 26th Climate Change Conference (COP26) should have met in the United Kingdom in November and the World Trade Organization (WTO) was supposed to hold its Ministerial Conference in June. However, since March 2020, COVID-19 has led to the cancelation or postponement of those meetings. Many other multilateral conferences have been victim of the spread of COVID-19, with governments being forced to close borders and cancel conferences. Others, such as the G7, G20, the Petersberg Climate Dialogue or European Council meetings are taking place as video conferences. Whereas a teleconference with seven leaders might be a feasible solution, the two main options for multilateral negotiations – either delaying meetings or moving them online – both pose major challenges.

Delaying international negotiations

Although the short-term effects of the coronavirus-induced economic downturn may allow mother nature some breathing space, the delay of major international meetings poses challenges to multilateral cooperation with regards a number of pressing global environmental problems. The year 2020 started with high hopes for environmental negotiations, as both the biodiversity and the climate COP were set to be major environmental milestones. With the spread of a global pandemic, climate change, biodiversity loss and any other global challenges not directly related to COVID-19 inevitably lose priority and salience for states, society and the media. If negotiations recommence next year during a time of economic recession unprecedented in our lifetime, states might be even more likely to prioritise economic growth over environmental concerns.

Negotiating virtually

Organising meetings virtually, via skype, zoom or other tools, is probably the most popular way of communication in 2020. However, holding virtual meetings, which include nearly 200 states’ representatives spread across the world, is a challenging endeavour. It raises questions of transparency, security and the feasibility of producing agreements at all. The WTO decided to postpone its meetings, instead of holding it virtually due to technical challenges, such as simultaneous translations and access to stable internet connection by all its members.

A transparent and inclusive diplomatic process foresees the possibility for every country to raise their voice. Contrary to all-day negotiations, online sessions are often reduced to a few hours due to time zone differences, making it difficult for everyone to speak. Moreover, successful diplomacy lives and dies with informal meetings over coffee, lunch or somewhere in the corridors. Diplomats carefully engage with their partners and opponents in informal ways, to understand red lines and possible compromise solutions. If such meetings need to be organised more formally, by picking up the phone, or sending an e-mail, progress in the negotiations appears less likely. Even worse, breakout sessions, i.e. smaller informal negotiations in a virtual format mean stopping an ongoing online meeting, starting a new one with a smaller group of countries and then later restarting a new meeting with full participation. This complicates negotiations and undermines the transparency of the process.

The new online mode of negotiations provides both major challenges and advantages for developing countries. On the one hand, informal consultations in a virtual format seem to privilege developed, well-equipped countries. Developing and especially very small countries risk being sidelined in the process. They are more likely to miss out on informal consultations and might not get the chance to engage in such meetings themselves. For busy negotiators, it is a lot easier to ignore an e-mail than to walk away when being approached personally. This also affects civil society and the media. Moving negotiations online thus risks undermining the transparency of the whole process. On the other hand, virtual meetings are less costly, allowing developing countries to participate more easily and with a larger delegation. Moreover, negotiations will focus on formal meetings with the whole group, thereby increasing the chance of smaller countries to be involved. Informal meetings, which are happening regularly during physical meetings, often disadvantage smaller countries, as the big and influential strike deals behind their backs.

Last by far from least, technical and security issues challenge virtual diplomacy. Most virtual negotiations take currently place on zoom. However, many experts have raised security concerns, especially when smaller breakout sessions take place. If negotiators do not trust that their meeting stays confidential, they will be reluctant to share sensitive information. Those are however essential in order to reach a compromise. In addition, simultaneous translations, which is the standards in official UN meetings, are difficult for online formats. Moreover, a good internet connection is still expensive and difficult to attain in some developing countries. This makes participation in virtual live consultations a huge challenge and risks excluding a few nations.

Even so, virtual meetings are challenging, recent examples show some positive trends. In the Petersberg Climate Dialogue, the speeches of German Chancellor Angela Merkel and UN-Secretary General Antonio Guterres, as well as the high-level questions and answers with ministers were streamed live on the internet. Similarly, the Adaption Committee in the context of climate change gave a positive example on how to make the best out of the situation. By scheduling their meeting from 1 pm to 3 pm CET, they allowed all participants to attend during daytime. Moreover, broadcasting the meeting via YouTube Live, allowed anyone interested to follow the discussions. In addition, the video conferences by the European Council are a positive example of how virtual meetings work. It allows EU leaders to get together quickly and discuss urgent challenges, such as the European response for COVID-19.

Outlook on international cooperation

Multilateral negotiations face huge challenges in times of ‘social distancing’. Losing momentum for environmental protection is a very real risk when economies are under threat. The organisers of upcoming negotiation rounds thus have the tremendous task of ensuring a fully inclusive process. Nonetheless, let us conclude on a positive note. Testing out new methods of virtual cooperation might introduce new modes of negotiations for the future, reducing physical, costly meetings. Even though nobody is able to predict the effect of COVID-19 on the future of multilateral cooperation, it is likely that a challenging process will also come up with new, innovative solutions. Necessity is the mother of invention.

Der Beitrag Multilateral Negotiations and ‘social distancing’ erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

MGG network members virtually discuss digital solutions

DIE Blog - 6. Mai 2020 - 13:09

Since the second half of 2019, a team of MGG network members from Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico and Germany virtually puts its heads together to discuss options and opportunities regarding a digital space for the entire network. The aim is to deepen international cooperation and strengthen global connections by providing a space that makes it easy to exchange and explore the network anytime.

Like most of the people and the institute itself, the team, which is dedicated to the search for an internet platform for the MGG network, has to adapt its way of working to the new challenges. Although we are traditionally used to exchange and collaborate across different time zones and continents using digital channels, the virus brings with it some additional challenges. The cooperation is affected by practical quarantine restrictions like changed working hours or simply a poor internet connection (yes, unfortunately the quality of our screenshots from the last meeting was too bad). Fortunately, humans are very robust and adaptable and our learning curve goes up steeply.
The crisis and the fact that personal contact has become virtually impossible show just how important a forum with easy access for all members and friends of the network really is. But it is precisely through this isolation for an indefinite period of time that we learn how important the platform is not only as a work space for common questions and for connecting members, but that the connection of us all as humans is the basis for the spirit of the network and the cooperation that arises from it.

After we tested a potential platform with a group at the end of 2019, a small group of the network is currently working on evaluating the tested platform as well as possible alternatives. The goal is ultimately to achieve the best possible outcome for the network and to find the solution that can lift the spirit of the MGG network into digital space. In addition to testing alternative systems, we meet regularly via Skype and Zoom to share our experiences and always check the priorities set. Ultimately, we hope to have found a suitable solution for all requirements soon, so that the platform will remain a contact point for dialogue, cooperation and friendship long after the crisis has been overcome, and will accompany us as a strong network through the next, hopefully less dramatic tasks.

Der Beitrag MGG network members virtually discuss digital solutions erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Yan Cui: At first, Nobody cared about this disaster…

DIE Blog - 5. Mai 2020 - 13:23

©“The Wandering Earth“

Receiving letter from MGG team, I’d like share some lines from a movie named <the wandering Earth> and also some personal experience to help fighting with the corona-virus together. 

 

 

 

 

At first, 

Nobody cared about this disaster, 

(Over 900 missing after volcanic eruptions in South Carolina.) 


Just another wildfire, 

(The equator warming leads to drought) 


another drought, 

(Drop in sea level poses a problem) 


another extinction of species, 

(Poor harvest leads to popular unrest) 

(Nasa launched first spacecraft) 


another vanishing city. 

Until everyone is entwined with this disaster. 

… 

To face this coming cataclysmic disaster, 

mankind united like never seen before.  



Here is some personal experience: 

As you may know, China is the first lock-down country to cope with the national-wide spreading corona-virus. My personal experience is to listen to the governmental guidance, stay at home and reduce going out as far as possible. 

We are implementing community surveillance system at the moment. Each community is responsible for the epidemic prevention work within its own territory. The property management staff of each community will confirm every person going in and out belongs to its own community, make sure that nobody goes out without a face mask, doing disinfection work for public areas and monitor the body temperature of each person entering the community. Once a person’s body temperature is unusual, the community will report to local neighborhood committee immediately, and the latter will report to higher authority of virus control department of the government. Turns out that this is an effective way of controlling the source of infection. 

If I’m going out for grocery shopping, the first thing is to put on my face mask and bring tissue papers to press the elevator buttons, and avoid touching public facilities directly as far as possible. Besides, I need to go through the monitoring systems both from my own community and from the supermarket or grocery shops, which have their own systems for monitoring customers‘ body temperature. 

When I’m going home from outside, the first thing is to take off my shoes and left them outside of the door, to keep virus away from home area. Then the second step is to take off my facial masks. The third step is to wash my hands carefully. And then to hang my outside clothes in a ventilated place. After that, wash hands again and then take a shower, or just wash face and hairs. 

My Association begins shift system since March 10. I take a shift on duty once a week. Smaller department arranges one person per day, and bigger departments arrange two or three people per day, depending the space of their office. The Association will make sure the work place is properly disinfected, and staff members need to report their own temperature everyday to the office. 

That’s all my sharing. Hope all of you stay well and safe! I believe that under this solidarity, we will fight over it soon. At the same time, enjoy and cherish this uncommon home office period, accompanying our beloved ones. 

Best wishes, 

Yan CUI
China Association for Standardization (CAS)
Department of Technology Development; Department of International Cooperation Office 


Commentary received on: 27.03.2020

Der Beitrag Yan Cui: At first, Nobody cared about this disaster… erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Rita: This is how we work in our family. We are my husband, my sons and me…

DIE Blog - 5. Mai 2020 - 12:31

©Rita Klüwer

Rita Klüwer
Koordination
German Development Institute /
Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik(DIE)

https://blogs.die-gdi.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Rita.mp4

Der Beitrag Rita: This is how we work in our family. We are my husband, my sons and me… erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

COVID-19 response and the climate crisis: people and planet first!  

SID - 4. Mai 2020 - 9:58
Body: As the health crisis ask extraordinary measures from States and international institutions, the financial response to the Covid-19 pandemic will also require exceptional measures to mitigate the impacts of the shutdown of our economies. While the pandemic crisis and the series of responses taken exacerbate the already existing inequalities within countries, affecting disproportionately the most marginalized by the system, the post-Covid economic recovery must not be climate-blind. For this reason,45 NGOs and think-tanks have sent a letter to ECB President Christine Lagarde on April 30 to call for remembering that the health and economic crisis came at a time of climate crisis too, « and we cannot address one crisis while ignoring the other». Indeed, as the Covid-19 crisis unfolds, the ECB’s financial strategy is being changed to the detriment of green investments. In the letter, the organizations makes recommendations to the ECB to initiate a coordinated structural response to both the COVID-19 and climate crisis. These , includes:   - Align its asset purchasing programmes and collateral frameworks with the Paris Climate Agreement, to support the low carbon transition.   - Align its refinancing operations to the banking sector with the Paris Agreement to encourage more sustainable bank lending and fill the green investment gap. - Support asset markets for sustainable investment and coordinate operations with the European Investment Bank (or other equivalent European institutions) to ramp up green investment and lock-in a low carbon future.   - Implement prudential measures to increase the resilience of the European banking sector to climate risks and reduce brown financial flows (e.g. financing fossil fuels).   - Lead by example on climat disclosures and transparency by assessing and regularly communicating to elected officials the alignment of its operations with the Paris Agreement and that of the European banking sector.   You can access  the letter here.   A briefing paper providing more informations is also available here.       Image: Promoted: Introduction: The monetary policy decisions taken on April 30 by the European Central Bank (ECB) Governing Council are not on the way to meet a green recovery from the coronavirus crisis. Forty-five NGOs and think tanks have written to ECB President Christine Lagarde demanding action.   

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