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The Weaponization of Identity and Citizenship: The Case of Tanzania

11. Februar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

The article explores the weaponization of identity and citizenship in Tanzania that is becoming increasingly authoritarian. It illustrates the types of discriminations that a citizen can face for not affiliating with the ruling political party, from unemployment to statelessness; even refugees escaping persecution can’t find refuge and are expelled in such a climate.

Who’s Who

10. Februar 2020 - 0:00

Intentional BlackLove: Space Making, Visionary Solidarity, and Black Feminisms Movement Building

10. Februar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

This article shares the highlights and successes of the Black Feminisms Forum and explains the necessity of Black space, Black women’s spaces and Black queer space (even within multi-ethnic and women of colour spaces), as well as visionary solidarity that was co-created and intentionally focused on BlackLove. It also discusses the Black Feminisms Forum as a continuous movementbuilding process for Black feminists activists, artists, community workers and agitators.

Archeology of Knowledge: An Interview with Heidi Grunebaum on Identities and Citizenship

5. Februar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

An interview with Heidi Grunebaum a scholar, activist, and poet, on her views on identity and citizenship in a global world that is increasingly reproducing systems of violence that it was assumed belonged to humanity’s past. Researching the answer of why that is, Grunebaum shares the lessons learned from her personal identity and work moving between Germany, South Africa, and Palestine-Israel.

Editorial: Who Belongs?

29. Januar 2020 - 0:00

Exchange Rate Undervaluation and Growth in China

27. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

The widely held belief that China’s undervalued exchange rate has been crucial to its rapid industrialization and economic growth over the last four decades is critically qualified and nuanced. In any case, renminbi (RMB) appreciation, rising wages with exhaustion of its labour surplus, growing domestic demand and slowing international trade and growth following the 2008 global financial crisis have reduced China’s economic growth.

The Soldier, The Terrorist, and The Woman: A Gendered Analysis of Enforced Displacement in Northwestern Pakistan Post 2014

27. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

After the enforced displacement of around 1.7 million civilians from Federally Administered Tribal Areas in 2014, as a result of Pakistan’s military operation ‘Zarb-e-Azb’ against terrorist insurgencies located in the said area, the military were celebrated, while issues of enforced displacement were relegated to the backseat, with rudimentary charitable actions executed to eulogize the sacrifice of the Pashtuns, already existing on the periphery. This article focuses on Pashtun women who can be described as the marginalized of the marginalized, existing outside the realm of authority and politics, wholly ignored by the state and the military with respect to their absence in repatriation policies and unthought of by the metropolitan nationals and self-proclaimed intellectuals.

Book Shelf

24. Januar 2020 - 0:00

Deconstructing Transgender Identities in Pakistan, India, and Iran in Colonial and Post-colonial Context

24. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

This article examines rights-based mobilization amongst the transgender community in Pakistan, India, and Iran. It tackles the dominant discourse of Human Rights, which has always found its geographic epistemic in the Global North. Thus, it argues that understanding the rights of transgender people in a non-Western world requires tracing the etymological history of such rights language, which is embedded within a greater vernacular knowledge of rights influenced by its colonial past.

Window on the World

24. Januar 2020 - 0:00

Religious Identity and Politics of Citizenship in South Asia: A Reflection on Refugees and Migrants in India

21. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

The article addresses the post-secular shift in the global politics of citizenship and migration where secular and inclusive ideals are being threatened by emerging right-wing leadership, especially in the Indian subcontinent. It also highlights the politicization of migration and citizenship through ethnic and nationalistic discourses, illustrating examples of refugees and migrants in India. It also investigates the nexus between the controversial Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 and the divisive National Register of Citizens.

Unwanted Identities: The ‘Religion Line’ and Global Islamophobia

21. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

The article discusses why Islamophobia constitutes a major racist discourse today and illustrates how we can make sense of this global relevance of Islamophobia. The author explains the centrality of the ‘religion line’ in the current global world system by drawing on the post-Cold War era. Through a decolonial reading of Islamophobia, three empirical cases are chosen to discuss differences and commonalities between various forms of Islamophobia in the Xingjiang/China, Egypt, and the USA exploring the effects of this global phenomenon on the discursive construction of identities, citizenship rights, and governance.

Invisibles: An Ethnography About Identity, Rights and Citizenship in the Trajectories of Brazilians Adults Without Papers

17. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

This article synthesizes some results of the author’s Ph.D. thesis, an ethnography about Brazilian adults who lived without papers until the moment they sought their birth certificates, which were being offered as a free public service in downtown Rio de Janeiro. In a dialogue with the concept of the ‘margins of the state’ (Das and Poole in Anthropology in the margins of the state, School of American Research, New Mexico, 2004), the article shows how undocumented people disregard themselves as subjects and analyzes the birth certificate as an institutional rite (Bourdieu in A economia das trocas linguísticas, Edusp, São Paulo, 1996), demonstrating that the search for papers is also for rights and citizenship.

Closing the Gap Between Legal and Social Citizenship for Roma People

15. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

While Roma people are most often legal citizens in their countries, long-term persecution and discrimination has affected their social citizenship: their ability to fully participate as active citizens, their capacity to pursue high-status professions and their choices and rights. This essay integrates personal reflections with a historical and contemporary overview of citizenship rights for Roma, makes recommendations for reducing the gap between their legal and social citizenship, and explores the possibility to redefine the Roma condition in the twenty-first century.

Enforcing Law and Norms for Good Citizens: One View of China’s Social Credit System Project

15. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

Despite widespread mischaracterization and misconception about its policy objective and content, China’s social credit system project at this point consists primarily of a set of new approaches to enforcing conduct norms that already exist in the country’s multi-layered legal and extralegal norm systems. This essay explains such enforcement logic inherent in the project’s application to regulating behaviour of individual citizens. It also argues that the project’s implementation of its envisioned new enforcement paradigm is foremost challenged by design difficulties.

The Haunting Specter of Hindu Ethnonationalist-Neocolonial Development in the Indian Occupied Kashmir

14. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

The Indian government says that the removal of Kashmir’s autonomy is for development, but it should be seen as embedded in a structure of neocolonialism based on fundamentalist Hindu ethnonationalism or Hindutva and fueled by neoliberalism in which even Muslims living in India are cast as invaders and foreigners. Kashmiri, doubly marked as the Other: first as Muslims and second as seekers of self-determination, fear their loss of territorial sovereignty will pave way for settler colonialism, dispossession of indigenous people and rampant exploitation of resources resulting in neocolonial maldevelopment.

Finance’s New Avatar

14. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

The transformation of finance in recent decades has involved new property rights creating novel financial assets and transnational financial relations. Ascendant financialization, associated with financial globalization, has facilitated the capture of financial rents from changes in the prices of securities, held directly or indirectly, and often financed through repo markets. Commercial banks increasingly serve securities and derivative markets, as shadow banking has grown in significance, accelerating financial wealth concentration.

Contested Conservation: Implications for Rights, Democratization, and Citizenship in Southern Africa

14. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

Two competing ideological approaches have emerged in African wildlife conservation: an exclusionary approach that is aligned with the, mostly Western, animal protection movement; and the inclusive human rights-based approach of many African governments, which reflects the opinions and rights of their citizens. The emergence of social media as a campaign tool used by animal protection organizations reduces the ability of rural African citizens to engage with policy processes affecting their rights and strengthens the ability of misinformed western citizens to assume this role.

What is Slowing Growth in China?

14. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

A small part of the slowdown of growth in China in the recent decade may be due to the decline in population growth. The major factor contributing to China’s growth slowdown has been the reversal of earlier policies resulting in foreign exchange reserve accumulation. The resulting pressure for the currency to appreciate undermined the international competitiveness of Chinese exports. This has led to the decline in China’s export/GDP and investment/GDP ratios besides reorienting growth towards domestic consumption, thus also reducing household savings.

Indigenous Peoples Re-Membering Their Futures in Extraordinary Times

14. Januar 2020 - 0:00
Abstract

Political turmoil has become widespread in many regions of the world. Trends including right-wing populism, widening income inequality, and the planetary threats of climate change and biodiversity loss affect the rights and survival of Indigenous Peoples (IPs). This article will examine why some of these trends affect IPs in unique ways, and will suggest pathways toward supporting IPs’ right of self-determination for its own sake and for its value to all life.

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