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More women and girls needed in the sciences to solve world’s biggest challenges

UN #SDG News - 7. Februar 2019 - 22:34
Many of the world’s biggest problems may be going unsolved because too many women and girls are being discouraged from the sciences.
Kategorien: english

WEF 2019, Digitalization, Inequality, and Inclusive Growth

UNSDN - 7. Februar 2019 - 19:34

The annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) took place from 22-25 January 2019 in Davos, Switzerland. Here are focuses on papers and articles on issues of inequality and inclusive growth that took the spotlight at Davos.

Delivering a ‘State of the World’ address at Davos, UN Secretary-General António Guterres lamented that despite global problems becoming more integrated and complex, responses are increasingly “fragmented” and “dysfunctional.” However, amidst prospects of a global economic slowdown and populist sentiments in several countries where protectionist policies are on the rise and causing trade disputes, Guterres remained optimistic.

Hikmet Ersek, President and CEO of Western Union, offers a similarly optimistic take in a post on the WEF blog. He describes the one-on-one connectivity and online platforms enabled by digitization. However, Ersek cautions that connectivity needs to be more inclusive, flagging digital financial inclusion and technological gaps and access as issues that must be addressed through collaborative efforts.

Citing the WESP 2019 report, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Liu Zhenmin emphasizes in an op-ed on IPS News that ending poverty is indeed possible, but that doing so “means facing up to inequality, within and between countries.” Within countries, he underscores that social exclusion, fragmentation and weak institutions are associated with high levels of inequality, whereas between countries, most laggard economies are dependent on imported commodities. To reduce these gaps and tap into countries’ development potential, he notes the importance of both economic diversification and effective management of natural resources.

An Oxfam report on inequality shows that the world’s 26 richest individuals own as much wealth as the bottom 50% of the global population. Titled, ‘Public Good or Private Wealth?’, the report calls for the transformation of economies to deliver universal health, education and other public services, arguing that such a transformation could be enabled by the richest people and corporations paying “their fair share of tax.” Beyond tackling inequality, a post on Oxfam’s Politics of Poverty blog notes that other business trends to watch in 2019 include elevating the political responsibility of businesses, shifting attention towards emerging markets and transforming today’s economic models.

Frans van Houten, CEO of Royal Philips, notes in a post on the WEF blog that social inclusivity is a prerequisite for sustainable and inclusive growth, highlighting that “economic growth and good health go hand in hand.” 

Finally, an op-ed on IPS News by Daniel Mittler, Greenpeace International, describes linkages between Davos, inequality and climate change, and an earlier blog post by Homi Kharas, Brookings Institution, also considers recent trends on growth and inequality. The topics covered in Davos and discussed in this brief are all elements of the overarching theme of the 2019 WEF meeting, ‘Globalization 4.0,’ which is rooted in a context of transformation – of values, of technologies, and of how individuals, businesses and governments engage with the physical and digital world as well as each other.

Source: IISD

The post WEF 2019, Digitalization, Inequality, and Inclusive Growth appeared first on UNSDN - United Nations Social Development Network.

Kategorien: english

Measles in Europe: infection rates highest in a decade, says UN health agency

UN #SDG News - 7. Februar 2019 - 18:32
Although more children than ever before are being vaccinated against measles across Europe, overall infection rates are the highest in a decade, and a three-fold increase on last year, according to new data published on Thursday by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Kategorien: english

The Co-Founder of Global Citizen Describes the Future of Advocacy in International Affairs

UN Dispatch - 7. Februar 2019 - 15:33

About a decade ago, Simon Moss co-founded Global Citizen with a few friends in Australia. It has since grown into a behemoth of global advocacy on issues related to ending extreme poverty around the world.

I’ve known Simon for years and have watched Global Citizen evolve over the years. So, I thought it might be useful and interesting to learn from him how an advocacy group like Global Citizen is adapting to broader geopolitical shifts. How does a group focused on ended extreme poverty respond to China’s increasing influence in the global development space? How does it adapt to the withdrawal of the United States from its traditional role as a champion of global health and anti-poverty programs? I put these questions and more to Simon Moss in this enlightening and lively conversation about the future of global advocacy on issues related to sustainable development and fighting extreme poverty.

We kick off discussing the origin story of Global Citizen before having a longer conversation about new trends in global advocacy work.

Global Citizen is probably best known for its annual music festival in Central Park in New York that takes place during UN week, bringing together music stars, NGO leaders and government officials on stage in an effort to catalyze action on key global issues like polio eradication or girls education. Simon Moss explains the pros and cons of using a major event like a rock concert to leverage concrete policy outcomes.

If you have 25 minutes and want to learn where international advocacy is headed in the Trump era, have a listen.

Get Global Dispatches Podcast ​iTunes  |  Spotify  |   Stitcher  | Google Play Music​

About Simon Moss

Simon Moss is a Co-Founder of Global Citizen, and is currently the Managing Director of Campaigns. He’s another Australian living in New York, has been campaigning on global issues for more than a decade, and writes and speaks regularly on the role of global citizens in ending extreme poverty.

The post The Co-Founder of Global Citizen Describes the Future of Advocacy in International Affairs appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Briefing-Paper: Entkräftung von Argumenten gegen einen UN-Treaty zu Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte

Global Policy Forum - 7. Februar 2019 - 15:09

Am 26. Juni 2014 hat der Menschenrechtsrat der Vereinten Nationen (UN) die Einsetzung einer Arbeitsgruppe beschlossen, die ein rechtsverbindliches Instrument erarbeiten soll, um die Aktivitäten von transnationalen Unternehmen und anderen Unternehmen im Hinblick auf die Einhaltung von Menschenrechtsstandards zu regulieren („Treaty-Prozess“). Seither haben vier Tagungen der Arbeitsgruppe stattgefunden. Im Juli 2018 wurde von dem ecuadorianischen Vorsitz ein erster Abkommensentwurf (Zero Draft) vorgelegt, der bei der vierten Tagung der UN-Arbeitsgruppe im Oktober 2018 diskutiert wurde. Bis Ende Februar 2019 kann dieser Entwurf von den Staaten kommentiert werden. Ein neues Briefing-Papier der Treaty Alliance Deutschland diskutiert in politischen Diskussionen vorgebrachte Gegenargumente zum gesamten Prozess oder zu Inhalten des Zero Draft und formuliert Lösungsvorschläge.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Rural Youth Leader Lydiah Wafula on Participatory Processes

SNRD Africa - 7. Februar 2019 - 14:43
Pre-recorded webinar input
Kategorien: english

Youth in Agribusiness Conference, Western Region Kenya

SNRD Africa - 7. Februar 2019 - 14:32
Webinar input provided upfront
Kategorien: english

The Globotics Upheaval: Globalisation, Robotics, and the Future of Work By Richard Baldwin

Simon Maxwell - 7. Februar 2019 - 13:58

The Globotics Upheaval: Globalisation, Robotics, and the Future of Work

By Richard Baldwin



Globalisation guru Richard Baldwin’s earlier book on the Great Convergence was especially good on how global value chains offer new opportunities in manufacturing for developing countries. This is because IT enables companies to share expertise and management across large distances, so that they can benefit simultaneously from the high skills in rich countries and the low wages in poor ones. Thus, competition between Honda, say, and BMW, is not between Japan and Germany, but a global tussle between the Honda-led Global Value Chain and the BMW-led Global Value Chain.

Baldwin’s new book on The Globotics Upheaval: Globalisation, Robotics, and the Future of Work, deals with the world of services, and is mainly focused on developed countries. Its messages for developing countries are more ambivalent than in the previous book: on the one hand, new openings in the field of ‘telemigration’, delivering services remotely; on the other, a general threat to employment associated with robotisation and re-shoring.

In one sentence, the argument of the book is that a tsunami of job losses is coming in developed country services, triggered by explosive growth in Remote Intelligence (RI) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). Telemigration is a new phase of globalisation: ‘an international talent tidal wave coming for the good, stable jobs that have been the foundation of middle-class prosperity in the US and Europe’. In addition, the same jobs are facing new competition from ‘remote intelligence’: white-collar robots offer zero-wage competition from thinking computers – specifically to white collar, service sector and professional jobs. ‘RI and AI’, Baldwin says, ‘are coming for the same jobs, at the same time, and driven by the same digital technologies’. The size of the challenge is because globalisation and automation are happening at the same time: ‘globalisation and robotics are now Siamese twins, - driven by the same technology and at the same pace’. This is ‘globotics’ – the combination of Remote intelligence (RI) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) – advancing at ‘explosive pace’: estimates of job displacement range from big (10%) to enormous (60%).

The key drivers of explosive change and ‘holy cow’ moments are: (a) Moore’s Law (processing speed doubles every 18 months); (b) Gilder’s Law (data transmission rates grow three times faster than computer power (which turned out to be an overestimate)); (c) Metcalf’s Law (being connected to a network grows more valuable as the network grows); and (d) Varian’s Law (disruption happens when different elements combine together – digital products made of free components are often insanely valuable). A ‘holy cow’ moment is when you suddenly realise, for example, how much your smart phone can do, compared to five years ago, and how indispensable it has become.

Telemigration is one outcome of new technology: highly competitive, and giving access to a huge pool of talent. It is facilitated by new online platforms, like Slack, Yammer, GitHub and Box. So far, most telemigrants are English-speaking (India, Philippines), but machine translation has improved enormously and is leading to a ‘talent tsunami’. The quality of interactions is transformed by augmented reality and new techniques, like projecting holograms, using telepresence robots, and new collaborative software (replacing email). This leads to the ‘dissolving office’ and creation of a new ‘liquid workforce’.

The development of white collar robots is the other transformation: Robotic Process Automation (RPA), operating for both routine tasks and at high level, for example in legal offices. These new machines eliminate tasks and jobs, not occupations, because robots can’t (yet!) handle all human skills (e.g. natural language understanding, creativity, social and emotional reasoning, social and emotional sensing). Still, there is significant concern for:  office jobs; sales in retail; construction; security guards; food preparation; transport; healthcare; pharmacies; journalism; legal; finance. Robots like Amelia, Erica, Nadia and Nia are increasingly managing the interface between clients and organisations, including in public service delivery.

New jobs will of course be created: working with white collar robots on difficult cases; new industries which exploit free services; re-shoring of back office jobs. Nevertheless, it is not obvious that new jobs will be created fast enough to replace all these.

More important, change itself is highly disruptive. The evidence of history shows that change has four steps: transformation, upheaval, backlash and resolution. These phases can be tracked in the industrial revolution of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the services transformation, which kicked off at the end of the twentieth century, with a shift ‘from things to thoughts’.  Baldwin reviews each of these at length.

This time round, change does not come at identifiable moments, like with a plant closure. It infiltrates, like incremental upgrades to the iPhone, until something really radical has happened. So, we should look not for the ‘Jonesville moment’ but the ‘iphone infiltration’.

Either way, many think job displacement is coming too fast for the economy to absorb and if left unchecked will cause economic, social and political upheaval. In fact, job displacement is by design:  ’job destruction is the business model’. ‘The sad reality is that it is a lot easier and faster to make money by eliminating jobs than it is to make money by creating jobs’.

Those affected will regard the extent and speed of change as deeply unfair, leading to outrage. Globots will undermine the implicit social solidarity, leading to anomie, building cumulative disadvantage between those who are not affected and those who are. The backlash will unite disparate groups and interests, in particular attacking large data companies. There will be (is) a populist surge, calling for ‘shelterism’, e.g. regulations to stop displacement, limits on free movement of labour (in Europe, the Posted Workers Directive), or labour market regulation to e.g. make it harder to sack people. In this connection, there are 38 references to  President Trump, and 14 to Brexit.

In the best outcome, managed well, the globotics resolution will mean a more human, more local future, where humanity has an edge. Some activities will naturally be sheltered from the globotics revolution: where humanity has an edge in soft skills, and where physical proximity is required, so that telemigration is not an option: managing people looks safe, as do care-giving, social services, scientific research, most education, most professions, the arts.

In preparing for the new world, ‘get more skills’ is too blunt. Instead, there are three rules: first, seek jobs that do not compete directly with white collar robots; second, build soft skills that allow you to avoid direct competition with RI and AI; third, realise that humanity is an edge not a handicap.

Baldwin argues that it will be important to protect workers not jobs. He admires policies which support workers through long periods of unemployment and also provide constant retraining. Right at the end of the book, however, he also flirts with shelterism:

‘Things are moving much faster this time. My guess is that it will all work out well in the long run, but only if we make sure globotics advances at a human pace, and the disruption can be seen by many as a decent development. This is why it is critical to realize that the pace of progress is not set by some abstract law of nature. We can control the speed of disruption; we have the tools. It’s our choice’.

*     *     *

It will not be surprising to learn that I enjoyed this book. It engages with two of the three heads of Cerberus, globalisation and automation. The writing is lively. Who knew, for example, that a year’s worth of internet traffic would amount to 1.2 zettabytes, and, if stored on DVD, would require a pile 80 times as high as the distance from the earth to the sun. And that was in 2016. The core argument seems sound, that work is already being transformed by new technology, and will be further: Baldwin is appropriately cautious about the precise timing and impact, but certain that change will come. He is also surely right to say that there can be no certainty that new jobs will be created at the right speed and in the right places to replace lost tasks or jobs. And in arguing that disruption will cause, is causing, political upheaval, ‘putting the ‘rage’ into ‘outrage’’, and creating unexpected alliances of activists. The historical analysis is a useful reminder that we have been here before, albeit perhaps at slower speed. When I lecture on Cerberus, I usually end with E.P. Thompson’s The Making of the English Working Class, which is about how worker rights and welfare became central during the first of Baldwin’s great transformations.

There are gaps. It is a pity that there is not more on the third head of Cerberus, climate change. There is more to new technology than ICT: medical advances, materials science, agricultural research, many others, may also be disruptive. It would have been good to explore more who will be making all the new robots. And it really would have been good to think through more the implications for different kinds of developing country.

The biggest beef, however, is that the policy cupboard is almost bare. Surely, Baldwin can do better than a few platitudes about training people in soft skills, better than an unresolved flirtation with ‘shelterism’ and the need to slow the pace of change. Many others are grappling with the problems he identifies, including not just the problem of professions, but also the problems of place. For the UK, the recent report of the IPPR Commission on Economic Justice is a good example, with 67 recommendations in 10 different policy areas, ranging from a new definition of the ‘good economy’ to an active industrial policy and a new approach to taxation. On the specific topic of the book, the report of ‘Pathways for Prosperity: Commission on Technology and Inclusive Development’ identifies five different pathways for developing countries, including in agriculture (and is incidentally critical of job loss figures). The World Development Report for 2019 was on the Changing Nature of Work, emphasising the need for countries to be ready for digital. Shanta Devarajan, involved in both reports, stresses the shared optimism of their conclusions.

Kategorien: english

Rekindling the war on drugs

D+C - 7. Februar 2019 - 12:08
Why destroying Colombian coca fields with pesticides may backfire terribly

The background is that the drugs crisis in the USA has been worsening. The New York Times reports that 70,000 people died of drug overdose in the USA last year. By comparison, the Vietnam War cost the USA about 58,000 lives. According to the Natio­nal Institute on Drug Abuse, a government agency, 17 % of the inhabitants of the USA over 26 years of age report that they have used cocaine in their lifetime. Moreover, the cocaine-related overdose death rate has increased by 3.5 times from 2010 and 2017.

When President Duque ran for office, he argued that the increase of coca crops was a consequence of the permissiveness of the previous government. Juan Manuel Santos, his predecessor, had stopped the spraying of illegal crops with pesticides. The chemicals were found to cause cancer. His decision, moreover, was an important signal in his government’s peace negotiations with the FARC-EP militia.

Repressive action against coca farmers has contributed to escalating Colombia’s long civil war in the past. Indeed, the drugs trade is intricately linked to the conflict. Illicit crops are grown and narcotics are produced where various armed groups have established themselves. They could do so because the state has proven unable not only to delivering development, but even to assert its role as a legitimate force.

Therefore, the issues of illicit crops, drug trafficking and rural development were high on the agenda of the peace talks. Agreements were made to develop the areas where coca is grown. Relevant measures included coca crop substitution, the formalisation of land ownership and infrastructure programmes. The idea was to bring the state closer to marginalised citizens. The Santos government launched voluntary coca-crop substitution programmes, many of which have run into difficulties however. As scholars from the Fundación Ideas Para La Paz (Ideas for Peace Foundation), a civil-society outfit, have pointed out, reasons include the change of government and bureaucratic hurdles which are compounded by the clientelistic nature of the state.

Unintended side effects

Experience shows that attempts to eradicate illicit crops by repressive action do not work. The idea behind chemical spraying or manual destruction of fields is basic: if coca harvests are reduced, cocaine producers will not be able to process the raw materials they need. That in turn, will make cocaine more expensive, which, in theory, should depress demand and, in a virtuous cycle, further reduce cultivation.

That reasoning is flawed. It ignores several important aspects:

  • Production does not drive demand. It is the other way round. As drug consumption keeps increasing in the USA, which is the world’s most important cocaine market, prices go up. Coca cultivation and cocaine production rises accordingly.
  • Drug producers have demonstrated their ability to improve their productivity, making more cocaine with fewer coca leaves. At the same time, Colombia is a huge country, and there is a lot of land in remote areas where coca can be cultivated.
  • Restricting supply does not lead to price increases that might make cocaine unaffordable. Users – and especially addicts – are willing to pay any price.
  • The untended side effect of driving up cocaine prices are higher profit margins in the illicit drugs trade. Criminals are thus empowered to fund armed groups and to provide more incentives to coca farmers.

Colombia has a long history of trying to eradicate the cultivation of illicit crops (coca, marihuana and opium poppies). Since the 1970s, these efforts have not been successful. Tens of billions of dollars have been spent on spraying chemicals, but some crops always survived. Unfortunately, the belief that eradication will eventually work, has not died either.

There are two main drivers of the illicit drugs economy in Colombia: the growing demand in the USA and deeply entrenched poverty in Colombia, especially in remote areas. Unless these issues are addressed, any repressive policy is doomed to fail.

In 2015, Colombia’s national census of rural husbandry (Censo Nacional Agropecuario) showed that 20 % of children aged between 5 and 16 years in rural areas did not go to school. More than 70 % of the age group 17 to 24 lacked access to any kind of formal education. The lower estimate for the poverty rate in rural areas was around 44 %. Such data reflect the social conditions of the places where coca is grown. The communities concerned simply lack alternative sources of income. They lack opportunities and are exploited by the illicit drugs industry.

Over the decades, repression has only alienated poor peasants from the Colombian state. It did not reduce the illicit drug trade’s revenue, but actually helped it to entrench its business model and financed armed groups. To the grassroots communities concerned, state agencies became the enemy. Armed groups became defenders, and the state became an aggressor.

If the Duque and Trump administrations were serious about getting tough on the production of drugs and the coca crops, they would not start spraying pesticides again. That strategy has been tried, and it does not work. A more promising approach would be to increase the state’s positive presence in the relevant areas, challenging the local supremacy of armed militias there. Apart from providing security, the state should build infrastructure and ensure that people get the public services they need – from electric power to health care and education. So far, the state is basically absent however, and since it has never done anything for poor farmers, it is then predictable that farmers side with whoever has a presence in their territories.

Issues of health and finance

If demand decreased in the USA, that would obviously weaken the drugs trade. However, repressive policies in the USA have failed to achieve that. For decades, the authorities considered drugs a crime issue, but harsh law enforcement and mass incarceration have not reduce demand. The USA would be well advised to treat drugs abuse and addiction as health problems (see interview with Steve Rolles in focus section of D+C/E+Z e-Paper 2018/12). Doing so and addressing the cultural norms that relate to drugs consumption might make a difference.

At the same time, it would be important to focus on the finances. Restricting the flow of drug revenues to Colombia is critical. Huge sums are involved. It is unlikely, that this money entirely bypasses financial institutions. It is irritating that policymakers who claim to be tough on drugs hardly ever discuss issues that relate either to health or the financial sector.

Renewed pesticide spraying will lead to the disaster of armed violence escalating via the financial incentives for armed groups and traffickers. That will cause massive suffering. The deep irony is that the leaders who claim to bring order and fight drugs, in fact actually perpetuate both addiction and violent crime. Duque is popular among opponents of the peace process, and Trump, in spite of his many legal problems, thrives on law-and-order rhetoric. In a perverse way, leaders of this kind can become stronger not by solving problems, but by making them worse. Ultimately, their relationship with organised crime is symbiotic – whether they know it or not.

Fabio Andrés Díaz Pabón is a research associate at Rhodes University in South Africa and a researcher at the International Institute of Social Studies in The Hague. His book “Truth, Justice and Reconciliation in Colombia” was published by Routledge in 2018.

Kategorien: english

Rethinking the Economy from Ground Up

EADI Debating Development Research - 7. Februar 2019 - 10:56
By Nicky Pouw  In the global policy and research debates on inclusive growth and inclusive development  increasing emphasis is put on the need to rethink the economy. The expiration date of the neoliberal growth model seems nearly over. False assumptions have lead to false policy prescriptions, with detrimental impacts on society and nature. Instead of …
Kategorien: english, Ticker

End the US Stranglehold on the World Bank

ODI - 7. Februar 2019 - 0:00
It’s time to end the US stranglehold on the World Bank's top job and ensure a truly transparent and merit-based selection process.
Kategorien: english

Guterres underlines climate action urgency, as UN weather agency confirms record global warming

UN #SDG News - 6. Februar 2019 - 22:20
In the wake of data released by the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO), showing the past four years were officially the ‘four warmest on record,’ UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for urgent climate action and increased ambition, ahead of his climate summit in September.  
Kategorien: english

Food choices today, impact health of both ‘people and planet’ tomorrow

UN #SDG News - 6. Februar 2019 - 22:19
The food we eat has huge potential to improve both human health and environmental sustainability, but too often today it is posing a threat to both people and planet, according to a new report by the EAT-Lancet Commission, launched on Tuesday at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Kategorien: english

Interim findings: Civil society against corruption in Ukraine

INCLUDE Platform - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:29

This download presents interim findings of the research group ‘Civil society against corruption in Ukraine‘ on political rules, advocacy strategies and impact within the ‘New roles of CSOs for Inclusive Development‘ research programme.

The post Interim findings: Civil society against corruption in Ukraine appeared first on INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Interim findings: Enabling rules for advocacy in Kenya

INCLUDE Platform - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:26

This download presents interim findings of the research group ‘Enabling rules for advocacy in Kenya‘ on catalysing development: towards enabling rules for advocacy in Kenya within the ‘New roles of CSOs for Inclusive Development‘ research programme.

The post Interim findings: Enabling rules for advocacy in Kenya appeared first on INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Interim findings: CBOs within the official development aid system in Kenya

INCLUDE Platform - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:20

This download presents interim findings of the research group ‘CBOs within the official development aid system in Kenya on ‘towards inclusive partnerships: the political role of community based organizations and the official development aid system’ within the ‘New roles of CSOs for Inclusive Development‘ research programme.

The post Interim findings: CBOs within the official development aid system in Kenya appeared first on INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Nearly two-thirds of children lack access to welfare safety net, risking ‘vicious cycle of poverty’

UN ECOSOC - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:12
More than six in 10 children globally lack access to social protection, leaving them particularly vulnerable to falling into chronic poverty, the UN said on Wednesday, warning also that some governments are cutting State cash entitlements, amid continuing economic uncertainty.
Kategorien: english

Nearly two-thirds of children lack access to welfare safety net, risking ‘vicious cycle of poverty’

UN #SDG News - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:12
More than six in 10 children globally lack access to social protection, leaving them particularly vulnerable to falling into chronic poverty, the UN said on Wednesday, warning also that some governments are cutting State cash entitlements, amid continuing economic uncertainty.
Kategorien: english

Interim findings: Civil society engagement with land rights advocacy in Kenya

INCLUDE Platform - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:11

This download presents interim findings of the research group ‘Civil society engagement with land rights advocacy in Kenya: what roles to play?’, exploring the various roles CSOs undertake when advocating for fair and inclusive land deals in Kenya within the ‘New roles of CSOs for Inclusive Development‘ research programme.

The post Interim findings: Civil society engagement with land rights advocacy in Kenya appeared first on INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Interim findings: Civil society advocacy collaborations in India

INCLUDE Platform - 6. Februar 2019 - 16:06

This download presents interim findings of the research group ‘Civil society advocacy collaborations in India‘, aiming for CSO collaborations and their contributions to their capacities and legitimacy to advance inclusive sustainable development and equality in the Indian context within the ‘New roles of CSOs for Inclusive Development‘ research programme.

The post Interim findings: Civil society advocacy collaborations in India appeared first on INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english


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