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Studie zu nachhaltig hergestellten Textilien

DIE Blog - 26. September 2019 - 14:17

Cover der Studie © DIE

Am 9. September gab das BMZ den Startschuss für das Siegel „Der Grüne Knopf“ für nachhaltig hergestellt Textilien. Das Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik erstellte dazu die Studie „Soziale und ökologische Herausforderungen der globalen Textilwirtschaft“, die Bundesminister Gerd Müller im Rahmen einer Pressekonferenz vorstellte. Bekleidung für den rasch wachsenden Weltmarkt wird fast ausschließlich in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern gefertigt, wo die Produktion erhebliche soziale und ökologische Probleme verursacht. Die Studie identifiziert drei Hauptproblemfelder in der Textil-Wertschöpfungskette: Arbeitsbedingungen in der Konfektion; Umweltprobleme in den vorgeschalteten Nassprozessen; und soziale und ökologischen Probleme in der Baumwollerzeugung. Die Studie dokumentiert insbesondere die beiden erstgenannten im Detail.
Darüber hinaus wird die deutsche Zusammenarbeit in diesem Bereich dargestellt, wobei vier Handlungsfelder unterschieden werden: (1) den Konsum nachhaltiger gestalten; (2) unternehmerische Sorgfaltspflicht einfordern; (3) die lokale Wertschöpfung in der Produktion steigern; und (4) Institutionen vor Ort stärken. Für jeden dieser Handlungsfelder werden Bereiche identifiziert, in denen künftig noch mehr getan werden sollte.

Der Beitrag Studie zu nachhaltig hergestellten Textilien erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Charlotte Fiedler receives German Thesis Award

DIE Blog - 26. September 2019 - 14:16

Charlotte Fiedler ©DIE

Charlotte Fiedler, researcher in the programme Transformation of Political (Dis-) Order, has been awarded second place at the Deutsche Studienpreis (German Thesis Award) of the Körber-Foundation. Every year, the award recognizes outstanding junior researchers of all disciplines. The prizes are awarded for excellent dissertations with particularly high policy relevance. Charlotte Fiedler received the prize in the social sciences section for her competition entry „Why political participation in post-conflict societies can make an important contribution to peace“.

The dissertation takes a new look at the question of how peace can be strengthened in post-conflict countries by systematically examining the relationship between political participation and the recurrence of conflict. Based on statistical analyses, Charlotte Fiedler demonstrates that two understudied political factors can significantly increase countries’ chances to remain peaceful: post-conflict constitution-writing processes and local elections. The dissertation thereby contributes to the academic discourse on which formal institutions are important for peace. At the same time, it provides concrete insights on how peace can be strengthened, and is thus relevant for post-conflict governments seeking to create sustainable peace as well as for peacebuilding efforts by the international donor community.

Charlotte Fiedler pursued her doctorate at DIE within the BMZ-funded project „Supporting Sustainable Peace“ and was supervised by Kristian Gleditsch at the University of Essex. A central paper of the dissertation is summarized by Charlotte Fiedler in her recently published Briefing Paper.

Der Beitrag Charlotte Fiedler receives German Thesis Award erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Charlotte Fiedler erhält Deutschen Studienpreis

DIE Blog - 26. September 2019 - 14:13

Charlotte Fiedler ©DIE

Charlotte Fiedler, wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin im Programm Transformation politischer (Un-)Ordnung hat den zweiten Platz beim Deutschen Studienpreis der Körber-Stiftung erhalten. Der Deutsche Studienpreis zeichnet jährlich herausragende Nachwuchswissenschaftlerinnen und Nachwuchswissenschaftler aller Fachrichtungen aus. Die Preise werden für exzellente Dissertationen von besonderer gesellschaftlicher Bedeutung vergeben. Sie erhielt den Preis in der Sektion Sozialwissenschaften für ihren Wettbewerbsbeitrag „Warum politische Partizipation in Post-Konflikt-Gesellschaften einen wichtigen Beitrag zu Frieden leisten kann“.

Die Dissertation von Charlotte Fiedler wirft einen neuen Blick auf die Frage, wie Frieden in Post-Konflikt-Ländern gestärkt werden kann, in dem sie den Zusammenhang zwischen politischer Partizipation und dem Wiederausbruch von Konflikt systematisch untersucht. Basierend auf statistischen Analysen wird dabei deutlich, dass zwei bisher weniger beachtete politische Faktoren – nämlich verfassungsgebende Prozesse und lokale Wahlen – einen wichtigen Beitrag zu Frieden leisten können. Die Dissertation liefert somit wichtige Erkenntnisse für den wissenschaftlichen Diskurs dazu welche Institutionen für Frieden wichtig sind. Gleichzeitig zeigt sie ganz konkrete Anknüpfungspunkte auf, wie Frieden nachhaltig gestärkt werden kann und ist somit für Regierungen von Post-Konflikt-Ländern relevant, die bemüht sind nachhaltigen Frieden zu schaffen, sowie für die internationale Gebergemeinschaft, die durch Friedensförderung versucht Regierungen darin zu unterstützen.

Charlotte Fiedler promovierte am DIE innerhalb des BMZ-geförderten Projektes „Frieden nachhaltig fördern“ und wurde an der Universität Essex von Kristian Gleditsch betreut. Ein zentrales Papier ihrer Dissertation fasst Charlotte Fiedler auch in ihrem kürzlich erschienenen Briefing Paper zusammen.

Der Beitrag Charlotte Fiedler erhält Deutschen Studienpreis erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

The 55th year of the postgraduate programme

DIE Blog - 26. September 2019 - 14:08

Course Participants ©DIE

Since 2 September we, the 55th year of the postgraduate programme, started at the DIE and we would like to thank all the employees for their friendly welcome. During the next nine months we hope to learn a lot about development in terms of the SDGs and to get an insight into research practice during our projects in Ethiopia, Botswana and Namibia, as well as Jordan. Of course, there should not be a shortage of fun which is why we took a day trip to the Ahrtal together with our programme coordinator Regine Mehl and the coordinators of our research teams.

Rita Klüwer received us at the Römervilla where she gave us an informative and authentic tour through the ruins and the surrounding vineyards.Among other things, we learned that the local winegrowers successfully refuse to grow white wine and that 80 percent of the wine grown in the region is Spätburgunder. Subsequently, we got a chance to taste some of the latter and, during a hike and a lunch, we had the opportunity to get to know each other better and to exchange some ideas concerning the following nine months at the institute.

Moreover, the day served to make plans for the upcoming time and to talk to the team and course coordinators in an informal atmosphere outside the institute. We are all looking forward to getting to know as many of the employees as possible and to engage in conversations at one of the future events, gladly over a glass of Spätburgunder.

Der Beitrag The 55th year of the postgraduate programme erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

The Social Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples in Ecuador Before and During the Revolución Ciudadana

DEVELOPMENT - 26. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

This article investigates the evolution of social inclusion among indigenous peoples in Ecuador. It highlights how some policies have deepened social problems like poverty and inequality and reviews the literature on social inclusion to define the reference framework of the investigation, also considering some qualitative aspects, like cultural and linguistic barriers that are crucial for the effectiveness of the policies and essential to understand the indigenous social system. The article compares the actual indigenous condition with the period prior to the Revolución Ciudadana to highlight if notable changes occurred in the quality of life of the Ecuadorian indigenous peoples.

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Sequestration (BECCS): The Distracting Injustice of an Infeasible and Unlikely Technofix

DEVELOPMENT - 26. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

In their constant attempt to avoid responsibility, polluters promote technological innovation as the ‘true’ solution to global warming. This article, through the case of BECCS, illustrates all that is faulty with such reasoning, and how indulging such diversion from addressing the environmental crisis with science-backed solutions violates human rights and the SDGs, and evidently, deepens the crisis and postpones the responsibility of making inconvenient changes to future generations.

Indien und Deutschland: Gemeinsame Werte, unterschiedliche Perspektiven?

GIGA Event - 25. September 2019 - 15:13
India Week Hamburg 2019 Hamburg Podiumsdiskussion Referent*innen Jana Schiedek (Behörde für Kultur und Medien, Hamburg), Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar (GIGA), Niels Annen (Auswärtiges Amt) Moderation

Andreas Cichowicz (NDR)

Adresse

Rathaus
Bürgermeistersaal
Rathausmarkt 1 | Hamburg

Forschungsschwerpunkte Macht und Ideen Regionen GIGA Institut für Asien-Studien Anmeldung erforderlich

South-South Cooperation after BAPA+40 – Delhi V and SSC Impact Assessments

DIE Blog - 25. September 2019 - 14:00

Since the world celebrated the 40th anniversary of Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA) for promoting South-South Cooperation (SSC), several meetings are being organised to understand and absorb the declaration for future course of action. It assumes further importance as the global community addressed here the partnership roadmap for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the modalities of SSC and triangular cooperation. India has been at the forefront of furthering the cause of SSC and is one of the major players at the world stage.

Delhi Process

Launched in 2013, the Delhi Process has emerged as a vibrant platform to explore nuances of South-South Cooperation (SSC) and its interlinkages with global development finance flows. The recently held fifth conference under the Delhi Process addressed this issue in a wider context. In continuation of this legacy, the fifth edition of the Delhi Conference on SSC and Triangular Cooperation (TrC) took place between 22nd to 24th August 2019. Initiated by the Indian think tank Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS) and the ECOSOC, the process is now led by the Network of Southern Think-tanks (NeST) and the UN Office on South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) with support from the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. Delhi V was the first major gathering of diverse SSC and TrC stakeholders from across the globe after the 40th anniversary of Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA+40).

Delhi V was by far the largest assembly of subject experts in the history of Delhi Process with participation of more than 150 panelists from 53 countries of the South and North, 17 international agencies and around 10 official agencies for cooperation from the Southern governments. There were several participants from private sector and civil society. Deliberation were spread across six plenary sessions including three parallel sessions and three inter-connected fora. In the backdrop was an interesting exhibition demonstrating several successful SSC and TrC projects.

Discussions around Impact Assessment

The conference reflected on the strengths of SSC. With the two other leading democracies – Brazil and South Africa – India issued a major statement from the platform of IBSA on features of SSC. The IBSA Declaration on SSC was taken up across sessions. One of the main attributes that differentiates SSC with traditional cooperation is SSC’s diversity and celebration of its plurality. This aspect of diversity and inclusivity was evident in Delhi V: On one level the participants were policy makers, academics, civil society members, private sector representatives, media persons and students and on another level the participants belonged to different countries of North and South. Further, the presence of international organisations, inter-governmental organisations and aid agencies from North and South made Delhi V a generous affair.

One of the most important outcome of Delhi V was a detailed discussion on impact assessment methodology for SSC projects. Over the years, SSC has increased in quantum, sector-specificity and geographical spread. The expansion has come with new challenges. Key principles are a demand driven approach, non-interference in the internal matters of partner countries, ownership, and macro-economic and political non-conditionality, each subject to debates among SSC actors. Furthermore, the Southern countries have also been debating between the issues of Impact Assessment of their projects in partner countries. Building upon previous Delhi Processes, a broad consensus was achieved regarding the need for impact assessment for SSC. Subsequent editions of the Delhi Process will aim at further developing SSC impact assessment.

Innovations in the Delhi V Format

This year the Delhi Process explored a new approach of cluster events, where after the theoretical and policy discussions, there were three important connected meetings.

One of them was Young Scholars’ Forum, where the effort was to overcome a major limitation of Southern partnerships. SSC, in spite of its long history, has been scantily researched. Further, engagement of scholars from the South in developing a strong narrative that identifies SSC as a distinct effort in development cooperation has been largely insignificant. But, now with growing interest in SSC and expansionary (scale, sector and geography) nature of SSC has rekindled the focus of researchers towards SSC. RIS has over the years been conducting capacity-building programmes for future change-makers from Southern countries in the areas of SSC, SDGs, Economic Cooperation and Trade, and Science Diplomacy. Regular interactions with universities within India and summer schools on issues of trade and development has also been in focus of RIS towards its internal audiences.

Second new addition was to connect research at think tanks with universities. The intention of facilitating in-depth research and greater synergy across the academic disciplines and their interface with public policy formulation process; and advancing the ideas of SSC to universities across India and in other developing countries. It is a step towards decolonising the academic space with proper realisation and contextualisation of indigenous ideas for domestic growth and development. It was heartening to observe that this idea found constituency among the participants of other Southern countries as well, indicating that this initiative has a pan-South appeal.

Third was a dedicated half a day work shop on impact assessment methodology, as evolved in one of the main sessions of Delhi V. This could facilitate much more deeper and relaxed discussion, outside the structured conference with usual limitations of time, etc. The task now would be to bring in more case studies this year for testing the methodology.

Way Forward

Delhi V concluded with the aspiration that future deliberations on various dimensions of SSC will build upon the outcomes achieved during this conference. Major tasks with regards to Impact Assessment of SSC will have to be undertaken with the understanding that the purpose of SSC is not to make international comparison in a competitive spirit but to enhance mutual learning and experience sharing. The idea is not to compare financial and budgetary allocation, number of countries, number of projects and initiatives and other statistics associated with outcome and impact. Local relevance and collective gain are some of the features that SSC should be associating with if at all going in the direction of the impact assessment framework. It was also discussed that further research needs to be undertaken towards new issues related to technology, artificial intelligence and industrial revolution 4.0 which are posing new challenges for Southern countries. As a unanimous understanding, it was realised that transfer and localisation of knowledge is important for effective implementation of SSC along with preservation and assertion of popularity within the South.

Der Beitrag South-South Cooperation after BAPA+40 – Delhi V and SSC Impact Assessments erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Indien und Deutschland: Gemeinsame Werte, unterschiedliche Perspektiven?

GIGA Event - 24. September 2019 - 15:11
India Week Hamburg 2019 Hamburg Podiumsdiskussion Referent*innen Jana Schiedek (Behörde für Kultur und Medien, Hamburg), Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar (GIGA), Niels Annen (Auswärtiges Amt) Moderation

Andreas Cichowicz (NDR)

Adresse

Rathaus
Bürgermeistersaal
Rathausmarkt 1 | Hamburg

Forschungsschwerpunkte Macht und Ideen Regionen GIGA Institut für Asien-Studien Anmeldung erforderlich

Labour, Justice and the Mechanization of Interpretation

DEVELOPMENT - 24. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The biggest frontier of mechanization of the past 10 years has been the automation, broadly speaking, of interpretation. This includes recognition (for example, image recognition technologies used by security services), translation (Google Translate), searching for information (search engines), understanding (‘predictive algorithms’ that learn what books or movies you will like or what kind of propaganda will appeal to you, as used by Amazon, Netflix, or the Donald Trump campaign), trust (blockchain technologies such as Bitcoin), and negotiation (‘smart contracts’ as pioneered by firms such as Ethereum). This article explores how these technologies benefit business and why they have come to prominence now, the ways they degrade and exhaust the work of both humans and nonhumans, the parallels with earlier uses of machines to discipline and extract value from labour, and the implications for social movement strategy. The article also suggests some directions for research.

Climate Finance: Perspectives on Climate Finance from the Bottom Up

DEVELOPMENT - 23. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

Tens of billions of US dollars are programmed from developed to developing countries to assist them in dealing with the impacts of climate change or to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This is the world of climate finance, a stream of money which includes public funding set to swell to $100 billion yearly by 2020. These sums conceal agenda-setting stories on how different countries are coping with climate change. Drawing on data analysis and interviews with beneficiaries of climate finance, this article examines local and adaptation funding as two entry points into the field, connecting different perspectives on climate finance.

Exterminator Genes: The Right to Say No to Ethics Dumping

DEVELOPMENT - 23. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The scientific-industrial complex is promoting a new wave of genetically modified organisms, in particular gene drive organisms, using the same hype with which they tried to persuade society that GMOs would be a magic bullet to solve world hunger. The Gates Foundation claims that GDOs could help wipe out diseases such as malaria. Powerful conservation lobby groups claim GDOs will protect engendered species. Not only are the benefits from GDOs based, like their predecessors, on flawed ecological thinking, but they are backed by the same agri-business interests that have devastated agroecological farming systems. The rights of communities to say ‘no’ to new genetic technologies is being eroded, despite United Nations agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, which call for the free, prior and informed consent of affected communities to be respected. By exporting their field trials to countries with weak regulatory regimes and lowering of the standards of consent the Gates Foundation’s Target Malaria project has already been guilty of ethics dumping. These developments demonstrate the urgent need to democratize the development of new technologies.

Economic Rights Over Data: A Framework for Community Data Ownership

DEVELOPMENT - 23. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

With digitalization increasingly pervading every aspect of the economy, data rights cannot be seen solely as about privacy or otherwise just in an individualistic framework. Valuable data is often aggregated, group or anonymized data, and thus we make a case for collective rights over the economic resource of data. The article proposes a framework for community data ownership as being necessary for economic justice. It means that a national community, city, village or neighbourhood community, as well as communities/groups of workers, traders and producers, collectively have primary economic rights over the data that they contribute to different digital platforms. Unless such new alternative frameworks are developed, the proliferation of free trade agreements as well as efforts at a WTO plurilateral on e-commerce—with their ‘global free flow of data’ doctrine—will lock the default of de facto data ownership rights being solely that of the collectors of data.

The Museum of Fetishes

DEVELOPMENT - 23. September 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

In the 1950s and 1960s, exhibitions such as the World’s Fair portrayed visions of the future in which technology, driven by boundless human ingenuity, opened up vistas ‘of limitless promise’ in a world seemingly emptied of political and ecological conflict. Today it’s easy to laugh at such portrayals, but many contemporary discussions about ‘energy alternatives’ and similar subjects suffer from the same fetishising of technology.

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